NotationCategory headingAddMod
AThe Arts
ABThe arts: general issues
ABATheory of art
See also: QDTN Philosophy: aesthetics
ABCConservation, restoration & care of artworks
ABKForgery, falsification & theft of artworks
ABQArt: financial aspects
Class here: art sales & auctioneering, funding, patronage & sponsorship
AFFine arts: art forms
Use with: (all AF* codes) the relevant AG* code(s) & STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AFCPainting & paintings
AFCCPaintings & painting in watercolours
AFCLPaintings & painting in oils
AFCMMurals & wall paintings
Class here: trompe l‘oeil, frescos, ceiling paintings
1.3
AFFDrawing & drawings
AFHPrints & printmaking
AFJOther graphic art forms
Class here: collage; photomontage; graffiti & street art; body art & tattooing
AFKNon-graphic art forms
AFKBSculpture
AFKCCarvings: artworks
AFKGPrecious metal, precious stones & jewellery: artworks & design
Class here: gold & silversmithing, Fabergé, etc
See also: WFJ Jewellery & beadcraft, WCP Antiques & collectables: jewellery, WCR Antiques & collectables: gold, silver & other metals (other than jewellery), WFP Decorative metalwork
AFKNInstallation art
AFKPPerformance art
AFKVElectronic, holographic & video art
AFPCeramic & glass: artworks
Class here: ceramics, pottery, mosaics, glass, stained glass as artworks
See also: WFN Pottery, ceramics & glass crafts
AFTDecorative arts
Class here: ornament, decorative details. Use for: ‘art book’ treatments
See also: WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
1.3
AFWTextile artworks
Class here: carpets, tapestries & other textiles as art
See also: AKT Fashion & textiles, WFB* Needlework & fabric crafts, WFF Rug & carpetmaking, WFG Spinning & weaving
AGFine arts: treatments & subjects
Use with: (all AG* codes) the relevant AF* code(s) & STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AGAHistory of art
Use with: other Arts codes A* and also STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
AGBIndividual artists, art monographs
AGCExhibition catalogues & specific collections
See also: WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc, GLZ Museology & heritage studies
AGHHuman figures depicted in art
AGHFPortraits & self-portraiture in art1.3
AGHNNudes depicted in art
AGHXErotic art
Use with: Qualifier 5X if appropriate
See also: AJCX Erotic & nude photography
AGKSmall-scale, secular & domestic scenes in art
Class here: ‘genre’ subjects, everyday scenes & events in art
1.3
AGNNature in art1.3
AGNAAnimals in art
Class here: animal painters, wildlife art, birds, insects, fish in art, etc
1.3
AGNBBotanical art
AGNLLandscapes / seascapes1.3
AGNSStill life
Class here: vanitas. Use for: depictions of small scale scenes of mostly inanimate objects both natural and man-made
1.3
AGPMan-made objects depicted in art (cityscapes, machines, etc)
AGRReligious art
Use with: relevant code from QR* where appropriate
AGZArt techniques & principles
Class here: textbooks & advanced level works on techniques, colour theory, perspective, etc
See also: WFA Painting & art manuals
AJPhotography & photographs
AJCPhotographs: collections
Use with: other codes to indicate thematic collections
See also: WQP Places in old photographs
1.3
AJCDIndividual photographers
AJCPPhotography: portraits & self-portraiture1.11.3
AJCXErotic & nude photography
Use with: Qualifier 5X if appropriate
See also: AGHX Erotic art
AJFPhotojournalism
Class here: photographic reportage
See also: DNP Reportage & collected journalism
1.1
AJTPhotographic equipment & techniques: general
See also: UGP Photo & image editing
AJTACamera-specific manuals
AJTFPhotography: specific techniques
Class here: aerial photography
AJTVVideo photography / videography
See also: AFKV Electronic, holographic & video art, ATFX Film production: technical & background skills, ATJX Television production: technical & background skills
1.3
AKIndustrial / commercial art & design
Use with: (all AK* codes) STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AKBIndividual designers
Use with: other subject codes to indicate what field of design if appropriate, eg AKT for fashion designers, plus AGA for historical approaches
1.3
AKCGraphic design
AKDTypography & lettering
See also: WFU Calligraphy & hand-lettering
AKHBook design
See also: WFT Book & paper crafts
AKHMManuscripts and illumination
Class here: miniatures, illuminated or painted manuscripts
1.3
AKLIllustration & commercial art
AKLBIllustration
See also: AFF Drawing & drawings
AKLCComic book & cartoon art
See also: AFF Drawing & drawings
AKLC1Graphic novel & Manga artwork
Use with: X* subject codes to indicate the form of the artwork involved
See also: XA* Graphic novel & Comic book: types, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews, AFF Drawing & drawings
1.2
AKLFComputer game art
Use for: works on artistic aspects of game design, artwork, graphics etc
See also: UGG Computer games design
1.1
AKLPPoster art
AKPProduct design
See also: TBD Technical design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
AKRFurniture design
AKTFashion & textiles
Use with: AKB for individual fashion designers, with AGA for history of fashion, plus TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
See also: AFW Textile artworks, WFB Needlework & fabric crafts, WFF Rug & carpetmaking, WFG Spinning & weaving, TDPF Textiles & fibres, KNDD Apparel, garment & textile industries
1.3
AKTRNational or regional costume
Class here: folk, ethnic & traditional costume. Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1* codes as appropriate
1.3
AMArchitecture
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AMATheory of architecture
AMBIndividual architects & architectural firms
AMCArchitectural structure & design
Class here: architectural drawings, sections, elevations, materials, architectural engineering
1.3
AMCDArchitectural details, components and motifs
Use for: works that examine the individual elements of a building or structure, eg windows, doors, roof design, ornamentation etc
1.3
AMCREnvironmentally-friendly (‘green’) architecture & design
Class here: sustainable and energy-efficient architecture
1.3
AMDArchitecture: professional practice
AMGArchitecture: public buildings
Class here: civic, commercial, & industrial buildings; also concert halls, arenas, stadia, memorials, monuments, hospitals, lighthouses, libraries, museums, galleries, exhibition spaces, stations, airports, etc
See also: JWT Military institutions, WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
1.3
AMKArchitecture: residential buildings, domestic buildings
Class here: private homes, houses, apartments, flats, lofts. Use with: AMR interior design if appropriate
See also: WJK Interior design, decor & style guides, AMR Architecture: interior design
1.3
AMKHArchitecture: holiday homes & cabins1.2
AMKLArchitecture: castles & fortifications
AMKSArchitecture: palaces, stately homes & mansions1.2
AMNArchitecture: religious buildings
Class here: architectural aspects of abbeys, cathedrals, churches, mosques, synagogues, temples etc. Use for: books about the buildings
1.3
AMRArchitecture: interior design
Use for: ‘art book’ treatments and professional studies of interior architecture and design
See also: WJK Interior design, decor & style guides
1.3
AMVLandscape architecture & design
See also: WMD Garden design & planning
1.3
AMVDCity & town planning: architectural aspects
See also: RPC Urban & municipal planning
AMXHistory of architecture
Use with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
ATPerforming arts
ATCIndividual actors & performers
Class here: media personalities, presenters. Use with: relevant AT* code to indicate whether specifically theatre, film, TV, radio etc
See also: DNBF* Biography: arts & entertainment
1.3
ATDTheatre studies
See also: DD* Plays, playscripts
ATDCActing techniques
Class here: monologues, audition material, etc
ATDFTheatre direction & production
ATDHTheatre: technical & background skills
Class here: stagecraft, wardrobe & makeup, lighting, scenery, etc
ATDSTheatre management
ATFFilms, cinema
Use for: (all ATF* codes) performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATFAFilm history, theory & criticism
ATFBIndividual film directors, film-makers
ATFDFilm scripts & screenplays
ATFGFilm guides & reviews
ATFNFilm: styles & genres
Class here: works on specific genres, eg Film Noir, Westerns, Horror films, etc
ATFRDocumentary films
ATFVAnimated films
ATFV1Anime
Use for: Japanese style animated films
See also: AKLC1 Graphic novel & Manga artwork
1.3
ATFXFilm production: technical & background skills
Class here: cinematography, editing, wardrobe & makeup, lighting, scenery, costume etc
1.3
ATJTelevision
Use for: (all ATJ* codes) performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATJDTelevision screenplays, scripts & performances
See also: WHG TV tie-in humour
1.2
ATJSTelevision drama
Class here: works on drama series, soap operas, plays for TV, etc
ATJXTelevision production: technical & background skills
Class here: television camerawork, editing, wardrobe & makeup, lighting, scenery, costume etc
1.3
ATLRadio
Use for: (all ATL* codes) performing arts aspects only
See also: KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
ATLDRadio plays, scripts & performances1.2
ATNInternet & digital media: arts & performance
Class here: all aspects of Internet as media channel, especially for material that originates online; internet celebrities, bloggers & blogging, vloggers, podcasts etc
See also: UD* Computing & IT: consumer and user guides, KNTV Computer & video game industry, KNTX Information technology industries
1.2
ATQDance
Use with: (all ATQ* codes) STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
ATQCChoreography
ATQLBallet
ATQRBallroom dancing
Class here: Latin dance
1.3
ATQTContemporary dance
ATQVDancers / choreographers
Class here: dance troupes, dance groups, companies
1.3
ATQZFolk dancing
ATXOther performing arts
Class here: mime, noh, street theatre, variety shows, music hall, cabaret, juggling, ventriloquism etc
1.3
ATXCCircus & circus skills
Class here: clowns, funambulism, acrobatics
See also: ATXZ Animal spectacles, performing animals
1.3
ATXDComedy & stand-up
Class here: Improvisational comedy, impressionists, alternative comedy, sketch comedy, comedians
1.3
ATXFConjuring & magic
Class here: illusions, prestidigitation, card tricks, magicians as performers
See also: QRYX2 Magic, alchemy & hermetic thought, VXWM Magic, spells & alchemy
1.3
ATXMPuppetry, miniature & toy theatre
ATXPPageants, parades, festivals
ATXZAnimal spectacles, performing animals
ATXZ1Bullfighting
AVMusic
Use with: (all AV* codes) STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AVATheory of music & musicology
AVCMusic reviews & criticism
AVDDiscographies & buyer’s guides
AVLMusic: styles & genres
Use with: (all AVL* codes) STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
AVLAArt music, orchestral & formal music
AVLCChoral music
AVLFOpera
AVLKSacred & religious music
AVLMMusic of film & stage
Class here: works on musicals, film scores
1.1
AVLPPopular music
Class here: Jazz, Rock and Pop music, Soul, Rap etc. Use for: all forms of popular music, as distinct from art music and traditional music. Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6* to indicate the specific style or genre of music
1.3
AVLTTraditional & folk music
AVLWWorld music & regional styles
Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1* as appropriate
1.3
AVLXElectronic music
See also: AVRS Electronic musical instruments
AVMHistory of music
Use with: STYLE 6*, PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
AVNComposers & songwriters
AVPMusicians, singers, bands & groups
AVQMusical scores, lyrics & libretti
AVQSSongbooks
Class here: songs for easy piano, guitar, etc
AVRMusical instruments
AVRGKeyboard instruments
AVRG1Piano1.2
AVRJPercussion instruments
AVRLString instruments
AVRL1Guitar
AVRL2Plucked instruments
AVRL3Violin1.2
AVRNWind instruments
AVRQMechanical musical instruments
AVRSElectronic musical instruments
See also: AVLX Electronic music
AVSTechniques of music / music tutorials / teaching of music
Class here: learning an instrument; self study tutorials & books for or about the teaching of music
1.2
AVSASinging: techniques
Class here: learning to sing
1.3
AVXMusic recording & reproduction
See also: UDM Digital music & audio: consumer / user guides, TTA Acoustic & sound engineering, KNT Media, entertainment, information & communication industries
CLanguage & Linguistics
CBLanguage: reference & general
Use with: (all CB* codes) LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
CBDDictionaries
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
CBDXBilingual & multilingual dictionaries
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
CBFThesauri
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
CBGUsage & grammar guides
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
CBPSpeaking in public: advice & guides
Use for: general guides to public speaking, example speeches and quotes. Use with: WJW For wedding and best man speeches
1.1
CBVCreative writing & creative writing guides
CBVSScreenwriting techniques
CBWWriting & editing guides
Class here: general guides as well as journalist style guides, technical writing, letter writing guides, etc
1.3
CBXLanguage: history & general works
CFLinguistics
Use for: academic & specialist works only. Use with: (all CF* codes) LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
CFAPhilosophy of language
See also: GTD Semiotics / semiology
CFBSociolinguistics
CFCLiteracy
See also: JNF Educational strategies & policy, VSL Adult literacy guides & handbooks
CFDPsycholinguistics & cognitive linguistics
Class here: neurolinguistics
1.3
CFDCLanguage acquisition
CFDMBilingualism & multilingualism
CFFHistorical & comparative linguistics
Class here: etymology, language family studies
See also: CBX Language: history & general works
CFFDDialect, slang & jargon
See also: WHL Slang & dialect humour
CFGSemantics, discourse analysis, stylistics
Class here: pragmatics, lexicology, rhetoric
CFHPhonetics, phonology
CFKGrammar, syntax & morphology
CFLPalaeography
Class here: study of writing & writing systems
1.2
CFLAWriting systems, alphabets
CFMLexicography
CFPTranslation & interpretation
Class here: hermeneutics
CFXComputational & corpus linguistics1.3
CFZSign languages, Braille & other linguistic communication
CJLanguage teaching & learning
Use for: (all CJ* codes) all material for teaching or learning a second language for adults, including ELT material. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
CJALanguage teaching theory & methods
CJBLanguage teaching & learning material & coursework
CJBGLanguage learning: grammar, vocabulary & pronunciation
CJBRLanguage readers
Use for: purpose-written or simplified versions of texts written for language learners. These are usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate, & with other subject codes to indicate if they are stories (F*) or non-fiction
1.3
CJBTLanguage self-study
Use for: language learning material designed for self-learning. Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate, for example 4L
See also: WTK Language phrasebooks
1.3
CJCLanguage learning: specific skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCKLanguage learning: speaking skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCLLanguage learning: listening skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCRLanguage learning: reading skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJCWLanguage learning: writing skills
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
CJPLanguage learning for specific purposes
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate plus other subject codes
1.3
CJPDLanguage learning for business
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate plus other subject codes
1.3
CJPGLanguage learning for technical & scientific purposes
Use with: LANGUAGE 2* & EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate plus other subject codes
1.3
DBiography, Literature & Literary studies
DBAncient, classical & medieval texts
Use for: texts, other than sagas & epics, in an early, ancient or classical language, ideally with other D* code indicating literary form
1.1
DBSSagas & epics
Use for: the texts of ancient and medieval sagas and epics, whether in original language or in modern translation. Use FN for modern re-tellings in the form of a novel. Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1* as appropriate
See also: FT Generational sagas, FN Myths & fairy tales
1.1
DBSGAncient Greek & Roman legends
Use for: the texts of classical legends in the original language, an annotated version or a modern translation
See also: QRSG Ancient Greek religion & mythology, QRSL Roman religion & mythology
1.11.3
DBSNIcelandic & Old Norse sagas
Use for: the texts of Icelandic & Old Norse sagas in the original language, an annotated version or a modern translation
See also: QRSW Norse religion & mythology
1.11.3
DCPoetry
DCAClassic & pre-20th century poetry
DCCModern & contemporary poetry (c 1900 onwards)
DCFPoetry by individual poets
DCQPoetry anthologies (various poets)
See also: DNT Anthologies: general
DDPlays, playscripts
Use with: STYLE Qualifier 6* as appropriate
See also: ATFD Film scripts & screenplays, ATJD Television screenplays, scripts & performances, ATLD Radio plays, scripts & performances
DDAClassic & pre-20th century plays
DDCModern & contemporary plays (c 1900 onwards)
DDLComedic plays
Class here: farce
1.21.3
DDTTragic plays
Class here: tragedies, revenge tragedy
1.21.3
DNBiography & non-fiction prose
Use with: (all DN* codes) another specific subject code where possible, eg SFH “Golf” with DNBS
See also: FC Biographical fiction
DNBBiography: general
DNBAAutobiography: general
DNBBBiography: business & industry
DNBB1Autobiography: business & industry
DNBFBiography: arts & entertainment
Class here: ‘celebrity biographies’
DNBF1Autobiography: arts & entertainment
Class here: ‘celebrity autobiographies’
DNBHBiography: historical, political & military
DNBH1Autobiography: historical, political & military
DNBLBiography: literary
DNBL1Autobiography: literary
DNBMBiography: philosophy & social sciences1.2
DNBM1Autobiography: philosophy & social sciences1.2
DNBPBiography: adventurers & explorers1.3
DNBP1Autobiography: adventurers & explorers1.3
DNBRBiography: royalty
DNBR1Autobiography: royalty
DNBSBiography: sport
DNBS1Autobiography: sport
DNBTBiography: science, technology & medicine
DNBT1Autobiography: science, technology & medicine
DNBXBiography: religious & spiritual
DNBX1Autobiography: religious & spiritual
DNBZCollected biographies
Use for: biographies of several people in single volume. Use with: appropriate DNB* code indicating area where possible
See also: GBCB Dictionaries of biography
DNCMemoirs
Use for: Memoirs are typically less structured & less encompassing than entire autobiographies, & are often about part of a life (eg childhood, a politician’s time in office) rather than one’s whole life. Use with: an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where possible
DNDDiaries, letters & journals
Use for: where diary or journal entries, or letters, are collected, rather than the work being written specifically as an autobiography. Use with: an autobiography code from the DNB* sequence above to indicate area where appropriate
DNGAnimal life stories
Class here: biographies of specific animals, such as performing animals, racehorses, rescue animals etc
1.3
DNLLiterary essays
Use for: essays or causeries on literary subjects; classify essays on a specific subject, eg philosophy, economics, with a code from and within that subject
1.3
DNPReportage & collected journalism
Class here: collected columns. Use with: appropriate codes, for example, an economics K* or a fiction F* code for reportage or collected journalism on these particular subjects, use on its own for more general works
See also: WTL* Travel writing, AJF Photojournalism
1.3
DNSSpeeches
Use for: collections of transcribed speeches. Use with: other code indicating subject where appropriate
See also: QRVH Sermons
DNTAnthologies: general
Use for: all anthologies except poetry anthologies. Use with: other code indicating subject or literary form where appropriate
See also: DCQ Poetry anthologies (various poets)
DNXTrue stories: general
Use for: (all DNX* codes) for popular accounts of actual events written in a novelistic style
DNXCTrue crime
Use with: JKV* or other codes as appropriate
1.3
DNXC3True crime: serial killers & murderers1.3
DNXHTrue stories of discovery
Use for: discovery of a historical or scientific nature
1.2
DNXMTrue war & combat stories
DNXPTrue stories of heroism, endurance & survival
Use for: primarily physical ordeals arising from misadventure, conflict, disasters etc
See also: DNXR True stories of survival of abuse & injustice
1.2
DNXRTrue stories of survival of abuse & injustice
Class here: ‘misery memoirs’. Use for: physical or emotional ordeals arising from deliberate mistreatment, miscarriages of justice, victims of crime, etc. Prefer DNXC for objective or criminal’s view of criminal activity
See also: DNXC True crime, DNXP True stories of heroism, endurance & survival
1.21.3
DNXZErotic confessions & true stories
DSLiterature: history & criticism
Use with: STYLE 6* & LANGUAGE 2* Qualifiers, as appropriate
DSALiterary theory
DSBLiterary studies: general
DSBBLiterary studies: ancient, classical & medieval1.1
DSBCLiterary studies: c 1400 to c 1600
DSBDLiterary studies: c 1600 to c 1800
DSBFLiterary studies: c 1800 to c 1900
DSBHLiterary studies: c 1900 to c 2000
DSBH5Literary studies: post-colonial literature
DSBJLiterary studies: from c 2000
DSCLiterary studies: poetry & poets
DSGLiterary studies: plays & playwrights
DSKLiterary studies: fiction, novelists & prose writers
DSMComparative literature1.2
DSRLiterary reference works
DSRCLiterary companions, book reviews & guides
See also: FZ Fiction companions, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
DSYChildren’s & teenage literature studies: general
DSYCChildren’s & teenage book reviews & guides
FFiction & Related items
Use with: (all F* codes) may be used with PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent & significant; appropriate non-fiction codes may be added after F* codes to indicate specific central themes or topics in fiction
1.1
FBFiction: general & literary
Use for: literary & non-genre fiction where date not known; prefer FBA or FBC as appropriate where possible. Use with: (all FB* codes) may be used with other F* codes indicating themes, genres or features where applicable
1.1
FBAModern & contemporary fiction
Use for: works of literary & non-genre fiction first published in the last 50 years or so
1.3
FBAN‘Street’ fiction
Class here: urban fiction. Use for: stories, usually set in urban, inner-city enclaves, that are often dark, focusing on the underside of city life
1.3
FBCClassic fiction
Class here: works of literary & non-genre fiction widely regarded as ‘classic’ and typically published at least 50 years ago, but where available, prefer ‘classic’ headings for genre fiction
See also: DBS* Sagas & epics, FFC Classic crime & mystery fiction, FLC Classic science fiction
1.3
FCBiographical fiction
Use for: highly fictionalised accounts of the lives of real people (including fictionalised autobiographies). Use with: FV where applicable
See also: DN* Biography & non-fiction prose
1.1
FDSpeculative fiction
FDBDystopian & utopian fiction
Use for: any fiction set in an ideal, dysfunctional or degraded society. Use with: FL* or other F* codes as appropriate
1.1
FDKAlternative history fiction
Use for: any fiction, apart from Fantasy or SF, set in an imagined world that might have emerged had key historical events happened differently eg outcome of WW2
FFCrime & mystery fiction
FFCClassic crime & mystery fiction
Use for: works of crime fiction widely regarded as ‘classic’ and typically published at least 50 years ago
1.3
FFDCrime & mystery: private investigator / amateur detectives
Use for: stories where the main investigator is not an official police or judicial investigator
1.3
FFHHistorical crime & mysteries
Use for: contemporary mysteries set in past times, eg in Victorian, Medieval, Roman period. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3 * Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
FFJCrime & mystery: cosy mystery
Use for: mysteries set in rural or traditional communities featuring minimal violence & typically amateur sleuths
FFKComic (humorous) crime & mystery
FFLCrime & mystery: hard-boiled crime, noir fiction
FFPCrime & mystery: police procedural
Class here: police and forensic investigation, judicial or detective investigators
1.3
FFSCrime & mystery: women sleuths
FGSports fiction
Use with: S* codes to indicate specific sport featured
1.1
FHThriller / suspense fiction
FHDEspionage & spy thriller
FHKTechnothriller
Use for: thrillers incorporating scientific, technological (including computing), medical, etc elements as important parts of the narrative
1.1
FHPPolitical / legal thriller
FHQEsoteric thriller
Use for: thrillers featuring traditions of ancient, secret or esoteric knowledge, such as Holy Grail, etc
FHXPsychological thriller
FJAdventure fiction
FJHHistorical adventure fiction
Use for: adventure novels set in past times; prefer specific FJM* code if applicable. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
FJMWar, combat & military fiction1.3
FJMCNapoleonic War fiction
FJMFFirst World War fiction
FJMSSecond World War fiction
FJMVVietnam War fiction
FJNSea stories
Class here: naval & maritime fiction
1.3
FJWAdventure fiction: Westerns
FKHorror & supernatural fiction
FKCClassic horror & ghost stories
Class here: classic gothic horror. Use for: horror & ghost stories widely regarded as ‘classic’ and typically published at least 50 years ago
1.3
FKMContemporary horror & ghost stories
Use for: horror set in the present day or contemporary settings, typically published in the last 50 years
1.3
FKWOccult fiction
FLScience fiction
FLCClassic science fiction
Use for: science fiction widely regarded as ‘classic’ and typically published at least 50 years ago
1.3
FLGScience fiction: time travel
FLMScience fiction: steampunk
Class here: dieselpunk, retrofuturism. Use for: science fiction based on an alternative world where 19th century steam power has emerged as the dominant technology
1.3
FLPScience fiction: near-future1.3
FLPBScience fiction: cyberpunk / biopunk
Use for: science fiction based on marginalised or low-life characters in a highly technologically advanced society or focused on the implications of biotechnology or genetic engineering
1.3
FLQScience fiction: apocalyptic & post-apocalyptic1.1
FLRScience fiction: military
Use for: science fiction set within the military or where organised use of weaponry is central to the plot
See also: FLS Science fiction: space opera
1.1
FLSScience fiction: space opera
Use for: science fiction set in space, usually with advanced cultures & technology
FLUScience fiction: aliens / UFOs
Class here: first contact, alien invasion
1.11.3
FLWScience fiction: space exploration
Class here: colonisation of space
1.3
FMFantasy
FMBEpic fantasy / heroic fantasy
Class here: high fantasy
1.3
FMHHistorical fantasy
FMKComic (humorous) fantasy
FMMMagical realism1.1
FMRFantasy romance
Use for: fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of the romance genre but that remain primarily & recognisably a fantasy story
See also: FRV Dark romance, FRT Romance: fantasy & paranormal
1.3
FMTDark fantasy
Use for: fantasy stories with darker & frightening themes, often incorporating elements of horror or that have a gloomy & threatening atmosphere or a sense of horror & dread
1.3
FMWContemporary fantasy
Use for: fantasy set in the present day or contemporary settings
1.3
FMXUrban fantasy
FNMyths & fairy tales
Class here: myths & legends, folk & fairy tales or fables told in a story form. Use for: modern retellings in novel form or collections of these type of traditional stories aimed primarily at adults
See also: DBS* Sagas & epics, QRS* Ancient religions & mythologies, JBGB Folklore, myths & legends, YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories
1.3
FPErotic fiction
Use for: stories of an erotic nature that deal explicitly with sexual relationships and themes, that are not primarily a romance story. Do NOT use with FRX. Use with: INTEREST Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: FRX Erotic romance
1.3
FQContemporary lifestyle fiction
Class here: ‘chick lit’, ‘lad lit’, ‘romantic comedy’, ‘feel good’ fiction. Use for: stories set in the present day or contemporary settings, dealing with everyday themes or lifestyles, usually in a light-hearted manner
1.11.3
FRRomance
FRDContemporary romance
Use for: romance where main characters live & work in a world most readers can understand, with modern conveniences and current social mores
1.3
FRFRomance: wholesome
Class here: sweetheart, clean & cosy romance. Use for: romance that does not contain any strong language or physical intimacy. Use with: FW for religious romance, if appropriate, & with 5P* values from INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
FRHHistorical romance
Use for: romance stories set in the past (typically before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story, and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail (eg Regency romances). Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
FRJRomance: ‘western’, rural or ‘outback’
Class here: cowboy romance. Use for: romance that takes place in very rural environments, often set on farms, ranches or in small rural communities, usually far from any city
1.3
FRMRomantic suspense
FRPRomance in uniform
Class here: military, armed services, firefighters, police, pilots, cabin crew etc.. Use for: romance stories where one or more of the main protagonists is in a job that means wearing a formal uniform
1.3
FRQRomance: medical
Use for: romance stories featuring doctors, nurses, etc
1.3
FRTRomance: fantasy & paranormal
Class here: vampire romance, were/ shifter romance. Use for: a romance story which blends elements from the fantasy genre or features mythical creatures or supernatural elements but remain primarily & recognisably a romance story. Use with: FM* codes if appropriate
1.3
FRURomance: time travel1.3
FRVDark romance
Use for: genre romance stories where the themes are dark, often exploring themes of evil or horror, usually featuring an anti-hero or non-heroic characters and/or distressing situations
1.3
FRXErotic romance
Use for: romance fiction which contains explicit sexual content, but which remains primarily & recognisably a romance story. Do NOT use with FP. Use with: INTEREST Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: FP Erotic fiction
1.3
FSFamily life fiction
Use for: novels of domestic or small-scale family life
See also: FT Generational sagas
1.1
FTGenerational sagas
Class here: family sagas. Use for: novels which chronicle the fortunes of a family or families often over generations. Do NOT use for Icelandic or Norse sagas
See also: FS Family life fiction
1.1
FUHumorous fiction
Use for: fiction where humour is the primary aim & feature except prefer genre-specific ‘humorous’ headings where available. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate
FUPSatirical fiction & parodies
Use for: humorous fiction which is satirical and/or which parodies existing fiction, genres or writers
See also: WHP Parodies & spoofs: non-fiction, FYH Fiction: pastiche
FVHistorical fiction
Use for: stories set in the past (typically before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate. Prefer genre-specific ‘historical’ headings where available
See also: FFH Historical crime & mysteries, FJH Historical adventure fiction, FMH Historical fantasy, FRH Historical romance
1.3
FWReligious & spiritual fiction
Use for: fiction designed to promote a particular religious, spiritual or visionary message. Use with: 5PG* values from INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate, or where unavailable, a QR* or VX* code. Use with: other F* codes, for example FR - for Religious romance novels
1.3
FXFiction: narrative themes
Use with: (all FX* codes) other F* codes indicating genre or type, to indicate the underlying narrative theme of a work of fiction. FX* codes should never be the primary or main subject code
1.11.3
FXBNarrative theme: Coming of age
Class here: bildungsroman
1.1
FXDNarrative theme: Love & relationships
Use for: fiction where a relationship or love is the central theme but not a genre romance novel
1.3
FXENarrative theme: Environmental issues
Use for: fiction that addresses a specific environmental issue as a central theme
1.2
FXLNarrative theme: Death, grief, loss
Use for: fiction where a loss or the experience of grief is a central theme
1.2
FXMNarrative theme: Interior life
Use for: fiction which places particular emphasis on interior characterization, and on the motives, feelings and thoughts of characters. Prefer FHX for psychological thrillers
1.1
FXPNarrative theme: Politics
Use for: fiction where political concerns are the underlying narrative theme including political allegories. Prefer FHP for political thrillers
1.1
FXRNarrative theme: Sense of place
Use for: fiction set in a real location (often but not necessarily rural or historic), where the setting very deeply pervades the work to the extent that it could not be set anywhere else; eg the French tradition of ‘roman du terroir’. Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1*
1.2
FXSNarrative theme: Social issues
Use for: fiction that addresses a specific social problem or issue as a central theme. Use with: other Non-fiction codes especially JBF* codes to give more detail of main social issue
1.11.3
FYFiction: special features
Use with: (all FY* codes) with other F* code indicating genre or type. FY* codes should never be the primary or main subject code
1.3
FYBShort stories
FYDEpistolary fiction
Use for: fiction written in a series of documents, letters, diaries, emails, blogs etc
1.3
FYHFiction: pastiche
Use for: fiction written deliberately in the style of another (typically earlier) author (as homage rather than parody), often as a sequel to a novel written by, or using a popular character created by, the original author
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
FYMFiction: mashup
Use for: fiction which combines a pre-existing text, often a classic novel, with another contrasting genre, such as horror, into a single narrative. Use with: other F* or non-fiction codes to indicate component elements
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
1.1
FYRCategory fiction
Class here: ranobe (Japanese-style light novels). Use for: the kind of romance, science fiction or other types of genre fiction, usually published on a monthly basis, short, in clearly delineated lines and with a certain number published every month. Use with: other F* code indicating genre or type. FYR codes should never be the primary or main subject code
1.3
FYTFiction in translation
Use for: fiction in translation from another language. Do NOT use PLACE or LANGUAGE Qualifiers to describe the detail of the original language, this would be described elsewhere and not using Thema. You may still use a PLACE Qualifier if it is relevant to the plot or setting of the book. Use with: F* codes to ensure classification is meaningful beyond the translation of the work itself. FYT codes should never be the primary or main subject code
1.3
FYVFiction: inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, for example, novels inspired by a popular film franchise, an online game or a TV series. Do NOT use for titles that were subsequently made into films etc
1.3
FZFiction companions
Use for: companion works to popular fiction series or titles, typically uncritical, such as an atlas of a mythical world, a compendium of characters, a guide to the series, etc
See also: DSR Literary reference works, XR* Graphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
1.3
GReference, Information & Interdisciplinary subjects
GBEncyclopaedias & reference works
GBAGeneral encyclopaedias
Use for: non-subject-specific works only
GBCReference works
Use with: other subject code indicating the area or scope of the work
See also: CB* Language: reference & general, DSR* Literary reference works
GBCBDictionaries of biography
Class here: Who’s Who. Use with: other subject code indicating the area or scope of the work
1.3
GBCDSubject dictionaries
Use for: dictionaries covering a particular subject e.g. Legal dictionaries. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
1.21.3
GBCQQuotations, proverbs & sayings
Class here: collections of common phrases or aphorisms, helpful quotations for specific purposes
1.3
GBCRBibliographies, catalogues
See also: AVD Discographies & buyer’s guides
GBCSSerials, periodicals, abstracts, indexes
GBCTDirectories
GBCYYearbooks, annuals, almanacs
GBDMiscellanies & compendia
Use for: works containing a mixture or assortment of pieces compiled from varied sources and that can include many subjects and be in a variety of different forms, such as quotes, facts, illustrations etc. Use with: other subject codes when the miscellany covers one broad subject, (eg for a bestiary use with WN* codes)
See also: WDKX Trivia & quiz question books
1.3
GLLibrary & information sciences / Museology
GLCLibrary, archive & information management
GLCAInformation retrieval & access
GLFIT, Internet & electronic resources in libraries
GLHAcquisitions & collection development
GLKBibliographic & subject control
Class here: indexing, cataloguing & classification
GLMLibrary & information services
Class here: academic, specialist, public & school libraries; reference, circulation & community services
GLPArchiving, preservation & digitization
GLZMuseology & heritage studies
Class here: museum studies; curatorship; heritage interpretation; and historical conservation of culturally & socially significant sites, buildings, monuments etc
See also: ABC Conservation, restoration & care of artworks, AGC Exhibition catalogues & specific collections, RNK Conservation of the environment, TNKX Conservation of buildings & building materials, WTHM Travel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
GPResearch & information: general
GPFInformation theory
GPFCCybernetics & systems theory
Class here: control & stability of systems, entropy
GPHData analysis: general
Class here: data visualization and infographics
See also: UYZF Information visualization
1.3
GPJCoding theory & cryptology
See also: URY Data encryption
GPQDecision theory: general
See also: KJMD Management decision making
GPQDRisk assessment
GPSResearch methods: general
Use with: other subject codes for research methods within a particular discipline
See also: JHBC Social research & statistics, KJT Operational research
1.3
GTInterdisciplinary studies
GTBHistory of scholarship (principally of social sciences & humanities)
Use for: historical studies concentrating on fields of study not covered by the English term ‘science’ (cf history of science), but included for example in the German term ‘Wissenschaft’ (ie all kinds of academic studies)
See also: PDA Philosophy of science, PDX History of science
1.1
GTCCommunication studies
Use for: Communication Studies textbooks and for works covering a range of aspects of communication – linguistic, social, industrial, technological etc
See also: JBCT* Media studies
GTDSemiotics / semiology
See also: CFA Philosophy of language
GTKCognitive studies
Use for: interdisciplinary works
See also: QDTM Philosophy of mind, JM* Psychology, MKJ Neurology & clinical neurophysiology, PSAN Neurosciences, UYQ* Artificial intelligence, UXJ Computer applications in the social & behavioural sciences
1.1
GTMRegional studies
Use for: interdisciplinary works covering a range of topics within a defined area. Use with: PLACE Qualifier 1*
See also: RGL Regional geography
GTPDevelopment studies
See also: KCM Development economics & emerging economies
GTQGlobalization
GTTFlags, emblems, symbols, logos
See also: NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names & honours
GTUPeace studies & conflict resolution
See also: JWLP Peacekeeping operations
GTVInstitutions & learned societies: general
See also: JPSN International institutions
GTZGeneral studies
Use for: coursework aimed specifically at General Studies courses at advanced secondary and undergraduate level
JSociety & Social Sciences
JBSociety & culture: general
Use for: (all JB* codes) both general & academic works on social topics. Use with: JH* codes for sociology textbooks & other specialist works as appropriate
See also: VFV* Family & relationships: advice & issues
JBCCultural & media studies
JBCCCultural studies
Class here: cross-cultural studies
1.3
JBCC1Popular culture
JBCC2Material culture
Use for: the interdisciplinary field telling of relationships between people and their things, the role of artefacts & objects in society, the making, history, preservation, and interpretation of objects
1.3
JBCC3Cultural studies: fashion & society
JBCC4Cultural studies: food & society
JBCC6Cultural studies: customs & traditions1.2
JBCC9History of ideas
JBCTMedia studies
See also: GTC Communication studies
JBCT1Media studies: internet, digital media & society
JBCT2Media studies: TV & society
JBCT3Media studies: advertising & society
JBCT4Media studies: journalism
See also: KNTP Publishing industry & journalism
1.2
JBFSocial & ethical issues
See also: PDR Impact of science & technology on society, RNT Social impact of environmental issues, QDTQ Ethics & moral philosophy
JBFASocial discrimination & equal treatment
Class here: racism, xenophobia, sexism, homophobia, Islamophobia, antisemitism, etc. Use for: both issues of inequality & discrimination and measures to address these issues such as positive discrimination
1.3
JBFBSocial Integration & assimilation1.3
JBFCPoverty & precarity
Class here: food poverty, food banks, unemployment or employment when linked to poverty
1.3
JBFDHousing & homelessness
JBFFSocial impact of disasters
Class here: famine, malnutrition, forced movement of peoples as a result of disasters etc. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate
See also: RNR Natural disasters
1.3
JBFGRefugees & political asylum
JBFG1Aiding escape & evasion
Class here: the Underground Railroad, the Comet Line, Fluchthilfe, etc. Use for: titles about helping refugees escape repression, slavery, conflicts etc. Use with: NH* codes if appropriate & PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
JBFHMigration, immigration & emigration
Class here: diasporas
1.3
JBFJHuman trafficking
Class here: forced labour, forced marriage, sexual slavery, modern-day slavery, forced prostitution, child labour
See also: NHTS Slavery & abolition of slavery
1.3
JBFKViolence & abuse in society
Class here: violent crime, honour crimes, torture
See also: JKV Crime & criminology
1.3
JBFK1Child abuse
JBFK2Sexual abuse & harassment
Class here: sexual violence, rape, sexual assault
1.3
JBFK3Domestic abuse
Class here: domestic violence, family violence
1.3
JBFK4Bullying & harassment
Class here: mobbing, social media trolling, cyberbullying
1.3
JBFMDisability: social aspects
JBFNHealth, illness & addiction: social aspects
Use with: MBP to indicate social aspects of health systems
1.2
JBFQSocial mobility
JBFSConsumerism
JBFUAnimals & society
Class here: animal rights, vivisection, hunting, etc treated as issues
JBFVEthical issues & debates
See also: QDTQ Ethics & moral philosophy, PSAD Bioethics
1.1
JBFV1Ethical issues: abortion & birth control1.1
JBFV2Ethical issues: capital punishment1.1
JBFV3Ethical issues: censorship1.1
JBFV4Ethical issues: euthanasia & right to die1.1
JBFV5Ethical issues: scientific, technological & medical developments1.1
JBFWSex & sexuality, social aspects
Use for: general interest works on sex & society, pornography and the sex industry, sex work and prostitution
See also: VFVC Sex & sexuality: advice & issues, JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour
1.3
JBFXSocial attitudes
Class here: political correctness
JBFZSocial forecasting, future studies
JBGPopular beliefs & controversial knowledge1.2
JBGBFolklore, myths & legends
Class here: Atlantis, Holy Grail, the Green Man, the Hidden People, etc. Use for: non-fiction studies of traditional stories or material, verbal or customary folklore
See also: FN Myths & fairy tales, QRS* Ancient religions & mythologies, VXQM* Monsters, mythical & legendary beings
1.3
JBGXConspiracy theories
Class here: hoaxes, cover ups etc
1.21.3
JBSSocial groups
JBSASocial classes
JBSCRural communities
JBSDUrban communities
JBSFGender studies, gender groups
JBSF1Gender studies: women & girls
JBSF11Feminism & feminist theory
JBSF2Gender studies: men & boys
JBSF3Gender studies: transgender, transsexual, intersex people1.2
JBSJGay & Lesbian studies / LGBTQ studies
Class here: queer studies, sexual diversity studies. Use with: 5PS* values from INTEREST Qualifiers, as appropriate
See also: JBSF3 Gender studies: transgender, transsexual, intersex people
1.3
JBSLEthnic studies
Use with: 5PB* values from INTEREST Qualifiers, as appropriate
JBSL1Ethnic groups & multicultural studies
Class here: race relations, ethnic minorities
See also: JBFA Social discrimination & equal treatment
1.3
JBSL11Indigenous peoples
JBSL13Mixed heritage / mixed race groups or people1.3
JBSPAge groups & generations1.2
JBSP1Age groups: children
JBSP2Age groups: adolescents
JBSP3Age groups: adults
JBSP4Age groups: the elderly
JBSRSocial groups: religious groups & communities
Use with: 5PG* values from INTEREST Qualifiers and QR* codes as appropriate
JBSWSocial groups: alternative lifestyles
JBSXSecret societies
Class here: freemasonry
See also: QRY* Alternative belief systems, FHQ Esoteric thriller
JBSYSocial groups: clubs & societies
Class here: voluntary association or ‘elective affinities’, how & why people join & associate themselves with specific groups
JHSociology & anthropology
Use for: (all JH* codes) textbooks or academic & specialist works. Use with: other J* codes indicating specific topics where appropriate
JHBSociology
JHBASocial theory
JHBCSocial research & statistics
See also: GPS Research methods: general
JHBDPopulation & demography
JHBKSociology: family & relationships
Class here: sociology of sexual relations
See also: VFV* Family & relationships: advice & issues, JBFW Sex & sexuality, social aspects
JHBLSociology: work & labour
Class here: sociology of employment / unemployment
1.3
JHBSSociology: sport & leisure
JHBZSociology: death & dying
See also: VFJX Coping with death & bereavement
JHMAnthropology1.2
JHMCSocial & cultural anthropology
Class here: ethnography, kinship, customs & traditions
See also: JBCC* Cultural studies
JKSocial services & welfare, criminology
JKSSocial welfare & social services
JKSBWelfare & benefit systems
JKSB1Child welfare
JKSFAdoption & fostering
JKSGCare of the elderly
JKSMCare of the mentally ill
See also: MBPK Mental health services
JKSNSocial work
JKSN1Charities, voluntary services & philanthropy
JKSN2Social counselling & advice services
JKSRAid & relief programmes
JKSWEmergency services
JKSW1Police & security services
JKSW2Fire services
JKSW3Ambulance & rescue services
JKVCrime & criminology
See also: DNXC True crime
JKVCCauses & prevention of crime
JKVFCriminal investigation & detection
JKVF1Forensic science
See also: MKT Forensic medicine, JMK Criminal or forensic psychology
JKVGDrugs trade / drug trafficking
JKVJStreet crime
Class here: mugging, pickpocketing, vandalism, knife crime, gun crime
1.3
JKVKCorporate crime / white-collar crime
Class here: financial crimes, fraud, scams, embezzlement, bribery & corruption etc
1.3
JKVMOrganized crime
Class here: criminal gangs, mafia, banditry, piracy
1.3
JKVPPenology & punishment
Class here: prisons, penitentiaries, penal systems & theories
See also: JWXR Prisoners of war
JKVQOffenders
JKVQ1Rehabilitation of offenders
JKVQ2Juvenile offenders
Class here: juvenile delinquency
JKVSProbation services
JKVVVictimology & victims of crime
Class here: victim’s rights
See also: DNXR True stories of survival of abuse & injustice
1.3
JMPsychology
Use for: (all JM* codes) academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
See also: VSP* Popular psychology
JMAPsychological theory, systems, schools & viewpoints
See also: QDTM Philosophy of mind
1.2
JMAFPsychoanalytical & Freudian psychology
Class here: psychoanalysis
1.2
JMAF1Lacanian psychoanalysis1.3
JMAJAnalytical & Jungian psychology
JMALBehaviourism, Behavioural theory1.2
JMANHumanistic psychology
JMAPPositive psychology1.2
JMAQCognitivism, cognitive theory
JMBPsychological methodology
JMBTPsychological testing & measurement
JMCChild, developmental & lifespan psychology
See also: JNC Educational psychology
JMDPsychology of ageing
JMFFamily psychology
JMGPsychology of gender
JMHSocial, group or collective psychology
JMHCInterpersonal communication & skills
See also: GTC Communication studies
1.3
JMJOccupational & industrial psychology
See also: SCGP Sports psychology
JMKCriminal or forensic psychology
See also: JKV* Crime & criminology
JMLExperimental psychology
JMMPhysiological & neuro-psychology, biopsychology
JMPAbnormal psychology
See also: MKM* Clinical psychology
JMQPsychology: emotions
JMRCognition & cognitive psychology
Class here: psychological works on learning, memory, intelligence, reasoning, perception
JMSPsychology: the self, ego, identity, personality
JMTPsychology: states of consciousness
Class here: psychological works on conscious & unconscious mind; sleep & dreams; altered states of mind, hypnosis, drug-induced, etc
See also: VXN Dreams & their interpretation
JMUPsychology: sexual behaviour
See also: VFVC Sex & sexuality: advice & issues, JBFW Sex & sexuality, social aspects
JMXParapsychological studies
Use for: serious academic works
See also: VXP Psychic powers & psychic phenomena
JNEducation
JNAPhilosophy & theory of education1.1
JNAMMoral & social purpose of education
Use for: works supporting the theories behind education focussed particularly on themes connected to society and behaviour in it
1.11.2
JNBHistory of education
Class here: history of specific schools, colleges, as well as general history
JNCEducational psychology
JNDEducational systems & structures
Class here: issues of selection, admissions, inspection, governance etc
JNDGCurriculum planning & development
JNDHEducation: examinations & assessment
JNESocial pedagogy
Use for: works about social pedagogy as a field of study
1.3
JNFEducational strategies & policy
Class here: teaching strategies for literacy, numeracy etc; policies regarding streaming etc
1.2
JNFCCounselling of students
Class here: pastoral care, student welfare issues, absence, truancy, discipline, etc
1.21.3
JNFKEducational strategies & policy: inclusion
Use for: both formulating policy and practical applications
1.21.3
JNGEarly childhood care & education
Use for: works aimed at professionals dealing with childcare or general works on subject
See also: JNLA Pre-school & kindergarten
1.3
JNHHome schooling
JNKEducational administration & organization1.3
JNKGFunding of education & student finance
JNKHTeaching staff
JNLSchools & pre-schools
See also: VSK Advice on education
1.3
JNLAPre-school & kindergarten
JNLBPrimary & middle schools
Class here: elementary, preparatory, infant & junior schools
JNLCSecondary schools
Class here: senior and high schools
JNLPIndependent schools, private education
JNLRFaith (religious) schools
JNLVOutdoor schools / education
Class here: adventure education, outdoor learning, forest schools. Use for: organized learning that takes place in the outdoors
1.3
JNMHigher & further education, tertiary education
Class here: all advanced & further education; colleges offering vocational, technical or non-degree courses; universities
See also: VSK Advice on education
JNMTTeacher training
JNPAdult education, continuous learning
See also: VSL Adult literacy guides & handbooks, VSN Adult numeracy guides & handbooks
JNQOpen learning, distance education
JNRCareers guidance
JNRDWork experience, placements & internships1.3
JNRVIndustrial or vocational training
Use for: works on industrial / vocational training as a subject. Classify vocational coursework under the appropriate subject
JNSTeaching of students with different educational needs
Class here: special education
1.3
JNSCTeaching of students with physical impairment or disability
Use for: teaching of students with impaired hearing or vision, or any physical disability giving rise to specific educational needs
JNSGTeaching of students with learning difficulties
Use for: teaching of students with dyslexia, dyscalculia, autism, behavioural difficulties, or any mental impairment giving rise to specific educational needs
1.3
JNSLTeaching of students with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties1.3
JNSPTeaching of gifted or talented students1.3
JNSRRemedial education & teaching
Class here: developmental education, compensatory education
1.3
JNTTeaching skills & techniques
Class here: classroom control, mentoring, lesson planning
1.3
JNTCCompetence development1.2
JNTPProject-based learning1.3
JNUTeaching of a specific subject
Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
JNUMTeachers’ classroom resources & material
Class here: interactive resources, teachers’ editions of textbooks, etc. Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
JNUM1Lesson plans
Use with: the code for the subject taught, using YP* Educational codes where appropriate
1.3
JNVEducational equipment & technology, computer-aided learning (CAL)
Class here: media technology in classroom
1.3
JNWExtra-curricular activities
Class here: field trips, school trips, sporting and community activities, events, performances, playtime/mealtime, after-school activities, school clubs etc
1.3
JNZStudy & learning skills: general
JPPolitics & government
JPAPolitical science & theory
JPBComparative politics
JPFPolitical ideologies
JPFBAnarchism
JPFCMarxism & Communism
JPFFSocialism & left-of-centre democratic ideologies
JPFKLiberalism & centre democratic ideologies
JPFMConservatism & right-of-centre democratic ideologies
JPFNNationalism
JPFQFascism & Nazism
JPFRReligious & theocratic ideologies
JPHPolitical structure & processes
JPHCConstitution: government & the state
JPHFElections & referenda
Class here: psephology, voting systems, suffrage
1.3
JPHLPolitical leaders & leadership
JPHVPolitical structures: democracy
JPHXPolitical structures: totalitarianism & dictatorship
JPLPolitical parties
JPNIndigenous people: government1.3
JPPPublic administration
See also: KNV Civil service & public sector
JPQCentral / national / federal government
JPQBCentral / national / federal government policies
See also: KCP Political economy
JPRRegional, state & other local government
Use for: any government within a country that is not municipal or city based (these are within scope of JPT)
See also: JPT Municipal / city government
1.3
JPRBRegional, state & other local government policies
Use for: policy of any government within a country that is not municipal or city based (these are within scope of JPT)
See also: JPT Municipal / city government
1.3
JPSInternational relations
JPSDDiplomacy
JPSFArms negotiation & control
Class here: arms race, arms stockpiling
JPSHEspionage & secret services
JPSLGeopolitics
JPSNInternational institutions
Class here: UN & UN agencies, EU institutions, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations (IGOs and NGOs) etc. Use with: 1QF* values from PLACE Qualifiers if appropriate
See also: GTV Institutions & learned societies: general
1.3
JPTMunicipal / city government
Use for: city regions (eg Greater London or the Bay Area), metropolitan areas or key subdivisions of urban areas such as boroughs
1.21.3
JPVPolitical control & freedoms
Class here: political propaganda
JPVCCivics & citizenship
JPVHHuman rights, civil rights
Class here: freedom of speech, of information, of worship; land rights, etc
See also: LNDC Law: Human rights & civil liberties
JPVRPolitical oppression & persecution
JPWPolitical activism
JPWAPublic opinion & polls
JPWCPolitical campaigning & advertising
JPWGPressure groups, protest movements & non-violent action
Class here: lobbying, demonstrations, civil disobedience, peaceful resistance, active defiance of authority
1.3
JPWHNon-governmental organizations (NGOs)
JPWLTerrorism, armed struggle
Class here: political assassination
See also: JWCG Irregular or guerrilla forces & warfare
1.2
JPWQRevolutionary groups & movements
See also: NHTV Revolutions, uprisings, rebellions
JPWSArmed conflict
Class here: uprisings, armed skirmishes, flashpoints, outbreaks of organized violence short of full-scale war
JPZPolitical corruption
Class here: government and public sector corruption, judicial and police corruption etc
1.3
JWWarfare & defence
JWATheory of warfare & military science
JWCMilitary forces & sectors
JWCDLand forces & warfare
JWCGIrregular or guerrilla forces & warfare
Class here: armed resistance movements. Use with: NHW* codes as appropriate & PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
JWCKNaval forces & warfare
See also: NHTM Maritime history
JWCMAir forces & warfare
JWCSSpecial & elite forces
JWJMilitary administration
Class here: personnel issues, discipline, procurement, funding etc
JWKMilitary & defence strategy
Class here: military tactics, civil defence
JWKFMilitary intelligence
JWLWar & defence operations
See also: NHW* Military history
JWLFBattles & campaigns
JWLPPeacekeeping operations
See also: GTU Peace studies & conflict resolution
JWMWeapons & equipment
Use with: code from JWC* to indicate sector
See also: WCK Militaria, arms & armour
JWMCChemical & biological weapons
JWMNNuclear weapons
JWMVMilitary vehicles
Use with: code from JWC to indicate sector & WG* if appropriate
1.3
JWTMilitary institutions
Class here: regiments, memorials, war cemeteries etc
See also: WCK Militaria, arms & armour, AMG Architecture: public buildings
1.3
JWTUMilitary uniforms / insignia1.3
JWXOther warfare & defence issues
JWXFArms trade
JWXKWar crimes
See also: NHTZ Genocide & ethnic cleansing, NHTZ1 The Holocaust
JWXNMercenaries
JWXRPrisoners of war
JWXTMutiny
JWXVMilitary veterans
JWXZCombat / defence skills & manuals
KEconomics, Finance, Business & Management
KCEconomics
KCAEconomic theory & philosophy
Class here: history of economic thought. Use with: TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.2
KCBMacroeconomics
KCBMMonetary economics
Class here: monetary policy
1.3
KCCMicroeconomics
Class here: economics of domestic trade; consumer activity, business decisions, etc
KCDEconomics of industrial organization
KCFLabour / income economics
Class here: wage & salary policy, pay policy, basic income, earnings, comprehensive income
See also: JBFC Poverty & precarity
1.3
KCGEconomic growth
KCHEconometrics & economic statistics
KCJEconomic forecasting
KCKBehavioural economics
KCLInternational economics
Class here: international finance
See also: RGCM Economic geography
1.3
KCMDevelopment economics & emerging economies
See also: GTP Development studies
KCLTInternational trade & commerce
Class here: International trade agreements
1.3
KCPPolitical economy
KCSEconomic systems & structures
Use for: works on systems such as transitional economies, traditional economies, participatory economics, barter economy, gift economy, etc
1.3
KCSACapitalism
Class here: laissez-faire, market economies, free market
1.3
KCSDMixed economic systems
Class here: social market economies, welfare economies
1.3
KCSGPlanned economic systems
Class here: centrally-planned economies, command economies
1.3
KCVEconomics of specific sectors
KCVDAgricultural economics
KCVGEnvironmental economics
KCVJHealth economics
KCVKWelfare economics
KCVMDigital or internet economics1.3
KCVPKnowledge economics
Class here: information economy
1.3
KCVSUrban economics
KCXEconomic & financial crises & disasters
KCYPopular economics
Use for: accessible works for the general reader
KCZEconomic history
Use with: NH* codes if appropriate & PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
KFFinance & accounting
Use for: (all KF* codes) academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KFCAccounting
See also: UFK Accounting software
KFCCCost accounting
KFCFFinancial accounting
KFCMManagement accounting & bookkeeping
Class here: auditing
KFCPPublic finance accounting
KFCRFinancial reporting, financial statements
KFCXAccounting: study & revision guides
KFFFinance
Class here: general works on the financial services sector, fintech etc but see also U* codes especially UXT for financial technologies
See also: VSB Personal finance
1.3
KFFDPublic finance & taxation
See also: KCP Political economy
KFFHCorporate finance
KFFJCurrency / Foreign exchange
Class here: currency trading, money markets, cryptocurrencies (from a finance/investment aspect) etc
See also: UNKD Distributed ledgers
1.3
KFFKBanking
KFFLCredit & credit institutions
KFFMInvestment & securities
Class here: commodities, stocks & shares, bonds, futures, hedge funds etc
See also: VSB Personal finance
KFFNInsurance & actuarial studies
KFFPPensions
See also: VSR Retirement
KFFRProperty & real estate
See also: VSH Housing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
KFFXBanking & finance: study & revision guides
KJBusiness & Management
Use for: (all KJ* codes) academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer VS* codes for practical advice for the general reader
KJBBusiness studies: general
KJBXBusiness & management: study & revision guides
KJCBusiness strategy
KJDBusiness innovation
KJDDDisruptive innovation
Use for: developments that create new markets and value networks, and typically disrupt and replace existing markets
KJEE-commerce: business aspects
See also: KJSG Web-marketing
KJFBusiness competition
KJGBusiness ethics & social responsibility
KJHEntrepreneurship
KJJBusiness & the environment; ‘green’ approaches to business
KJKInternational business
KJLConsultancy
Class here: getting or giving advice about running a business, including obtaining grants, subsidies, research funding
1.3
KJMManagement & management techniques
See also: VSC Advice on careers & achieving success
KJMBManagement: leadership & motivation
Class here: management of change
1.3
KJMDManagement decision making
See also: GPQ Decision theory: general
KJMKKnowledge management
See also: KCVP Knowledge economics
KJMPProject management
KJMQQuality Assurance (QA) & Total Quality Management (TQM)
KJMTTime management
KJMVManagement of specific areas
KJMV1Budgeting & financial management
KJMV2Personnel & human resources management
See also: VSC Advice on careers & achieving success
KJMV21Performance management / appraisals
See also: VSC Advice on careers & achieving success
1.3
KJMV22Diversity, inclusivity in the workplace1.3
KJMV4Management of real estate, property & plant
KJMV5Production & quality control management
KJMV6Research & development management
KJMV7Sales & marketing management
KJMV8Purchasing & supply management
KJMV9Distribution & logistics management
See also: KNP Retail & wholesale industries
KJNBusiness negotiation
KJPBusiness communication & presentation
KJQBusiness mathematics & systems
KJRCorporate governance: role & responsibilities of boards & directors
Class here: role & responsibilities of company secretary etc
See also: KJG Business ethics & social responsibility
1.1
KJSSales & marketing
See also: KJMV7 Sales & marketing management
KJSAAdvertising
Class here: Advertising industry
1.3
KJSCBrands & branding
KJSGWeb-marketing
Class here: use of social media and online resources to market products
See also: KJE E-commerce: business aspects
KJSJDirect marketing / telemarketing1.3
KJSMMarket research
KJSPPublic relations
KJSUCustomer services
KJTOperational research
KJUOrganizational theory & behaviour
Class here: Organizational change management (OCM)
1.3
KJVOwnership & organization of enterprises
KJVBTakeovers, mergers & buy-outs
KJVDPrivatization
KJVFFranchises
KJVGMultinationals
KJVNPublic ownership / nationalization
KJVPMonopolies
KJVSSmall businesses & self-employment
Class here: creating & setting up your own business, freelancing
1.3
KJVTOutsourcing
KJVVJoint ventures
KJVWEmployee-ownership & co-operatives
KJVXNon-profitmaking organizations
KJWOffice & workplace
KJWBOffice management
KJWFOffice systems & equipment
KJWSSecretarial, clerical & office skills
KJWXWorking patterns & practices
Class here: teleworking, call centres, etc
KJZHistory of specific companies / corporate history
See also: NHTK Industrialization & industrial history
KNIndustry & industrial studies
Use for: (all KN* codes) studies of whole sectors or works that look at aspects of these topics from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNAAgribusiness & primary industries
Use for: general works on these sectors or industries that do not have their own separate codes
See also: KCVD Agricultural economics
1.3
KNACAgriculture, agribusiness & food production industries
Use for: titles about the agriculture & food production sector from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TV* Agriculture & farming
1.3
KNAFFisheries & related industries
Class here: whaling industry. Use for: titles about fishing sector from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TVT Aquaculture & fish-farming: practice & techniques
1.3
KNALForestry industry
Use for: titles about the business or industry of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forest and related resources
See also: TVR Forestry & silviculture: practice & techniques, TDPJ Timber & wood processing
1.3
KNATExtractive industries
Class here: mining, drilling, dredging and quarrying. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TTU Mining technology & engineering, RBGL Economic geology
1.3
KNBEnergy industries & utilities
Use for: general works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TH* Energy technology & engineering
1.3
KNBLElectrical power generation & distribution industries
Class here: public & private utility companies, nuclear power industry etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: THY* Energy, power generation, distribution & storage
1.3
KNBPPetroleum, oil & gas industries
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: RBGL Economic geology, TDCF Fuels & petrochemicals
1.3
KNBTAlternative & renewable energy industries
Use for: works on the renewable energy industry (hydroelectrical, wind, solar, wave etc ) from a business, industrial studies perspective
See also: THV Alternative & renewable energy sources & technology
1.3
KNBWWater industries
Class here: public & private utility companies, drinking water & waste water industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TQSR Waste treatment & disposal, TQSW Water supply & treatment
1.3
KNDManufacturing industries
Use for: general works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TDP* Other manufacturing technologies
1.3
KNDCChemical, biotechnology & pharmaceutical industries
Class here: petrochemical, plastics industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TDC* Industrial chemistry & chemical engineering
1.3
KNDDApparel, garment & textile industries
Use for: titles about the business or industry of manufacturing clothing, cloth etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TDPF Textiles & fibres, AKT Fashion & textiles
1.3
KNDRVehicle manufacturing industries
Class here: car industry, shipbuilding, aviation industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective. Use with WG* codes to indicate what type of vehicle if appropriate
See also: TR* Transport technology & trades
1.3
KNGTransport industries
Class here: all transport industries; road, shipping, railway, aerospace, air etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective. Use with WG* codes to indicate what type of vehicle if appropriate
See also: WG* Transport: general interest, KNDR Vehicle manufacturing industries, TR* Transport technology & trades
1.3
KNJConstruction & heavy industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNJCConstruction & building industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TN* Civil engineering, surveying & building
1.3
KNJHIron, steel & other metal industries
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TDPM Metals technology / metallurgy
1.3
KNPRetail & wholesale industries
Class here: Distribution, warehousing business. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: KJMV9 Distribution & logistics management
1.3
KNSHospitality & service industries
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TTVC Hotel, hospitality & catering trades
1.3
KNSBFood & drink service industries
Class here: catering industry
See also: TTVC2 Catering & food preparation skills & trades, TDCT Food & beverage technology
1.3
KNSGHospitality, leisure & tourism industries
Class here: hotel industry. Use for: titles about the business or industry of leisure
See also: TTVC Hotel, hospitality & catering trades, WT* Travel & holiday
1.3
KNSJEvents management industry
Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
1.3
KNSXFashion & beauty industries
Class here: make up, perfume industries. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: TTVH Hairdressing, salon & beauty therapy skills, AKT Fashion & textiles, JBCC3 Cultural studies: fashion & society, WJF Fashion & style guides, KNDD Apparel, garment & textile industries
1.3
KNTMedia, entertainment, information & communication industries
Class here: postal, telecommunications industries etc. Use for: works that look at these sectors from a business or industrial studies perspective
See also: GTC Communication studies, JBCT Media studies
1.3
KNTCFilm, TV & Radio industries
Class here: video industry
1.11.3
KNTFMusic industry
Class here: recorded and live music sectors, music publishing
1.1
KNTPPublishing industry & journalism1.2
KNTP1Publishing & book trade
Class here: print, e-book & digital publishing, journals
1.2
KNTP2News media & journalism
Class here: print and online news, newspapers & magazines
1.2
KNTVComputer & video game industry
Class here: Interactive entertainment industry
1.3
KNTXInformation technology industries
Class here: tech sector, tech industry, Silicon Valley
See also: KJE E-commerce: business aspects
1.3
KNVCivil service & public sector
See also: JPP Public administration
KNXIndustrial relations, occupational health & safety
Class here: trade unions, industrial action, industrial arbitration & negotiation, industrial health & safety etc. Use for: all industrial and commercial workplaces, not specifically manufacturing or heavy industry
1.3
KNXCHealth & safety in the workplace1.11.3
KNXNIndustrial arbitration & negotiation1.1
KNXUTrade unions
Class here: labour unions, organized labour
1.11.3
LLaw
LAJurisprudence & general issues
LABMethods, theory & philosophy of law
LAFSystems of law
LAFCSystems of law: common law
LAFDSystems of law: civil codes / civil law
LAFRSystems of law: Roman law
LAFSSystems of law: Islamic law
See also: LW Shariah law
LAFTSystems of law: Jewish Law
LAFXSystems of law: ecclesiastical (canon) law
LAMComparative law
LAQLaw & society, sociology of law
LAQGLaw & society, gender issues
LARLegal aspects of criminology
LASLegal skills & practice
LASDLegal skills: advocacy
LASHLegal skills: drafting & legal writing
Class here: academic legal writing
1.3
LASKLegal skills: negotiating and interviewing
Class here: legal skills: oral communication
1.3
LASNLegal skills: research methods
Class here: legal skills: using online tools, legal databases etc
1.3
LASPLegal practice: paralegals & paralegalism
LATLegal profession: general
See also: LNAL Legal systems: regulation of legal profession
LATCLegal ethics & professional conduct
LAYLaw as it applies to other professions & disciplines
See also: VSD Law, citizenship & rights for the lay person
LAZLegal history
LBInternational law
LBBPublic international law
LBBCPublic international law: treaties & other sources
LBBC1Public International law: customary law
LBBDPublic international law: diplomatic law
LBBFPublic international law: jurisdiction & immunities
LBBJPublic international law: territory & statehood
LBBKPublic international law: law of the sea
Class here: law concerning maritime boundaries, marine resources, etc as it affects sovereign states
See also: LBDM International law, transport & commerce: maritime law, LNCB5 Shipping law
LBBLPublic International law: health
LBBMPublic international law: economic & trade
LBBM1Public international law, economic & trade: tariffs
LBBM3Public international law, economic & trade: investment treaties & disputes
LBBM5Public international law: energy & natural resources
LBBM7Public international law, economic & trade: corporations
LBBPPublic international law: environment
LBBP1Public international law, environment: agricultural law
LBBQPublic international law: administration
LBBRPublic international law: human rights
LBBR1Public international law, human rights: labour & social
LBBSPublic international law: humanitarian law
Class here: refugee law, law of war
LBBUPublic international law: international organizations & institutions
LBBVPublic international law: responsibility of states & other entities
LBBZPublic international law: criminal law
LBDInternational law: transport, communications & commerce
LBDAInternational law, transport: space & aerospace law
LBDKInternational law: transnational commerce & international sale of goods law
LBDMInternational law, transport & commerce: maritime law
Class here: law concerning shipping, cargo, insurance, piracy etc as it affects commercial bodies but not sovereign states
See also: LBBK Public international law: law of the sea, LNCB5 Shipping law
LBDTInternational law: communications, telecommunications & media
LBGPrivate international law & conflict of laws
LBHInternational law: international disputes & civil procedure
LBHGInternational law: courts & procedures
LBHTInternational law: arbitration
LBJInternational law: intellectual property
LBKInternational law: sports
LBLInternational law reports
LNLaws of specific jurisdictions & specific areas of law
Use with: (all LN* codes) PLACE Qualifiers 1* to indicate jurisdiction, as appropriate
LNALegal systems: general
LNAALegal systems: courts & procedures
LNAA1Legal systems: judicial powers
LNAA2Legal systems: law of contempt
LNACLegal systems: civil procedure, litigation & dispute resolution
See also: LNFX Criminal procedure
LNAC1Civil remedies
LNAC12Restitution
LNAC14Damages & compensation
LNAC16Injunctions & other orders
LNAC3Civil procedure: law of evidence
LNAC4Civil procedure: investigation & specific proceedings
LNAC5Arbitration, mediation & alternative dispute resolution
LNAFLegal systems: costs & funding
LNALLegal systems: regulation of legal profession
LNBPrivate or civil law: general
LNBALegal entity (natural & legal persons)
LNBBCivil registration system
LNCCompany, commercial & competition law: general
LNCBCommercial law
LNCB1Franchising law
LNCB2E-commerce law
LNCB3Sale of goods law
LNCB4Outsourcing law
LNCB5Shipping law
Use for: domestic law governing maritime activities
See also: LBDM International law, transport & commerce: maritime law, LBBK Public international law: law of the sea
1.3
LNCB6Aviation law
LNCB7Catering, restaurants & crafts law
LNCCRegulatory compliance
LNCDCompany law
LNCD1Mergers & acquisitions law
LNCERegistry & proceedings law
LNCFPartnership & cooperative law
LNCGTransformation law, change of corporate form
LNCHCompetition law / Antitrust law
LNCJContract law
LNCKCompany & business offences
LNCLAgency law
LNCNProcurement law
LNCQConstruction & engineering law
LNCQ1Private construction & engineering law
LNCQ2Public construction law
LNCREnergy & natural resources law
LNDConstitutional & administrative law: general
LNDACitizenship & nationality law
LNDA1Immigration law
LNDA3Asylum law
LNDBAdministrative jurisdiction & public administration
LNDB1Administrative law, general
LNDB2Administrative procedure & courts
LNDB3State & public properties & assets
LNDB4Sanctioning power of the administration
LNDB5Compulsory expropriation, compulsory purchase, eminent domain
LNDB6Making of rules & administrative acts
LNDB7Regulation of public services
See also: LNCN Procurement law
1.2
LNDB8Law of science & research, university college law
See also: PDJ Regulation of science & experimentation
LNDCLaw: Human rights & civil liberties
See also: JPVH Human rights, civil rights
1.3
LNDC1Constitutional law & human rights
LNDC2Privacy law
LNDC4Freedom of expression law
LNDC5History of constitution & comparative constitutional law
LNDECivil &Public Servants law1.3
LNDFFreedom of information law
LNDGReligious law & concordats
LNDHGovernment powers
LNDJState liability & compensation law
LNDKMilitary & defence law & civilian service law
LNDLSafety & police law, regulatory & weapons law
LNDMJudicial review
LNDPParliamentary & legislative practice
LNDSElection law
LNDULocal government law
LNDVRegional government law
LNDXConstitution
LNEEconomic administrative law & public commercial law
LNEAFinancial administration & public finance law
LNEBForeign economics & customs law
LNECLaw of allowances & subsidies
LNEFPublic procurement, services & supplies
LNFCriminal law: procedure & offences
LNFBCriminal justice law
LNFGCriminal law: offences against the government
LNFG1Offences against the State, against public administration & the administration of justice
LNFG2Offences against land use & city planning, monument, land & environment protection
LNFJCriminal law: offences against the person
LNFJ1Harassment & stalking
LNFJ2Gender violence
LNFLCriminal law: offences against property
LNFNFraud
LNFQJuvenile criminal law
LNFROffences against public health, safety, order
LNFSCriminal law: additional penalty law
LNFTRoad traffic law, motoring offences
LNFUCriminal law: fiscal offences
LNFVCriminal law: terrorism law
LNFWCorruption
LNFXCriminal procedure
LNFX1Sentencing & punishment
LNFX3Criminal procedure: law of evidence
LNFX31Criminal procedure: investigation & specific proceedings
LNFX5Police law & police procedures
LNFX51Police law: preliminary injunction
LNFX7Prison law
LNFYJury trials
LNHEmployment & labour law: general
LNHDDiscrimination in employment & harassment law
LNHHOccupational health & safety law, working time law
LNHJLabour rules violations & penalties
LNHRIndustrial relations & trade unions law
LNHUEmployment contracts
LNHWLaw of professional training
LNHXEmployment & labour law: procedure, dispute resolution
LNJEntertainment & media law
LNJDDefamation law, slander & libel
LNJSSport & the law
LNJXAdvertising, marketing & sponsorship law
LNKEnvironment, transport & planning law: general
LNKFAgricultural law
LNKGAnimal law
LNKJEnvironment law
LNKKDisaster control & fire protection law
LNKNNature conservation law
LNKPWater & wastewater law
LNKTTransport law
LNKVWays & highways law
LNKWPlanning law
LNKXProtection of historic buildings & cultural assets
LNLLaw: equity & trusts, foundations
LNMFamily law
LNMBFamily law: marriage, separation & divorce
LNMCFamily law: cohabitation
LNMFFamily law: same-sex partnership
LNMIFamily law: financial statement between spouses
LNMKFamily law: children
LNPFinancial law: general
LNPAAccounting & auditing law
LNPBBanking law
LNPCBankruptcy & insolvency
Class here: judicial and related approaches to winding up or restructuring companies with financial issues
1.2
LNPC1Bankruptcy law: extrajudicial procedures
Class here: approaches to company financial issues beyond the judicial e.g. voluntary arrangements
1.2
LNPDCapital markets & securities law & regulation
LNPFFinancial services law & regulation
LNPNInsurance law
LNPPPensions, old-age provisions & private compensation
LNQIT & Communications law / Postal laws & regulations
See also: LNCB2 E-commerce law
LNQDData protection law
LNQEComputer crime, cybercrime
LNRIntellectual property law
LNRCCopyright law
LNRDPatents law
LNRFTrademarks law
LNRLDesigns law
LNRVConfidential information law
LNSProperty law: general
See also: LNKW Planning law
LNSHLand & real estate law
LNSH1Ownership & mortgage law
LNSH3Landlord & tenant law
LNSH5Conveyancing law
LNSH7Rating & valuation law
LNSH9Housing law
LNSPPersonal property law
LNTSocial law & Medical law
LNTCCharity law
LNTDEducation law
LNTHSocial security & welfare law
LNTH1Social insurance law
LNTJPublic health & safety law
LNTMMedical & healthcare law
LNTM1Mental health law
LNTM2Regulation of medicines & medical devices
LNTNPharmaceutical law
LNTQDisability & the law
LNTSLaw & the elderly
LNTUConsumer protection law
LNTVFood law
LNTXLicensing, gaming & club law
LNUTaxation & duties law
LNUCCorporate & business tax
LNUDLocal taxation, charges, public prices, excise duties
LNUPPersonal tax
LNUSSales tax, tariffs & customs duties
LNUTTrusts & estates taxation, gift tax
LNUUReal estate tax, property valuation
LNUVExcise taxes
LNUWOther transaction taxes
LNUXInternational taxation law
LNUYTaxation procedure
LNVLaw of torts, damages & compensation
See also: LNAC14 Damages & compensation
LNVCNegligence
Use for: both general & professional negligence
LNVFNuisance
LNVJPersonal injury
LNWLaw: wills, probate, succession
LNXPublic Law1.2
LNZPrimary sources of law
LNZCSources of law: case law, precedent
LNZLSources of law: legislation
LWShariah law
LWFShariah law: four Schools of Fiqh
LWFAShariah law: Al-Shafi’i School of Fiqh
LWFBShariah law: Al-Hanbali School of Fiqh
LWFCShariah law: Al-Maaliki School of Fiqh
LWFDShariah law: Al-Hanafi School of Fiqh
LWKShariah law: key topics & practice
LWKFShariah law: family relations
LWKGShariah law: crime & punishment
LWKHShariah law: inheritance & disposal of property
LWKLShariah law: economics & finance
LWKMShariah law: dietary
LWKNShariah law: alcohol & gambling
LWKPShariah law: customs & behaviour
LWKRShariah law: administration of justice (including penalties & apostasy)
Class here: fatwa
1.3
LWKTShariah law: Islamic rituals
LWKT1Shariah law: Islamic rituals: purification
LWKT2Shariah law: Islamic rituals: jihad
LWKT3Shariah law: Islamic rituals: prayer & funeral prayer
LWKT4Shariah law: Islamic rituals: zakat (alms)
LWKT5Shariah law: Islamic rituals: fasting
LWKT6Shariah law: Islamic rituals: pilgrimage
LXLaw: study & revision guides
MMedicine & Nursing
MBMedicine: general issues
MBDMedical profession
MBDCMedical ethics & professional conduct
MBDPDoctor/patient relationship
MBDSPatient safety
Use for: professional and specialist works concerning procedures, safeguards, standards & training designed to ensure the safety & welfare of patients within healthcare systems
See also: MJCJ3 Hospital infections
1.1
MBFMedical & health informatics
See also: PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics
MBGMedical equipment & techniques
MBGLMedical laboratory testing & techniques
MBGRMedical research
MBGR1Clinical trials
MBGTTelemedicine
MBNPublic health & preventive medicine
MBNCMedical screening
Class here: mass screening, high-risk or selective screening of populations or groups
1.3
MBNHPersonal & public health / health education
Class here: specialist & professional works on health education, patient education, training for health education specialists
1.3
MBNH1Hygiene
MBNH2Environmental factors
MBNH3Dietetics & nutrition
MBNH4Birth control, contraception, family planning
MBNH9Health psychology
MBNKVaccination1.3
MBNSEpidemiology & medical statistics
MBPHealth systems & services
MBPAPrimary care medicine, primary health care
MBPCGeneral practice
MBPKMental health services
MBPMMedical administration & management
MBPNResidential care
Class here: elder care, convalescent home, hospices, nursing home, skilled nursing facility (SNF), care home, rest home or intermediate care
See also: JKSG Care of the elderly, MQCL4 Geriatric nursing, MQCL9 Terminal care nursing
1.21.3
MBPRMedical insurance
MBQMedicolegal issues
MBSMedical sociology
MBXHistory of medicine
See also: NHTF History: plagues, diseases etc
MFPre-clinical medicine: basic sciences
See also: PSB Biochemistry
MFCAnatomy
MFCCCytology
MFCHHistology
MFCRRegional anatomy
MFCXDissection
MFGPhysiology
MFGCCellular physiology
MFGGRegional physiology
MFGMMetabolism
MFGVBiomechanics, human kinetics
Class here: exercise physiology
See also: SCGF Sport science, physical education
MFKHuman reproduction, growth & development
MFKCReproductive medicine
MFKC1Infertility & fertilization
Class here: assisted reproductive technology, IVF
1.3
MFKC3Embryology
MFKHHuman growth & development
MFKH3Maturation & ageing
MFNMedical genetics
MJClinical & internal medicine
MJAMedical diagnosis
MJADExamination of patients
MJCDiseases & disorders
MJCGCongenital diseases & disorders
MJCG1Hereditary diseases & disorders
MJCJInfectious & contagious diseases
MJCJ1Venereal diseases
MJCJ2HIV/AIDS
MJCJ3Hospital infections
See also: MBDS Patient safety
MJCLOncology
MJCL1Radiotherapy
MJCL2Chemotherapy
MJCMImmunology
MJCM1Allergies
MJDCardiovascular medicine
MJEMusculoskeletal medicine
See also: MNS Surgical orthopaedics & fractures
MJFHaematology
MJGEndocrinology
MJGDDiabetes
MJHGastroenterology
MJJHepatology
MJKDermatology
MJLRespiratory medicine
MJMRheumatology
MJPOtorhinolaryngology (ENT)
MJPDAudiology & otology
MJQOphthalmology
MJRRenal medicine & nephrology
MJRDHaemodialysis
MJSUrology & urogenital medicine
Class here: male sexual dysfunction
MKMedical specialties, branches of medicine
MKAAnaesthetics
MKALPain & pain management
MKBPalliative medicine
MKCGynaecology & obstetrics
MKCMMaterno-foetal medicine / perinatology1.3
MKDPaediatric medicine
MKDNNeonatal medicine
MKEDentistry
MKEPOral & maxillofacial surgery
MKFPathology
MKFCCytopathology
MKFHHistopathology
Class here: biopsy
MKFKChronic disease1.2
MKFMMedical microbiology & virology
MKFPMedical parasitology
MKFSPsychosomatics1.2
MKGPharmacology
MKGTMedical toxicology
MKGWPsychopharmacology
MKHRegenerative medicine1.1
MKHCRegenerative medicine: stem cells1.11.2
MKJNeurology & clinical neurophysiology
MKJAAutism & Asperger’s Syndrome
MKJDAlzheimer’s & dementia
MKLPsychiatry
MKLDPsychiatric & mental disorders1.3
MKMClinical psychology
See also: JMP Abnormal psychology
MKMTPsychotherapy
MKMT1Psychotherapy: general
MKMT2Psychotherapy: group
MKMT3Psychotherapy: child & adolescent
MKMT4Psychotherapy: couples & families
MKMT5Psychotherapy: counselling
MKMT6Cognitive behavioural therapy
MKNGeriatric medicine
MKPAccident & emergency medicine
MKPBTrauma & shock
Class here: post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
1.3
MKPDBurns
MKPLIntensive care medicine
MKRNuclear medicine
MKSMedical imaging
See also: TTBM Imaging systems & technology
MKSFMedical imaging: ultrasonics1.3
MKSGMedical imaging: nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR / MRI)1.3
MKSHMedical imaging: radiology1.3
MKSJMedical imaging: tomography1.3
MKTForensic medicine
MKVEnvironmental medicine
MKVBAviation & space medicine
MKVDDiving & hyperbaric medicine
MKVPOccupational medicine
See also: KNX Industrial relations, occupational health & safety
MKVQTravel medicine / emporiatrics1.3
MKVTTropical medicine
MKWSports injuries & medicine
See also: SCGF Sport science, physical education
MKZTherapy & therapeutics
See also: MJCL1 Radiotherapy, MJCL2 Chemotherapy, MKMT* Psychotherapy, MQS Physiotherapy, MQT* Occupational therapy
MKZDEating disorders & therapy
MKZFObesity: treatment & therapy
MKZLSpeech & language disorders & therapy
MKZRAddiction & therapy
MKZSSleep disorders & therapy
MKZVGene therapy
MNSurgery
See also: MKEP Oral & maxillofacial surgery
MNBSurgical techniques
MNCGeneral surgery
MNDAbdominal surgery
MNGGastrointestinal & colorectal surgery
MNHCardiothoracic surgery
MNJVascular surgery
MNKSurgical oncology
MNLCritical care surgery
MNNNeurosurgery
MNPPlastic & reconstructive surgery
MNPCCosmetic surgery
MNQTransplant surgery
MNSSurgical orthopaedics & fractures
See also: MJE Musculoskeletal medicine
MNZPeri-operative care
MQNursing & ancillary services
MQCNursing
MQCANursing fundamentals & skills
MQCBNursing research & theory
MQCHNurse/patient relationship
MQCLNursing specialties
MQCL1Accident & emergency nursing
MQCL2Intensive care nursing
MQCL3Paediatric nursing
MQCL4Geriatric nursing
MQCL5Psychiatric nursing
MQCL6Surgical nursing
MQCL9Terminal care nursing
MQCMNursing pharmacology
MQCWNursing sociology
MQCXCommunity nursing
MQCZNursing management & leadership
MQDMidwifery
MQDBBirthing methods
MQFFirst aid & paramedical services
MQGMedical assistants1.3
MQHRadiography
MQKChiropody & podiatry
MQPPharmacy / dispensing
MQROptometry / opticians
MQSPhysiotherapy
MQTOccupational therapy
MQTCCreative therapy (eg art, music, drama)
MQUMedical counselling
MQVRehabilitation
MQVBRehabilitation: brain & spinal injuries
MQWBiomedical engineering
MQWBOrthotics
MQWPProsthetics
MQZMortuary practice
MRMedical study & revision guides & reference material
MRGMedical study & revision guides
Use with: PLACE 1* or EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* qualifiers for medical exams as appropriate
1.3
MRGDMedical revision aids: MRCP
MRGKMedical revision aids: MRCS
MRGLMedical revision aids: PLAB
MRTMedical charts, colour atlases
MXComplementary medicine
Use for: (all MX* codes) works for medical students & practitioners. Prefer VXH* codes for popular & Mind, Body, Spirit treatments
See also: VXH* Complementary therapies, healing & health
MXHChiropractic & osteopathy
MZVeterinary medicine
MZCVeterinary medicine: small animals (pets)
MZDVeterinary medicine: large animals (domestic / farm)
MZDHEquine veterinary medicine
MZFVeterinary medicine: laboratory animals
MZGVeterinary medicine: exotic & zoo animals
MZHVeterinary anatomy & physiology
MZKVeterinary pathology & histology
MZLVeterinary nutrition
MZMVeterinary medicine: infectious diseases & therapeutics
MZMPVeterinary bacteriology, virology, parasitology
MZPVeterinary pharmacology
MZRVeterinary radiology
MZSVeterinary surgery
MZSNVeterinary anaesthetics
MZTVeterinary dentistry
MZVVeterinary nursing
MZXComplementary medicine for animals
NHistory & Archaeology
NHHistory
Use for: general history of broad topics, places etc. Use with: appropriate Subject category, but prefer ‘history of’ categories from within that subject where they exist, eg PDX History of science, QRAX history of Religion or KCZ Economic History. Use with: (all NH* codes) other subject codes to give more detail and also PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHAHistory: theory & methods
NHAHHistoriography
NHAPHistorical research: source documents
See also: CFL Palaeography
NHBGeneral & world history
Use for: works that take a truly global view of history and that do not fit into a more precise history category. For general or global history of specific topics, use with an appropriate subject category, but prefer ‘history of’ categories from within that subject where they exist
NHCAncient history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDEuropean history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDAEuropean history: the Romans
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDCEuropean history: the Celts
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDEEuropean history: the Vikings
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDGEuropean history: the Normans
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDJEuropean history: medieval period, middle ages
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDLEuropean history: Renaissance
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHDNEuropean history: Reformation
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHFAsian history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHGMiddle Eastern history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHHAfrican history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHHAAfrican history: pre-colonial period
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHKHistory of the Americas
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHKAHistory of the Americas: pre-Columbian period
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHMAustralasian & Pacific history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NHQHistory of specific lands
Use for: titles not covered by other NH* codes. Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.2
NHTHistory: specific events & topics
Use with: (all NHT* codes) regional NH* codes where possible and other subject codes to give more detail and also PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHTBSocial & cultural history
NHTDOral history
NHTFHistory: plagues, diseases etc
See also: MBX History of medicine
NHTGGenealogy, heraldry, names & honours
See also: WQY Family history, tracing ancestors, VFXB1 Baby names: guides for parents, GTT Flags, emblems, symbols, logos
NHTKIndustrialization & industrial history
See also: KJZ History of specific companies / corporate history
NHTMMaritime history
NHTPHistorical geography
NHTP1Historical maps & atlases
See also: RGXB World atlases / world maps
NHTQColonialism & imperialism
NHTRNational liberation & independence, post-colonialism
Class here: decolonisation
1.3
NHTSSlavery & abolition of slavery
NHTTInvasion & occupation
NHTVRevolutions, uprisings, rebellions
See also: JPWQ Revolutionary groups & movements
NHTWThe Cold War
NHTZGenocide & ethnic cleansing
NHTZ1The Holocaust
NHWMilitary history
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
See also: JW* Warfare & defence
NHWAAncient warfare
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWFEarly modern warfare (including gunpowder warfare)
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWLModern warfare
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWRSpecific wars & campaigns
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR1Specific battles
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR3Civil wars
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR5First World War
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR7Second World War
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NHWR9Military history: post-WW2 conflicts
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
NKArchaeology
NKAArchaeological theory
NKDArchaeology by period / region
Use with: relevant PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
NKLLandscape archaeology
NKPEnvironmental archaeology
NKRUnderwater archaeology
NKTIndustrial archaeology
NKVBattlefield archaeology
NKXArchaeological science, methodology & techniques
PMathematics & Science
PBMathematics
PBBPhilosophy of mathematics
PBCMathematical foundations
PBCDMathematical logic
PBCHSet theory
PBCNNumber systems
PBDDiscrete mathematics
Class here: finite mathematics
PBFAlgebra
PBGGroups & group theory
PBHNumber theory
PBJPre-calculus
PBKCalculus & mathematical analysis
PBKACalculus
PBKBReal analysis, real variables
PBKDComplex analysis, complex variables
PBKFFunctional analysis & transforms
Class here: Fourier, Hilbert, Laplace, Z transforms
PBKJDifferential calculus & equations
PBKLIntegral calculus & equations
PBKQCalculus of variations
PBKSNumerical analysis
PBMGeometry
PBMBTrigonometry
PBMHEuclidean geometry
PBMLNon-Euclidean geometry
PBMPDifferential & Riemannian geometry
PBMSAnalytic geometry
PBMWAlgebraic geometry
PBMXFractal geometry
PBPTopology
PBPDAlgebraic topology
PBPHAnalytic topology
PBTProbability & statistics
PBTBBayesian inference
PBUOptimization
PBUDGame theory
PBUHLinear programming
PBVCombinatorics & graph theory
PBWApplied mathematics
See also: TBJ Maths for engineers, PDE Maths for scientists, UYAM Maths for computer scientists
PBWHMathematical modelling
PBWLStochastics
PBWRNonlinear science
PBWSChaos theory
PBWXFuzzy set theory
PBXHistory of mathematics
PDScience: general issues
PDAPhilosophy of science
PDCScientific nomenclature & classification
PDDScientific standards, measurement etc
PDEMaths for scientists
See also: PBW Applied mathematics
PDGIndustrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation
PDJRegulation of science & experimentation
Use for: works on regulation, whether legal or directed by other bodies or authorities, aimed at scientists and practitioners. Use with: other P* code indicating area of science where appropriate
See also: LNDB8 Law of science & research, university college law
1.11.3
PDKScience funding & policy
PDMScientific research
PDNScientific equipment, experiments & techniques
PDRImpact of science & technology on society
Use with: appropriate code from Section J* wherever possible
1.1
PDTNanosciences
Use for: nanomaterials, nanomaterial synthesis, nanoparticle chemistry
See also: TBN Nanotechnology
1.11.3
PDXHistory of science
See also: TBX History of engineering & technology
PDZPopular science
Use with: other P* code indicating area of science given popular treatment
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space, WNW* The Earth: natural history: general interest
PDZMPopular and recreational mathematics
Use with: other PB* codes indicating the area of maths given popular treatment as appropriate
1.3
PGAstronomy, space & time
See also: TTD* Space science
PGCTheoretical & mathematical astronomy
See also: PHVB Astrophysics
PGGAstronomical observation: observatories, equipment & methods
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
PGKCosmology & the universe
PGMGalaxies & stars
PGSSolar system: the Sun & planets
PGTAstronomical charts & atlases
PGZTime (chronology), time systems & standards
PHPhysics
PHDClassical mechanics
PHDBElementary mechanics
PHDDAnalytical mechanics
PHDFPhysics: Fluid mechanics1.3
PHDSWave mechanics (vibration & acoustics)
PHDTDynamics & statics
PHDVGravity
PHDYEnergy
PHFMaterials / States of matter
PHFBLow temperature physics
PHFCCondensed matter physics (liquid state & solid state physics)
PHFC1Soft matter physics
PHFC2Mesoscopic physics
PHFGPhysics of gases
PHFPPlasma physics
PHHThermodynamics & heat
PHJOptical physics
PHJLLaser physics
PHKElectricity, electromagnetism & magnetism
PHMAtomic & molecular physics
PHNNuclear physics
PHPParticle & high-energy physics
PHQQuantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory)
PHRRelativity physics
Class here: physics of time
1.2
PHSStatistical physics
PHUMathematical physics
PHVApplied physics
PHVBAstrophysics
PHVDMedical physics
PHVGGeophysics
See also: RBG* Geology, geomorphology & the lithosphere
PHVJAtmospheric physics
PHVNBiophysics
PHVQChemical physics
PHVSCryogenics
PNChemistry
See also: TDC Industrial chemistry & chemical engineering, TQ* Environmental science, engineering & technology
PNBMedicinal chemistry
Class here: drug discovery and design, drug development
See also: MKG Pharmacology
1.1
PNCEnvironmental chemistry
Class here: atmospheric, soil and water chemistry, chemical pollution and remediation. Use TQ* for practical applications of environmental chemistry
See also: RBGK Geochemistry, TQ* Environmental science, engineering & technology
1.1
PNDFood chemistry
Use TDCT2 for practical applications of food chemistry
See also: TDCT2 Food & beverage processing & engineering
1.1
PNFAnalytical chemistry
PNFCChromatography
PNFRMagnetic resonance
PNFSSpectrum analysis, spectrochemistry, mass spectrometry
PNKInorganic chemistry
PNNOrganic chemistry
PNNDOrganometallic chemistry
PNNPPolymer chemistry
PNRPhysical chemistry
PNRAComputational chemistry1.1
PNRCColloid chemistry
PNRDCatalysis
PNRD1Bio-catalysis1.1
PNREExperimental chemistry1.2
PNRHElectrochemistry & magnetochemistry
Class here: battery chemistry
1.2
PNRLNuclear chemistry, photochemistry & radiation
PNRPQuantum & theoretical chemistry
PNRRPhysical organic chemistry1.1
PNRSSolid state chemistry
PNRWThermochemistry & chemical thermodynamics
PNRXSurface chemistry & adsorption
PNTCrystallography
PNVChemistry of minerals, crystals & gems1.2
PSBiology, life sciences
Use for: (all PS* codes) academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer WN* codes for natural history etc for the general reader
See also: WN* Nature & the natural world: general interest
PSALife sciences: general issues
PSABTaxonomy & systematics
PSADBioethics
Use for: issues surrounding the ethics of practices typically connected to new developments in biology and medicine
See also: MBDC Medical ethics & professional conduct, JBFV Ethical issues & debates
1.2
PSAFEcological science, the Biosphere
Use for: comprehensive scientific, objective & descriptive works on living organisms & their relationship with their environment
See also: RNC Applied ecology
PSAGXenobiotics
PSAJEvolution
PSAKGenetics (non-medical)
Class here: DNA, Genome etc
See also: TCBG Genetic engineering, MFN Medical genetics
PSANNeurosciences
Use MKMT6 “Cognitive behavioural therapy” for therapeutic aspects of neuroscience
See also: MKJ Neurology & clinical neurophysiology, GTK Cognitive studies, MKMT6 Cognitive behavioural therapy
1.1
PSAN1Cellular & molecular neuroscience1.1
PSAN2Developmental neuroscience1.1
PSAN3Neuroimaging & neuroanatomy1.1
PSAN4Sensory & motor systems1.1
PSAN5Cognitive & behavioural neuroscience1.1
PSAXComputational biology / bioinformatics
See also: MBF Medical & health informatics
PSBBiochemistry
Class here: biochemical immunology, non-medical toxicology, enzymology, lipids etc
PSCDevelopmental biology
PSDMolecular biology
PSEChemical biology
Class here: synthetic biology
1.1
PSFCellular biology (cytology)
PSGMicrobiology (non-medical)
Class here: protozoa, non-medical bacteriology, parasitology, virology etc
PSGNProtozoa
PSPHydrobiology
See also: RBK Hydrology & the hydrosphere
PSPAPhycology (algae & seaweed)1.2
PSPFFreshwater biology
See also: RBKF Limnology (inland waters)
PSPMMarine biology
See also: RBKC Oceanography (seas & oceans)
PSQMycology, fungi
Class here: lichen
1.3
PSTBotany & plant sciences
PSTBPlant biology1.1
PSTHFlowering plants (angiosperms)1.3
PSTJConifers & gymnosperms
Class here: cycads, Ginkgo & gnetophytes
1.3
PSTMFerns, mosses & liverworts
Class here: clubmosses, hornworts
1.3
PSVZoology & animal sciences
See also: WNC Wildlife: general interest
PSVAZoology: invertebrates
Class here: annelids (worms), myriapoda, echinoderms (starfish, sea urchins), jellyfish
See also: WNCN Wildlife: butterflies, other insects & spiders: general interest
1.3
PSVA2Insects (entomology)
Class here: caterpillars, butterflies & moths
1.3
PSVA4Crustaceans (carcinology)
Class here: crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, barnacles etc
1.3
PSVA6Molluscs (malacology)
Class here: cephalopod, octopus, squid, gastropods, snails, slugs, bivalves, clams, oysters, cockles, mussels, scallops etc
1.3
PSVA8Arachnids (arachnology)
Class here: spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites etc
1.3
PSVCZoology: fishes (ichthyology)
See also: WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
PSVFZoology: amphibians & reptiles (herpetology)
See also: WNCK Wildlife: reptiles & amphibians: general interest
PSVJZoology: birds (ornithology)
See also: WNCB Wildlife: birds & birdwatching: general interest
PSVMZoology: mammals (mammalogy)
See also: WNCF Wildlife: mammals: general interest
1.3
PSVM1Zoology: marsupials & monotremes
PSVM2Zoology: marine & freshwater mammals
Class here: cetacea & sirenia – whales, dolphins, seacows, etc. Use for: aquatic and semiaquatic mammals
See also: WNCS Wildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest, PSVM Zoology: mammals (mammalogy)
1.3
PSVM3Zoology: primates (primatology)
Class here: lemurs, monkeys, apes
PSVPEthology & animal behaviour1.3
PSXHuman biology
PSXEEvolutionary anthropology
Class here: early man, palaeoanthropology, hominidae, human forebears & archaic humans
1.3
QPhilosophy & Religion
QDPhilosophy
QDHHistory of philosophy, philosophical traditions
QDHAAncient philosophy
QDHCEast Asian & Indian philosophy
QDHC2Yoga (as a philosophy)
See also: VFMG1 Yoga for exercise
1.3
QDHFMedieval philosophy
Class here: Scholastic philosophy, Aquinas, etc
1.3
QDHHHumanist philosophy
Class here: Renaissance humanism, Erasmus
See also: QRYA Humanist & secular alternatives to religion
1.21.3
QDHKIslamic & Arab philosophy
See also: QRP* Islam
QDHMWestern philosophy: Enlightenment
Class here: Empiricism, Rationalism, Descartes to Kant
QDHRModern philosophy: since c 1800
QDHR1Idealism
QDHR3Pragmatism
QDHR5Phenomenology & Existentialism
QDHR7Structuralism & Post-structuralism
QDHR9Analytical philosophy & Logical Positivism
QDTTopics in philosophy
See also: KCA Economic theory & philosophy, JNA Philosophy & theory of education, CFA Philosophy of language, PBB Philosophy of mathematics, PDA Philosophy of science
QDTJPhilosophy: metaphysics & ontology
See also: QRAB Philosophy of religion
QDTKPhilosophy: epistemology & theory of knowledge
QDTLPhilosophy: logic
QDTMPhilosophy of mind
See also: JMA Psychological theory, systems, schools & viewpoints, GTK Cognitive studies
QDTNPhilosophy: aesthetics
See also: ABA Theory of art
QDTQEthics & moral philosophy
See also: JBFV Ethical issues & debates, KJG Business ethics & social responsibility, LATC Legal ethics & professional conduct, MBDC Medical ethics & professional conduct, PSAD Bioethics
QDTSSocial & political philosophy
See also: JPA Political science & theory, JPF Political ideologies, LAB Methods, theory & philosophy of law
QDXPopular philosophy
Use for: accessible works for the general reader seeking to apply principles of philosophy to everyday life
See also: JBFV Ethical issues & debates, VSP Popular psychology
QRReligion & beliefs
QRAReligion: general
QRABPhilosophy of religion
QRAB1Nature & existence of God
QRACComparative religion
QRAFInterfaith relations
QRAMReligious issues & debates
Use with: (all QRAM* codes) other QR* code indicating religion concerned, or with QRAC if comparative
QRAM1Religious ethics
QRAM2Religion & politics
QRAM3Religion & science
QRAM6Religious fundamentalism
QRAM7Blasphemy, heresy, apostasy
QRAM9Religious intolerance & persecution1.3
QRAXHistory of religion
QRDHinduism
QRDBHinduism: branches & groups
QRDFHindu sacred texts
QRDF1Hindu texts: Vedas, Upanishads
QRDF2Hindu texts: Bhagavad Gita
QRDPHindu life & practice
QRFBuddhism
QRFBBuddhism: branches & groups
QRFB1Theravada Buddhism
QRFB2Mahayana Buddhism
QRFB21Tibetan Buddhism
QRFB23Zen Buddhism
QRFFBuddhist sacred texts
QRFPBuddhist life & practice
QRJJudaism
QRJBJudaism: branches & groups
QRJB1Orthodox Judaism
QRJB3Liberal & Reform Judaism
QRJFJudaism: sacred texts
QRJF1Jewish texts: Tanakh, Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim1.3
QRJF5Rabbinic literature
QRJPJudaism: life & practice
QRMChristianity
QRMBChristian Churches, denominations, groups
QRMB1Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church
QRMB2Orthodox & Oriental Orthodox Churches
Class here: Greek, Russian, Coptic, Syrian Churches, etc
QRMB3Protestantism & Protestant Churches
QRMB31Anglican & Episcopalian Churches
Class here: Church of England, etc
QRMB32Baptist Churches
QRMB33Calvinist, Reformed & Presbyterian Churches
Class here: United Reformed, Church of Scotland, Huguenots, etc
QRMB34Lutheran Churches
QRMB35Methodist Churches
QRMB36Pentecostal Churches
QRMB37Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
QRMB39Other Nonconformist & Evangelical Churches
QRMB5Denominations of American origin
Class here: Adventists, Mormons (Latter Day Saints), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Christian Science, etc
QRMB8Christian & quasi-Christian cults & sects
QRMB9Ecumenism
QRMFChristianity: sacred texts
QRMF1Bibles
QRMF12Old Testaments
QRMF13New Testaments
QRMF19Bible readings, selections & meditations
QRMPChristian life & practice
QRMP1Christian sacraments
QRPIslam
QRPBIslam: branches & groups
QRPB1Islamic groups: Sunni, Alsalaf
QRPB2Islamic groups: Khawarij, Kharijite
QRPB3Islamic groups: Shi’ah, Shi’ite
QRPB4Islamic groups: Sufis
QRPFIslamic sacred texts
QRPF1The Koran (Qur’an)
QRPPIslamic life & practice
QRROther World religions
QRRBBaha’i
QRRCJainism
QRRDSikhism
QRRFZoroastrianism
QRRLEast Asian religions
QRRL1Confucianism
QRRL3Shintoism
QRRL5Taoism
QRRL6Chinese folk religion
Class here: Chinese mythology
1.3
QRRMAfro-American religions
Class here: Candomblé, Umbanda, Quimbanda, Voodoo, Voudou, Spiritual Baptist, Espiritismo, Hoodoo, Rastafari. Use for: Variations of African Religions in the Americas or African diasporic religions
1.3
QRRNTraditional African religions & mythologies1.3
QRRTTribal religions
QRSAncient religions & mythologies
Class here: paganism. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier as appropriate
QRSAAncient Egyptian religion & mythology
QRSGAncient Greek religion & mythology
See also: DBSG Ancient Greek & Roman legends
QRSLRoman religion & mythology
See also: DBSG Ancient Greek & Roman legends
QRSTCeltic religion & mythology
QRSWNorse religion & mythology
See also: DBSN Icelandic & Old Norse sagas
QRVAspects of religion
Use with: (all QRV* codes) other QR* code indicating religion concerned. Prefer religion-specific codes above where available, eg for Buddhist sacred texts, use QRFF, not QRF with QRVA
1.1
QRVASacred texts
QRVCCriticism & exegesis of sacred texts
Class here: concordances, commentaries
QRVGTheology
QRVHSermons
See also: DNS Speeches
QRVJPrayers & liturgical material
QRVJ1Worship, rites & ceremonies1.3
QRVJ2Prayer & prayerbooks
QRVJ3Devotional material
QRVKSpirituality & religious experience
QRVK2Mysticism
QRVK4Miracles, apparitions & religious phenomena1.3
QRVPReligious life & practice
QRVP1Pilgrimage1.3
QRVP2Religious Festivals
Use with: other QR* codes to denote religion and 5HP* values from INTEREST Qualifiers if appropriate
1.3
QRVP3Religious instruction
QRVP4Fasting & abstinence1.3
QRVP5Religious counselling
QRVP7Religious aspects of sexuality, gender & relationships
QRVSReligious institutions & organizations
QRVS1Religious & spiritual figures
Class here: religious leaders and influential or inspirational figures such as saints, gurus, mystics, prophets, theologians etc
1.1
QRVS2Religious social & pastoral thought & activity
QRVS3Religious ministry
QRVS4Religious mission & conversion
QRVS5Religious communities & monasticism
QRVXPersonal religious testimony & popular inspirational works
QRYAlternative belief systems
QRYAHumanist & secular alternatives to religion
See also: QDHH Humanist philosophy
QRYA5Agnosticism & atheism
QRYCEclectic & esoteric religions & belief systems
QRYC1Gnosticism
QRYC5Theosophy & Anthroposophy
QRYMContemporary non-Christian & para-Christian cults & sects
Class here: Scientology, apocalyptic cults, etc
QRYM2Spiritualism
QRYXOccult studies
Use for: serious & academic works only
See also: VXW* Mysticism, magic & occult interests
QRYX2Magic, alchemy & hermetic thought
QRYX5Witchcraft
See also: VXWT Witchcraft & wicca
QRYX9Satanism & demonology
REarth Sciences, Geography, Environment, Planning
RBEarth sciences
Use for: (all RB* codes) academic, specialist and professional level works. Prefer WN* codes for the general reader
See also: RGB* Physical geography & topography, WN* Nature & the natural world: general interest
1.3
RBCVolcanology & seismology
RBGGeology, geomorphology & the lithosphere
See also: PHVG Geophysics
1.2
RBGBSedimentology & pedology
See also: PNC Environmental chemistry, TNCC Soil & rock mechanics, TVBP Soil science & management
1.2
RBGDGeomorphology & geological surface processes
Class here: erosion, deposition, glaciology, fluvial and aeolian processes etc
1.2
RBGFHistorical geology
Class here: plate tectonics, continental drift
RBGGPetrology, petrography & mineralogy1.2
RBGHStratigraphy
RBGKGeochemistry
See also: PNC Environmental chemistry, PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals & gems
RBGLEconomic geology
Class here: petroleum & mining geology
RBKHydrology & the hydrosphere
See also: PSP Hydrobiology
RBKCOceanography (seas & oceans)
See also: PSPM Marine biology
1.3
RBKFLimnology (inland waters)
Class here: rivers, lakes (including saline lakes), etc
See also: PSPF Freshwater biology
1.2
RBPMeteorology & climatology
Class here: palaeoclimatology, meteorological phenomena
See also: WNWM Weather & climate: general interest
1.3
RBXPalaeontology
RGGeography
Use with: (all RG* codes,) PLACE Qualifiers 1* as appropriate
RGBPhysical geography & topography1.3
RGBAArid zones, deserts
RGBCPlains & grasslands
RGBC1Prairies
RGBC2Savanna
RGBDTundra
RGBFWetlands, swamps, fens
RGBGRivers & lakes1.3
RGBLForests & woodland
RGBL1Rainforest
RGBL2Mixed forest
RGBL3Broadleaf forest
RGBL4Boreal, coniferous forest
Class here: Taiga
RGBPCoastlines
Class here: deltas, estuaries, fjords
See also: RBK* Hydrology & the hydrosphere
1.2
RGBRCoral reefs
RGBSMountains
RGBUGlaciers & ice caps1.3
RGCHuman geography
RGCDDevelopment & environmental geography1.2
RGCGPopulation & migration geography
Class here: population growth and movement
1.2
RGCMEconomic geography
RGCPPolitical geography
See also: JPSL Geopolitics
RGCSSocial geography1.2
RGCTTourism geography1.2
RGCUSettlement, urban & rural geography1.2
RGLRegional geography
See also: GTM Regional studies
RGMBiogeography
See also: RN* The environment, PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
RGRGeographical discovery & exploration
See also: WTLP Expeditions: popular accounts
RGVCartography, map-making & projections
RGWGeographical information systems & remote sensing
Class here: geomatics, quantitative and qualitative methods, geostatistics, spatial analysis, GPS
1.2
RGXGeographical reference works
RGXBWorld atlases / world maps
Class here: globes
See also: NHTP1 Historical maps & atlases, WTR* Travel maps & atlases
RGXHGeographical maps (specialist)
Use for: specialist / topographical maps only. Use with: another code indicating specific subject or application where appropriate
See also: WTR* Travel maps & atlases
RGXMNaval & marine charts1.2
RGXPPlace names & gazetteers
RNThe environment
RNAEnvironmentalist thought & ideology
Class here: ecocentrism, technocentrism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, etc
RNBEnvironmentalist, conservationist & Green organizations
RNCApplied ecology
Use for: works taking a wide-ranging or ‘issues’-based approach
See also: PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
RNCBBiodiversity
RNDEnvironmental policy & protocols
See also: KCVG Environmental economics
RNFEnvironmental management
Use with: code from RBK* or RGB* to indicate specific environment or habitat
1.2
RNFDDrought & water supply
See also: TQSW Water supply & treatment
RNFFFood security & supply
RNFYEnergy resources
RNHWaste management
Class here: recycling, biodegradability
See also: TQSR Waste treatment & disposal
RNKConservation of the environment
RNKHConservation of wildlife & habitats
RNKH1Endangered species & extinction of species
RNPPollution & threats to the environment
See also: TQK Pollution control
RNPDDeforestation
RNPGClimate change
Class here: global warming, ‘greenhouse effect’, ozone depletion
RNQNuclear issues
RNRNatural disasters
See also: JBFF Social impact of disasters
RNTSocial impact of environmental issues
RNUSustainability
See also: TBR Intermediate technology, THV Alternative & renewable energy sources & technology, VSZ Self-sufficiency & ‘green’ lifestyle
RPRegional & area planning
RPCUrban & municipal planning
Class here: city & town planning
See also: AMVD City & town planning: architectural aspects
RPGRural planning
RPTTransport planning & policy
SSports & Active outdoor recreation
SCSport: general
SCBSporting events & management
Use with: (all SCB* codes) other code denoting specific sport as applicable
SCBBOlympic & Paralympic games
SCBGSports governing bodies
SCBMSports management & facilities
SCBTSports teams & clubs
SCBVSporting venues
SCGSports training & coaching
SCGFSport science, physical education
See also: MFGV Biomechanics, human kinetics
SCGPSports psychology
SCKDrug abuse in sport
SCLParasport1.3
SCXHistory of sport
SFBall sports / ball games
Class here: Basque Pelota, jai alai. Use for: ball games that do not have their own code as well as general works
1.3
SFBFootball variants & related games
SFBCAssociation football (Soccer)1.2
SFBDAmerican football
SFBFAustralian Rules football
SFBHCanadian football1.2
SFBKGaelic football
SFBTRugby Union
SFBVRugby League
SFCBaseball
Class here: softball
1.2
SFDCricket
SFHGolf
SFJField hockey
See also: STK Ice hockey
1.2
SFKLacrosse
SFLHurling
Class here: camogie
1.3
SFMBasketball
SFNNetball
SFPVolleyball
SFQHandball1.1
SFTRacket games
SFTATennis
SFTBBadminton
SFTCSquash & rackets (racquets)1.2
SFTDTable tennis
SFVBowls, bowling, petanque
SFXSnooker, billiards, pool
SHAthletics, gymnastics & related sports
SHBTrack & field sports, athletics
SHBFMarathon & cross-country running
SHBMMultidiscipline sports
Class here: triathlon, pentathlon, heptathlon, etc
SHGGymnastics
SHPWeightlifting
Class here: powerlifting
See also: VFMG Exercise & workout books
1.3
SKEquestrian & animal sports
Class here: rodeo, polo
See also: ATXZ1 Bullfighting, SVH Hunting or shooting animals & game
1.3
SKGHorse racing
SKLRiding, showjumping & horsemanship
Class here: eventing, dressage etc
See also: WNGH Horses & ponies: general interest
SKRDog racing
SMVehicle sports
SMCAir sports & recreations
Class here: ballooning, paragliding, skydiving, gliding, etc
SMFMotor sports
Class here: karting, go-karts, truck racing, any motorised sports not listed below
1.3
SMFACar racing
Class here: Formula 1, Grand Prix, Indianapolis 500, 24 Hours at Le Mans
1.3
SMFCMotor rallying / rally driving
SMFFStock car & hot rod racing
Class here: NASCAR, Daytona 500, drag racing etc
1.3
SMFKMotorcycle racing
Class here: road & track motorcycle racing; TT, Speedway etc
SMQCycle racing
Class here: road & velodrome (track) cycling racing; Tour de France etc
See also: SZD Cycling: general & touring, WGD Bicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
SMQBBMX cycling
SMXRollerblading, skateboarding, etc
SPWater sports & recreations
Class here: water aerobics, aquafitness, water polo
1.3
SPCSwimming & diving1.2
SPCAUnderwater (sub-aqua) swimming
Class here: freediving
1.3
SPCA1Scuba diving1.2
SPCA2Snorkelling1.2
SPCDDiving
Class here: platform and springboard diving etc
1.2
SPCSSwimming
Class here: open water, pool swimming & wild swimming
1.21.3
SPGSurfing, windsurfing, water skiing
SPNBoating: Sport & leisure1.3
SPNDMotor / power boating & cruising
Class here: speedboat racing
SPNGSailing / yachting
Class here: learning to sail, knots, splices & rope work for sailors, certification etc
1.3
SPNKCanoeing & kayaking
Class here: rafting
1.3
SPNLRowing & sculling
SRCombat sports & self-defence
SRBBoxing
SRCWrestling
SRFFencing
SRMMartial arts
Class here: Krav Maga etc. Use for: general works or for martial arts that do not have their own code
1.3
SRMAAikido1.2
SRMCCapoeira1.3
SRMJJudo1.2
SRMKJu-jitsu1.2
SRMLKarate1.2
SRMMKendo1.2
SRMNChinese martial arts / Kung-fu
Class here: wushu
1.21.3
SRMN1Tai Chi
Use with: VFMG for titles specifically about fitness aspects, or VXH for health aspects
1.3
SRMN2Qigong
Use with: VFMG for titles specifically about fitness aspects, or VXH for health aspects
1.3
SRMSSumo1.2
SRMTTaekwondo1.3
SRMVMixed martial arts1.3
STWinter sports
STASkiing
STAAAlpine skiing
Class here: downhill skiing
1.2
STABBiathlon1.2
STANNordic skiing
Class here: Nordic combined
1.2
STAN1Cross-country skiing1.2
STAN2Ski jumping1.2
STCSnowboarding
STGIce-skating
STHSpeed skating1.2
STJFigure skating1.2
STKIce hockey
See also: SFJ Field hockey
STLSledding
Class here: luge, skeleton and bobsledding
1.3
STLNSled dog racing1.3
STPCurling1.3
SVField sports: fishing, hunting, shooting
SVFFishing, angling
Class here: coarse fishing
See also: KNA Agribusiness & primary industries
1.3
SVFFFly fishing1.3
SVFSSea fishing
Class here: big game fishing
1.3
SVHHunting or shooting animals & game
SVHHProfessional qualifications for hunting / shooting
Use for: works for licences, exams, certificates, vocational courses linked to hunting or shooting
1.3
SVRArchery
SVSSmall firearms, guns & other equipment
SVTTarget shooting
SXOther sports & competitive activities
SXBBodybuilding
SXDDarts1.3
SXEeSports / Professional video gaming
Use for: competitions, usually professional, using video games
1.3
SXQExtreme sports
Class here: bungee jumping, etc
SZActive outdoor pursuits
Class here: canyoning, free running & parkour, obstacle courses. Use for: (all SZ* codes) indoor analogues or training for outdoor activities
1.3
SZCWalking, hiking, trekking
SZDCycling: general & touring
See also: SMQ Cycle racing, WGD Bicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
SZERunning & jogging
See also: SHBF Marathon & cross-country running
SZGClimbing & mountaineering
SZKOrienteering
SZNCaving & potholing
SZRCamping
Class here: all forms of camping, survival camping, glamping, backpacking
1.3
SZVOutdoor survival skills
Class here: bushcraft, woodcraft (skills for living in the open air, close to nature), navigation skills
1.3
TTechnology, Engineering, Agriculture, Industrial processes
Use for: associated skills, trades & professions
1.3
TBTechnology: general issues
TBCEngineering: general
TBDTechnical design
See also: AKP Product design, UGC Computer-aided design (CAD)
TBDGErgonomics
TBGEngineering graphics & draughting / technical drawing
Use for: computer aided draughting. Use with: other codes such as architecture, design or engineering as appropriate
1.3
TBJMaths for engineers
See also: PBW Applied mathematics
TBMInstruments & instrumentation engineering
TBMMEngineering measurement & calibration
TBNNanotechnology
TBRIntermediate technology
TBXHistory of engineering & technology
See also: PDX History of science
TBYInventions & inventors
TCBiochemical engineering
TCBBiotechnology
TCBGGenetic engineering
Class here: cloning; stem cell technology
See also: PSAD Bioethics, PSAK Genetics (non-medical)
TCBSBiosensors
See also: TJS Sensors
TDIndustrial chemistry & manufacturing technologies
TDCIndustrial chemistry & chemical engineering
Class here: technology of detergents, rubber; biocides etc
1.1
TDCAAgrichemicals1.1
TDCFFuels & petrochemicals
See also: KNBP Petroleum, oil & gas industries
1.1
TDCJDyestuffs, pigments & paint technology
Class here: cosmetics technology
1.1
TDCPPlastics & polymers
Use for: all aspects of the professional manufacturing of plastics
See also: TGMP Engineering applications of polymers & composites
1.11.3
TDCQCeramic & glass technology1.1
TDCTFood & beverage technology
See also: TTVC Hotel, hospitality & catering trades, PND Food chemistry, WBXD1 Food & drink: wines, WBXD Food & drink: alcoholic beverages, KNSB Food & drink service industries
1.3
TDCT1Food & beverage safety
Class here: food quality, impact of food regulation and policy
See also: RNFF Food security & supply
1.1
TDCT2Food & beverage processing & engineering
Class here: food processing by ingredient
1.1
TDCWPharmaceutical chemistry & technology1.1
TDCXProcess engineering technology & techniques
Class here: reaction engineering
1.1
TDPOther manufacturing technologies
Use for: manufacturing processes or technologies that do not have their own code
1.3
TDPFTextiles & fibres
Class here: technical manuals for the apparel and fashion industries. Use for: all aspects of professional textile manufacture, processing, spinning, weaving
See also: KNDD Apparel, garment & textile industries, AKT Fashion & textiles
1.11.3
TDPJTimber & wood processing
Use for: all aspects of the professional processing of wood and wood products
See also: KNAL Forestry industry, TVR Forestry & silviculture: practice & techniques
1.3
TDPJ1Paper & pulp manufacture & processing1.3
TDPMMetals technology / metallurgy
TDPPPrinting & reprographic technologies
See also: TDPT 3D Printing
1.3
TDPT3D Printing
See also: TDPP Printing & reprographic technologies
1.3
TGMechanical engineering & materials
TGBMechanical engineering
TGBFTribology (friction & lubrication)
TGBNEngines & power transmission
TGMMaterials science
TGMBEngineering thermodynamics
TGMDEngineering: Mechanics of solids
Class here: dynamics, vibration, stress, fracture etc
1.3
TGMFEngineering: Mechanics of fluids
Class here: flow, turbulence, rheology etc. Use for: the application of fluid dynamics in technology
See also: PHDF Physics: Fluid mechanics
1.3
TGMF1Aerodynamics1.3
TGMF2Hydraulics / Pneumatics1.3
TGMLEngineering applications of bio-materials1.1
TGMMEngineering applications of electronic, magnetic, optical materials1.1
TGMPEngineering applications of polymers & composites
See also: TDCP Plastics & polymers
1.1
TGMSEngineering applications of surface coatings & films1.1
TGMTTesting of materials
Use for: destructive & non-destructive testing
TGPProduction & industrial engineering1.3
TGPCComputer aided manufacture (CAM)
TGPQIndustrial quality control
TGPRReliability engineering
TGXEngineering skills & trades
Class here: tool-making, welding, machinist, metalwork skills & trades etc
1.3
THEnergy technology & engineering
THFFossil fuel technologies
THFGGas technology
THFPPetroleum technology
THFSSolid fuel technology
THKNuclear power & engineering
THNHeat transfer processes
Class here: refrigeration, industrial air conditioning, heat pumps
See also: TNKH Heating, lighting, ventilation
1.3
THRElectrical engineering
THRMElectric motors
THRXElectrician skills & trades
THVAlternative & renewable energy sources & technology
Class here: wind, water power, tidal & wave energy, geothermal, biogas etc
See also: RNU Sustainability
1.3
THVBBiofuels1.1
THVSSolar power1.1
THVWWind power1.1
THYEnergy, power generation, distribution & storage
Class here: power networks & plants; power utilization & applications; energy conversion & storage including fuel cells & battery technology
1.2
THYCEnergy efficiency
TJElectronics & communications engineering
TJFElectronics engineering
TJFCElectronics: circuits & components
TJFDElectronic devices & materials
Class here: microprocessors, chips, transistors, semi-conductors, super-conductors etc
TJFMAutomatic control engineering
TJFM1Robotics
TJFNMicrowave technology
TJKCommunications engineering / telecommunications
TJKDRadar technology
TJKRRadio technology
TJKSSatellite communication technology
TJKTTelephone technology
TJKT1Mobile phone technology
TJKVTelevision technology
TJKWWAP (wireless) technology
TJSSensors
See also: TCBS Biosensors
1.1
TNCivil engineering, surveying & building
TNCStructural engineering
TNCBSurveying, quantity surveying
TNCCSoil & rock mechanics
See also: RBGB Sedimentology & pedology
TNCEEarthquake engineering
TNCJBridges
TNFHydraulic engineering
Class here: engineering of dams, reservoirs, harbours etc; also land reclamation & drainage
TNFLFlood control
TNHHighway & traffic engineering
TNKBuilding construction & materials
Class here: construction and building standards, building regulations and codes, general works for construction professionals
1.3
TNKAAccessibility in buildings & building design
Class here: barrier free, step free or accessible design and construction
1.2
TNKEBuilding physics & energy-efficient construction1.2
TNKFFire protection & safety
TNKHHeating, lighting, ventilation
See also: THN Heat transfer processes
TNKPConstruction planning1.2
TNKRBuilding redevelopment1.2
TNKSSecurity & fire alarm systems
TNKXConservation of buildings & building materials
TNTBuilding skills & trades
Class here: bricklaying, plastering, masonry, glazing, carpentry, joinery, plumbing, roofing
1.3
TQEnvironmental science, engineering & technology
Use for: (TQ* codes) technical & practical aspects of environment, pollution, waste disposal, etc. Prefer PNC for study and research
See also: RN* The environment
1.1
TQDEnvironmental monitoring
TQKPollution control
See also: RNP Pollution & threats to the environment
TQSSanitary & municipal engineering
TQSRWaste treatment & disposal
Class here: sewage & hazardous waste disposal
See also: RNH Waste management
TQSWWater supply & treatment
Class here: water purification & desalination
See also: RNFD Drought & water supply
TRTransport technology & trades
See also: KNG Transport industries, RPT Transport planning & policy, WG* Transport: general interest
TRCAutomotive technology & trades
TRCSAutomotive (motor mechanic) skills
See also: WGCV Vehicle maintenance & manuals
TRCTRoad transport & haulage trades
TRFRailway technology, engineering & trades
TRFTRailway trades
TRLShipbuilding technology, engineering & trades
TRLDShip design & naval architecture
TRLNNavigation & seamanship
TRLTMaritime & nautical trades
TRPAerospace & aviation technology
TRPSAviation skills & piloting
Class here: learning to fly, practical manuals, pilot’s licence
1.3
TRTIntelligent & automated transport system technology
TTOther technologies & applied sciences
TTAAcoustic & sound engineering
TTBApplied optics
TTBFFibre optics
TTBLLaser technology & holography
TTBMImaging systems & technology
See also: MKS* Medical imaging
TTBSScanning systems & technology
TTDSpace science
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
TTDSAstronautics
Class here: technical aspects of space exploration e.g. spacecraft design & technology
1.2
TTDXSpace exploration
Class here: manned & unmanned space missions & programs, Apollo, Vostok, Sputnik, Voyager etc
See also: WNX Popular astronomy & space
1.2
TTMMilitary engineering
TTMWOrdnance, weapons technology
TTPExplosives technology & pyrotechnics
TTSMarine engineering
Class here: offshore engineering, sonar etc
TTUMining technology & engineering
TTVOther vocational technologies & trades
TTVCHotel, hospitality & catering trades1.3
TTVC2Catering & food preparation skills & trades
Use for: any work aimed at professionals in the food and drinks industries
1.3
TTVHHairdressing, salon & beauty therapy skills1.3
TTVRTraditional trades & skills
Class here: blacksmithing, thatching, dry stone walling, musical instrument making, etc
1.3
TTVSSecurity, safety & protection skills / professions
Use for: professional / vocational works for security & safety professionals, personal protection and related skills
1.3
TTVTCaretakers, janitors, housekeepers, cleaners & related skills
Use for: vocational works for professionals looking after buildings, domestic workers, etc
1.3
TTWAssistive technology
Class here: use of technology to assist and enable people with disabilities to live independent lives
1.2
TTXTaxidermy
TVAgriculture & farming
See also: KNA Agribusiness & primary industries, KCVD Agricultural economics
TVBAgricultural science
TVBPSoil science & management1.2
TVDAgricultural engineering & machinery
See also: WGCT Tractors & farm vehicles: general interest
TVDRIrrigation
TVFSustainable agriculture
TVGOrganic farming
TVHAnimal husbandry
See also: WNF Farm & working animals: general interest
TVHBAnimal breeding
TVHFDairy farming
TVHHApiculture (beekeeping)
TVHPPoultry farming
TVKAgronomy & crop production
TVMSmallholdings
TVPPest control
Class here: agricultural use of pesticides & herbicides
TVQTropical agriculture: practice & techniques
TVRForestry & silviculture: practice & techniques
Use for: practical or vocational titles about the creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forest and related resources
See also: KNAL Forestry industry, TDPJ Timber & wood processing
1.3
TVSCommercial horticulture
Class here: market gardening; flower production
See also: WM* Gardening
TVSHHydroponics / hydroculture1.3
TVSWViticulture
TVTAquaculture & fish-farming: practice & techniques
TVUUrban farming / urban agriculture
Use with: TVH (Animal husbandry) or other TV* codes if appropriate
1.3
UComputing & Information Technology
UBInformation technology: general topics1.3
UBHHealth & safety aspects of IT
UBJEthical & social aspects of IT
UBLLegal aspects of IT
Class here: legal aspects of open source, copyleft licensing, spamming, net neutrality, internet censorship, all legal aspects of the digital dissemination of information & software. Use for: works that discuss various legal aspects of IT
See also: LNQ IT & Communications law / Postal laws & regulations
1.3
UBMMaker and hacker culture
Use for: general works on technology-led subcultures
1.3
UBWInternet: general works
UDComputing & IT: consumer and user guides
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.3
UDAPersonal organization software & apps
UDBInternet guides & online services
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.2
UDBAOnline shopping & auctions
UDBDInternet searching
UDBGInternet gambling
UDBMOnline finance & investing
UDBRInternet browsers
UDBSSocial media / social networking1.3
UDBVVirtual worlds
UDDOnline safety & behaviour1.3
UDFEmail: consumer / user guides
UDHE-book readers, tablets & other portable devices: consumer / user guides
UDMDigital music & audio: consumer / user guides
See also: ATN Internet & digital media: arts & performance
1.2
UDQDigital video: consumer / user guides
UDTMobile phones & smartphones: consumer / user guides
UDVDigital TV & media centres: consumer / user guides
UDXComputer games / online games: strategy guides
UDYVirtual assistants: consumer / guides1.3
UFBusiness applications
UFBIntegrated software packages
Class here: Microsoft Office, Microsoft Works, Lotus Smartsuite, OpenOffice etc
UFCSpreadsheet software
Class here: Excel, Lotus 1-2-3, etc
UFDWord processing software
UFGPresentation graphics software
UFKAccounting software
UFLEnterprise software
Class here: content management system (CMS), customer relationship management (CRM), enterprise resource planning (ERP)
1.3
UFLSSAP (Systems, applications & products in databases)
UFMMathematical & statistical software
UFPProject management software
UFSCollaboration & group software
UGGraphical & digital media applications
UGBWeb graphics & design
UGCComputer-aided design (CAD)
UGDDesktop publishing
UGGComputer games design
Use for: logical and narrative aspects of games design
See also: AKLF Computer game art
1.3
UGK3D graphics & modelling
UGLIllustration & drawing software
UGMDigital music: professional
UGNDigital animation
UGPPhoto & image editing
UGVDigital video: professional
UKComputer hardware
UKCSupercomputers
UKDMainframes & minicomputers
UKFServers
UKGGrid & parallel computing
UKMEmbedded systems
UKNNetwork hardware
UKPPersonal computers
UKPCPCs (IBM-compatible personal computers)
UKPMMacintosh
UKRMaintenance & repairs
UKSStorage media & peripherals
UKXUtilities & tools
ULOperating systems
ULDMicrosoft (Windows) operating systems
ULHApple operating systems
Class here: mac OS, use with ULP to indicate iOS
1.3
ULJOpen source & other operating systems
ULJLLinux1.2
ULPMobile & other handheld operating systems
Class here: Android, iOS, Blackberry, Tizen. Use for: mobile OS for phones, tablets & smart watches
See also: ULH Apple operating systems, ULD Microsoft (Windows) operating systems
1.3
ULQIBM mainframe operating systems
ULRReal time operating systems
UMComputer programming / software engineering
UMAProgramming techniques
UMBAlgorithms & data structures
UMCCompilers & interpreters
UMFAgile programming
UMGAspect programming / AOP
UMHExtreme programming
UMJFunctional programming
UMKGames development & programming
UMKB2D graphics: games programming
UMKC3D graphics: games programming
UMKLLevel design: games programming
UMLGraphics programming
UMNObject-oriented programming (OOP)
UMPMicrosoft programming
UMPN.Net programming
UMPWWindows programming
UMQMacintosh programming
UMRNetwork programming
UMSMobile & handheld device programming / Apps programming
UMTDatabase programming
UMWWeb programming
UMWSWeb services
UMXProgramming & scripting languages: general
UMZSoftware Engineering
UMZLUnified Modeling Language (UML)
UMZTSoftware testing & verification
UMZWObject oriented software engineering
UNDatabases
UNADatabase design & theory
UNANNoSQL databases
Class here: Non-relational databases
1.3
UNARRelational databases
UNCData capture & analysis
UNDData warehousing
UNFData mining
UNHInformation retrieval
UNJObject-oriented databases
UNKDistributed databases
UNKDDistributed ledgers
Class here: blockchain, cryptocurrencies
1.3
UNKPPeer-to-peer networks
Class here: BitTorrent, Freenet
1.3
UNNDatabases & the Web
UNSDatabase software
Class here: Oracle, Access, SQL etc
UPPractical applications of information technology
Class here: maker guides, home automation etc
1.3
UQComputer certification
UQFComputer certification: Microsoft
UQJComputer certification: Cisco
UQLComputer certification: ECDL
UQRComputer certification: CompTIA
UQTComputer certification: CLAiT
URComputer security
URDPrivacy & data protection
URHComputer fraud & hacking
URJComputer viruses, Trojans & worms
URQFirewalls
URSSpam
URWSpyware
URYData encryption
See also: GPJ Coding theory & cryptology
UTComputer networking & communications
UTCCloud computing
UTDClient–Server networking
UTESystem administration
UTFNetwork management
UTFBComputer systems back-up & data recovery
UTGGrid computing
UTMElectronic mail (email): professional
UTNNetwork security
UTPNetworking standards & protocols
UTRDistributed systems
UTSNetworking packages
UTVVirtualization
UTWWAP networking & applications
UTXEDI (electronic data interchange)
UXApplied computing
Class here: application of artificial intelligence in society
See also: PSAX Computational biology / bioinformatics, MBF Medical & health informatics
1.3
UXAComputer applications in the arts & humanities
UXJComputer applications in the social & behavioural sciences
See also: GTK Cognitive studies
UXTComputer applications in industry & technology1.1
UYComputer science
UYAMathematical theory of computation
UYAMMaths for computer scientists
UYDSystems analysis & design
UYFComputer architecture & logic design
UYFLAssembly languages
UYFPParallel processing
UYMComputer modelling & simulation
UYQArtificial intelligence
See also: GTK Cognitive studies
UYQEExpert systems / knowledge-based systems
UYQLNatural language & machine translation
UYQMMachine learning
Class here: deep learning
1.3
UYQNNeural networks & fuzzy systems
UYQPPattern recognition
UYQSSpeech recognition
UYQVComputer vision
UYSSignal processing
UYTImage processing
UYUAudio processing
UYVVirtual reality
UYWAugmented reality (AR)1.3
UYZHuman–computer interaction
UYZFInformation visualization
UYZGUser interface design & usability
UYZMInformation architecture
VHealth, Relationships & Personal development
VFFamily & health
Use for: (all VF* codes) popular accounts for general readership. Prefer codes from Sections J, M etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
VFBPersonal safety
VFDPopular medicine & health
VFDFFirst aid for the home
VFDJChildren’s health
VFDMMen’s health
Class here: andropause, prostate issues, etc
1.3
VFDWWomen’s health
VFDW2Menopause1.3
VFGHome nursing & caring
VFJCoping with personal & health issues1.3
VFJBCoping with illness & specific health conditions
Use with: M* code for specific condition where available/ appropriate
1.3
VFJB1Coping with allergies, including food allergies
VFJB2Coping with back problems1.2
VFJB3Coping with cancer1.3
VFJB4Coping with heart conditions1.3
VFJB5Coping with diabetes1.3
VFJB6Coping with Alzheimer’s & dementia1.3
VFJDCoping with disability
VFJGCoping with ageing
VFJJCoping with eating disorders
Class here: anorexia, bulimia
1.3
VFJKCoping with drug & alcohol problems
Class here: substance abuse
1.3
VFJLCoping with addiction
Use for: addictions not covered by other codes
1.3
VFJMCoping with abuse
VFJPCoping with anxiety & phobias
Class here: panic attacks, OCD
1.3
VFJQCoping with mental health issues
Use for: general mental health & other issues not covered elsewhere
1.3
VFJQ1Coping with depression & other mood disorders1.3
VFJRCoping with neurodevelopmental issues1.3
VFJR1Coping with autism / Asperger’s
Class here: autism spectrum disorders
1.3
VFJR2Coping with ADHD
Class here: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
1.3
VFJR3Coping with dyslexia & learning difficulties
Class here: dyscalculia, dysgraphia
1.3
VFJR4Coping with communication difficulties
Class here: stuttering, speech disorders
1.3
VFJSCoping with stress
VFJTCoping with loneliness / solitude1.3
VFJVCoping with sleep problems
Class here: how to sleep well
1.3
VFJXCoping with death & bereavement
Class here: funerals, memorials, grief & loss
See also: JHBZ Sociology: death & dying
1.3
VFJX1Coping with suicide1.2
VFLGiving up smoking
VFMFitness & diet
VFMDDiets & dieting
See also: WBH Health & wholefood cookery
VFMGExercise & workout books
Class here: Pilates, aerobics, stretching, zumba, spinning, circuit training, cross-training
1.3
VFMG1Yoga for exercise
See also: QDHC2 Yoga (as a philosophy)
1.3
VFMG2Weight training
Class here: strength training
See also: SHP Weightlifting
1.3
VFMSMassage
See also: VXHJ Reflexology
VFVFamily & relationships: advice & issues
See also: WQY Family history, tracing ancestors, JHBK Sociology: family & relationships, JBFW Sex & sexuality, social aspects
VFVCSex & sexuality: advice & issues
Class here: sex manuals
See also: JMU Psychology: sexual behaviour, JBFW Sex & sexuality, social aspects
VFVGDating, relationships, living together & marriage: advice
See also: WJW Weddings, wedding planners
VFVJInvoluntary childlessness: advice & issues
Class here: infertility
1.3
VFVKAdoption & fostering: advice & issues
VFVMSolo lifestyles: advice & issues
Class here: advice on living without a partner
1.2
VFVSSeparation & divorce: advice & issues
VFVXIntergenerational relationships: advice & issues
Class here: mother-daughter, grandparent-grandchild relationships etc
VFXParenting: advice & issues
VFXBPregnancy, birth & baby care: advice & issues
VFXB1Baby names: guides for parents
VFXCChild care & upbringing: advice for parents
Use with: 5L* values from INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
VFXC1Teenagers: advice for parents
VSSelf-help, personal development & practical advice
Use for: (all VS* codes) popular accounts for general readership. Prefer codes from Sections C*, J*, K*, L*, Q*, R* etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
1.3
VSBPersonal finance
Class here: managing your money, income, household budget
1.3
VSCAdvice on careers & achieving success
VSCBJob hunting / changing careers
Class here: CVs, resumes, cover letters, interview techniques, employment rights, dealing with job loss
1.3
VSDLaw, citizenship & rights for the lay person
VSFRoadcraft & driving
Class here: learning to drive, study aids for driving tests, getting a driver’s licence, advanced driving. Use with: WGC* codes to indicate what type of vehicle, as appropriate
1.3
VSGConsumer advice
See also: WJS Shopping guides
VSHHousing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
See also: WK* Home & house maintenance
VSKAdvice on education
See also: JN* Education
VSKBStudent life
Class here: practical guides to going away to study, life on campus, surviving as a student
1.3
VSLAdult literacy guides & handbooks
See also: CFC Literacy
VSNAdult numeracy guides & handbooks
VSPPopular psychology
See also: QDX Popular philosophy
VSPDMindfulness
Class here: therapy based upon meditation & related approaches
1.2
VSPMAssertiveness, motivation, self-esteem & positive mental attitude1.3
VSPTMemory improvement & thinking techniques
Class here: IQ tests etc for self-testing
VSPXNeuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
VSRRetirement
See also: KFFP Pensions
VSSSoft skills & dealing with other people
Class here: advice on dealing with social situations
1.2
VSWLiving & working in other countries: practical advice
VSZSelf-sufficiency & ‘green’ lifestyle
See also: RNU Sustainability
VXMind, body, spirit
Use for: (all VX* codes) Mind Body Spirit treatments for general readers only. Prefer codes from Sections J*, M*, Q* etc, as appropriate for specialist & academic works
VXAMind, body, spirit: thought & practice
VXFFortune-telling & divination
VXFAAstrology
VXFA1Star signs & horoscopes
VXFCFortune-telling by cards (cartomancy)
VXFC1Tarot
VXFDThe I Ching
VXFGGraphology
VXFJDivination from physical attributes1.2
VXFJ1Palmistry, chiromancy
Class here: chirology, chirognomy
1.2
VXFJ2Phrenology & physiognomy1.2
VXFNNumerology
VXFTClairvoyance & precognition
VXHComplementary therapies, healing & health
Class here: Naturopathy
See also: MX* Complementary medicine
1.2
VXHAAcupuncture1.1
VXHCAromatherapy & essential oils
VXHFNature therapy
Class here: Ecotherapy, horticultural therapy. Use for: popular approaches, for more academic approaches see JM* Psychology codes
1.3
VXHHHomoeopathy
VXHJReflexology
See also: VFMS Massage
VXHKReiki
VXHTTraditional medicine & herbal remedies
Class here: popular works on Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic therapies etc. Use with: appropriate PLACE qualifier 1*
1.1
VXKEarth energies
Class here: dowsing, ley lines
1.1
VXMMind, body, spirit: meditation & visualization
VXNDreams & their interpretation
See also: JMT Psychology: states of consciousness
VXPPsychic powers & psychic phenomena
Class here: ESP, popular accounts of telepathy, telekinesis etc
See also: JMX Parapsychological studies
VXPCCrystals & colour-healing
VXPHChakras, auras & spiritual energy
VXPJAstral projection & out-of-body experiences
VXPRThe afterlife, reincarnation & past lives
VXPSSpirit guides, angels & channelling
VXQUnexplained phenomena / the paranormal
VXQBUFOs & extraterrestrial beings
VXQGGhosts & poltergeists
VXQMMonsters, mythical & legendary beings
Class here: goblins, golems, griffins, mermaids, elves, fairies, unicorns, yetis, etc. Use for: non-fiction studies of these creatures. Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes if appropriate
See also: JBGB Folklore, myths & legends
1.3
VXQM1Mythical creatures: Dragons
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes if appropriate
1.3
VXQM2Mythical creatures: Vampires, werewolves & other shapeshifters
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes if appropriate
1.3
VXQM3Mythical creatures: Zombies & the undead
Use with: F*, JBGB or QR* codes if appropriate
1.3
VXVFeng Shui & approaches to living space design & style
Class here: Vastu Shastra
1.2
VXWMysticism, magic & occult interests
Use for: (all VXV* codes) popular works on the occult. Prefer QRY* codes for serious & academic works
See also: QRYX* Occult studies
VXWKKabbalah: popular works
See also: QRVK2 Mysticism
VXWMMagic, spells & alchemy
VXWSShamanism, paganism & druidry
See also: QRS Ancient religions & mythologies
VXWTWitchcraft & wicca
See also: QRYX5 Witchcraft
WLifestyle, Hobbies & Leisure
Use for: (all W* codes) popular accounts for general readership. Prefer Sections A*, K*, P*, R*, T*, etc, as appropriate, for specialist & academic works
WBCookery / food & drink etc
WBAGeneral cookery & recipes
WBACComfort food and food nostalgia1.3
WBBTV / celebrity chef cookbooks
Class here: TV series tie-in recipe books, recipes from specific restaurants, etc
WBCCooking for one
WBDBudget cookery
WBFQuick & easy cookery1.3
WBHHealth & wholefood cookery
WBHSCookery for specific diets & conditions
Use with: VF* or M* codes if appropriate
1.3
WBJVegetarian cookery
WBJKVegan cookery
WBKOrganic food / organic cookery1.3
WBNNational, regional & ethnic cuisine
Use with: PLACE Qualifier 1* and also values from 5PB* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
WBNBStreet food1.3
WBQCookery for/with children1.3
WBRCooking for parties & special occasions
Use with: values from 5H* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
WBSCooking with specific gadgets
Class here: microwave cooking, wok, barbecue, slow cookers, etc
1.3
WBTCookery / food by ingredient1.3
WBTBCookery / food by ingredient: meat & game1.3
WBTCCookery / food by ingredient: chicken & other poultry1.3
WBTFCookery / food by ingredient: fish & seafood1.3
WBTHCookery / food by ingredient: herbs, spices, oils & vinegars1.3
WBTJCookery / food by ingredient: rice, grains, pulses, nuts & seeds
Class here: beans, peanuts, soy, oats, lentils
1.3
WBTMCookery / food by ingredient: fruit & vegetables1.3
WBTPCookery / food by ingredient: pasta & noodles1.3
WBTRCookery / food by ingredient: egg, cheese & dairy products1.3
WBTXCookery / food by ingredient: chocolate1.3
WBVCookery dishes & courses
WBVDCookery dishes & courses: soups & starters
Class here: dips, appetizers, finger food
1.3
WBVGCookery dishes & courses: salads & vegetables
WBVHCookery dishes & courses: sauces
Class here: salsa, marinades, condiments, dressings
1.3
WBVMCookery dishes & courses: main courses
WBVQCookery dishes & courses: desserts
WBVSBaking, bread, cakes & pastry1.3
WBVS1Cakes & cake decoration, icing & sugarcraft1.1
WBWCookery: preserving & freezing
Class here: chutneys, jams, pickles
1.3
WBXFood & drink: beverages
WBXDFood & drink: alcoholic beverages
WBXD1Food & drink: wines
Class here: home winemaking, wine tasting
1.3
WBXD2Food & drink: beers & ciders
Class here: home brewing
1.3
WBXD3Food & drink: spirits, liqueurs & cocktails1.3
WBXNFood & drink: non-alcoholic beverages
WBXN1Tea & coffee1.3
WBXN3Juices & smoothies1.3
WBZCigars & smoking
See also: VFL Giving up smoking
WCAntiques & collectables
WCBAntiques & collectables: buyer’s guides
Class here: price guides, guides to auctions, valuation, etc. Use with: other WC* code indicating types of items, as appropriate
See also: UDBA Online shopping & auctions
WCCCare & restoration of antiques
WCFCollecting coins, banknotes, medals & other related items
Class here: collecting seals, numismatics
1.3
WCGCollecting stamps, philately
WCJAntique clocks, watches, musical boxes & automata
WCKMilitaria, arms & armour
WCLAntique furniture / furniture collecting
Use with: WCC for restoring antique furniture
1.3
WCNAntiques & collectables: ceramics, glass & other related items1.3
WCNCAntiques & collectables: ceramics, porcelain & pottery
Class here: collecting china
1.3
WCNGAntiques & collectables: glass
Class here: collecting bottles
1.3
WCPAntiques & collectables: jewellery
WCRAntiques & collectables: gold, silver & other metals (other than jewellery)
WCRBAntiques & collectables: buttons, badges, pins & related small items1.3
WCSAntiques & collectables: books, manuscripts, ephemera & printed matter
Class here: cigarette cards, programmes, postcards, comics, autographs, photographs, phonecards, etc
WCTAntiques & collectables: sports memorabilia
WCUAntiques & collectables: pictures, prints & maps
WCVAntiques & collectables: carpets, rugs & textiles
WCWAntiques & collectables: toys, games, dolls & models
Class here: teddy bears
1.3
WCXAntiques & collectables: instruments, implements & tools1.3
WCXMAntiques & collectables: musical instruments1.2
WCXSAntiques & collectables: scientific instruments1.2
WDHobbies, quizzes & games
WDHHobbies
See also: WF* Handicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
WDHBModel-making & construction1.2
WDHMModel railways
WDHRRadio-controlled models
WDHWRole-playing, war games & fantasy sports
WDJ3D images & optical illusions
WDKPuzzles & quizzes
WDKCCrosswords & word-games
Class here: scrabble dictionaries, wordlists
1.3
WDKNSudoku & number puzzles
WDKXTrivia & quiz question books
See also: GBD Miscellanies & compendia
WDMIndoor games
See also: UDX Computer games / online games: strategy guides
WDMCCard games
WDMC1Card games: Bridge
WDMC2Card games: Poker
WDMGBoard games
WDMG1Board games: Chess
WDPGambling: theories & methods
See also: UDBG Internet gambling
WFHandicrafts, decorative arts & crafts
Use for: (all WF* codes) practical, ‘how-to’ & hobbyist approaches. Prefer codes from Section A* where appropriate for art history & criticism approaches
See also: AFT Decorative arts
WFAPainting & art manuals
See also: AGZ Art techniques & principles
WFBNeedlework & fabric crafts
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
1.2
WFBCEmbroidery crafts
Class here: cross-stitch, needlepoint, tapestry-making, etc
WFBLLace & lacemaking
WFBQQuiltmaking, patchwork & applique
WFBSKnitting & crochet
WFBS1Knitting1.2
WFBS2Crochet1.2
WFBVFabric dyeing
Class here: Batik & tie-dye
WFBWSewing1.2
WFCRopework, knots & macramé
WFFRug & carpetmaking
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
WFGSpinning & weaving
See also: AFW Textile artworks, AKT Fashion & textiles
WFHToys: making & decorating
Class here: soft toys, dolls, dolls’ houses etc
WFJJewellery & beadcraft
See also: AFKG Precious metal, precious stones & jewellery: artworks & design
WFKDecorative finishes & surfaces
Class here: decoupage
WFNPottery, ceramics & glass crafts
See also: AFP Ceramic & glass: artworks
WFPDecorative metalwork
WFQDecorative woodwork
Class here: decorative box-making; picture-framing
WFSCarving & modelling, moulding & casting
Class here: woodcarving, resin & plaster work, doughcraft, candle-making, etc
See also: AFKC Carvings: artworks
WFTBook & paper crafts
Class here: paper-making, book binding, greeting card-making, scrapbooking, paper planes, paper models, papercraft
See also: AKH Book design
1.3
WFTMOrigami & paper engineering
WFUCalligraphy & hand-lettering
See also: AKD Typography & lettering
WFVRural crafts
See also: AFT Decorative arts
WFWFlower arranging & floral crafts
WFXAdult colouring & activity books
WGTransport: general interest
See also: KNG Transport industries, TR* Transport technology & trades
WGCRoad & motor vehicles: general interest
See also: TRCT Road transport & haulage trades
WGCBMotor cars: general interest
WGCFBuses, trams & commercial vehicles: general interest
WGCKMotorcycles: general interest
WGCQRoad & motor vehicles: Camper vans, Recreational vehicles1.3
WGCTTractors & farm vehicles: general interest
See also: TVD Agricultural engineering & machinery
WGCVVehicle maintenance & manuals
See also: TRCS Automotive (motor mechanic) skills
WGDBicycles & non-motorised transport: general interest & maintenance
See also: SMQ Cycle racing, SZD Cycling: general & touring
WGFTrains & railways: general interest
Class here: company histories, maps & atlases, general works on railways
See also: TRF* Railway technology, engineering & trades
1.3
WGFDLocomotives & rolling stock
Class here: steam, diesel or electric locomotives, wagons, carriages etc
1.3
WGFLUrban rail transit systems
Class here: underground & light rail systems (metro, subway, tube, etc), trams on rails, monorail, and any urban transit or transport system based on fixed rails
1.2
WGGShips & boats: general interest
Class here: inland waterways & ocean-going craft
See also: SPN* Boating: Sport & leisure, NHTM Maritime history
1.3
WGGBBoats
Class here: rowing boats, narrowboats, barges, luxury yachts, houseboats. Use for: boats designed primarily for inland waterways or coastal waters
1.3
WGGDShips: Liners & other ocean-going vessels
Class here: cruise ships, sailing ships, tall ships. Use for: the history of these ships, the companies, larger ocean-going vessels etc
1.3
WGGPShips & boats: certification and licences
Class here: certification for driving small powered boats, amateur sailing qualifications etc
See also: TRLN Navigation & seamanship, TRLT Maritime & nautical trades
1.3
WGGVBoatbuilding & maintenance
See also: TRL* Shipbuilding technology, engineering & trades
WGMAircraft & aviation
Class here: commercial aircraft, airlines, airports
See also: TRP* Aerospace & aviation technology
1.3
WHHumour
See also: XY Strip cartoons
WHGTV tie-in humour
WHJJokes & riddles
WHLSlang & dialect humour
WHPParodies & spoofs: non-fiction
See also: FUP Satirical fiction & parodies
WHXHumour collections & anthologies
WJLifestyle & personal style guides
WJFFashion & style guides
WJHCosmetics, hair & beauty
WJKInterior design, decor & style guides
See also: AMR Architecture: interior design
WJSShopping guides
See also: VSG Consumer advice, UDBA Online shopping & auctions
WJWWeddings, wedding planners
WJXParties, etiquette & entertaining
WJXCManners: guides & advice
WJXFTable settings & arts of the table1.3
WKHome & house maintenance
See also: VSH Housing & property for the individual: buying/selling & legal aspects
WKDDIY: general
WKDMDIY: house maintenance manuals
WKDWDIY: carpentry & woodworking
WKHHousehold hints
WKRHome renovation & extension
See also: WJK Interior design, decor & style guides
WKUOutdoor & recreational areas: design & maintenance
WMGardening
See also: TVS Commercial horticulture
WMBGardens (descriptions, history etc)
WMDGarden design & planning
WMFGreenhouses, conservatories, patios
WMPGardening: plants & cultivation guides
Class here: herbs, succulents & cacti. Use for: titles about the growing of or guides to any type of garden plant, both indoor and outdoor. Use with: WMQG for house plants
1.3
WMPCGardening: flowers & ornamental plants1.3
WMPFGardening: fruit & vegetable1.3
WMPSGardening: trees & shrubs1.3
WMPYGardening: pests & diseases1.3
WMQSpecialized gardening methods
WMQBBonsai1.3
WMQFOrganic gardening
WMQLLandscape gardening
WMQNNatural & wild gardening
WMQPGardening with native plants
WMQRContainer gardening
Use for: titles about growing plants in pots, tubs, baskets, etc indoors or outdoors
1.3
WMQR1Indoor gardening1.3
WMQWWater gardens, pools
WMTAllotments / Community gardens
See also: TVM Smallholdings, TVU Urban farming / urban agriculture
1.3
WNNature & the natural world: general interest
Use for: (all WN* codes) popular works only. Prefer codes from Sections P*, R*, T* etc, as appropriate for specialist & academic works
WNADinosaurs & the prehistoric world: general interest
See also: RBX Palaeontology
WNCWildlife: general interest
See also: PSV* Zoology & animal sciences
WNCBWildlife: birds & birdwatching: general interest
See also: PSVJ Zoology: birds (ornithology)
WNCFWildlife: mammals: general interest
See also: PSVM Zoology: mammals (mammalogy)
WNCKWildlife: reptiles & amphibians: general interest
See also: PSVF Zoology: amphibians & reptiles (herpetology)
WNCNWildlife: butterflies, other insects & spiders: general interest
See also: PSVA Zoology: invertebrates
WNCSWildlife: aquatic creatures: general interest
See also: PSVC Zoology: fishes (ichthyology), PSVM2 Zoology: marine & freshwater mammals, PSP Hydrobiology
WNCS1Sea life & the seashore: general interest
See also: PSPM Marine biology
WNCS2Freshwater life: general interest
See also: PSPF Freshwater biology
WNDThe countryside, country life: general interest
WNFFarm & working animals: general interest
Use for: titles about working or service dogs
See also: TVH Animal husbandry
1.3
WNGDomestic animals & pets
WNGCCats as pets
WNGDDogs as pets
WNGD1Dog obedience & training
WNGFFishes as pets & aquaria
WNGHHorses & ponies: general interest
WNGKBirds, including cage birds, as pets
WNGRRabbits & rodents as pets
Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, rats, etc as pets
1.3
WNGSReptiles & amphibians as pets
Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, turtles, tortoises, etc as pets
1.3
WNGXInsects & spiders as pets
WNHZoos & wildlife parks: general interest
WNJNational parks & nature reserves: general interest
Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1*, plus travel codes WT* for guidebooks to National (state, provincial, regional etc) parks as appropriate
1.3
WNPTrees, wildflowers & plants: general interest
See also: WMP Gardening: plants & cultivation guides
WNRRocks, minerals & fossils: general interest
Use for: popular works on aspects of geology, including guides to gems. Use with: codes for relevant discipline to indicate subject covered
See also: RBX Palaeontology, RBG* Geology, geomorphology & the lithosphere, PNV Chemistry of minerals, crystals & gems
1.2
WNWThe Earth: natural history: general interest
Use for: popular works on natural history of the Earth as a whole, physical features & systems as well as life on Earth, popular works on volcanoes, earthquakes etc
See also: RB* Earth sciences, PSAF Ecological science, the Biosphere
WNWMWeather & climate: general interest
Use for: popular works on weather & climate including storms & other extreme weather conditions
See also: RBP Meteorology & climatology
1.2
WNXPopular astronomy & space
Class here: constellation & star guides, non-specialist guides to astronomy & space, including space exploration
See also: PG* Astronomy, space & time, TTD Space science
WQLocal & family history, nostalgia
WQHLocal history
Use for: popular accounts of the history of a specific locality, generally only of local interest. Use with: PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
WQNNostalgia: general
Use for: popular works with fond, uncritical view of past times. Use with: other code indicating subject where appropriate, eg WGF “Trains & railways: general interest”
WQPPlaces in old photographs
Use for: collections of early or vintage photographs relating to a specific place or places. Use with PLACE 1* & TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers wherever possible
See also: AJC Photographs: collections
WQYFamily history, tracing ancestors
See also: NHTG Genealogy, heraldry, names & honours
WTTravel & holiday
Use with: (all WT* codes) the most specific PLACE 1* Qualifiers available, as appropriate
WTDTravel tips & advice: general
WTHTravel & holiday guides
Use for: general travel guides, lists of places to visit, ‘best of’ guides, that are not in a more specific category and that remain primariliy guidebooks. Use with: the most specific PLACE 1* Qualifiers available, plus INTEREST 5* Qualifier, or another subject code, to indicate a specialised guidebook. For example, 5PS to indicate holidays aimed at a particular group
See also: WJS Shopping guides, WTM Places & peoples: general & pictorial works
1.3
WTHATravel guides: adventure holidays
WTHBTravel guides: business travel
WTHCTravel guides: eco-tourism, ‘green’ tourism
WTHDTravel guides: food & drink regions
Class here: travel guides based around local foods, wine-producing regions etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier as appropriate and WB* for detail on area of food & drink concerned
See also: WTHR Travel guides: restaurants & cafes
1.2
WTHETravel guides: activity holidays
Class here: travel guides for active holidays. Use with: SZ* codes to indicate the activity involved
1.2
WTHFTravel guides: holidays with children / family holidays
WTHGTravel guides: budget travel1.3
WTHHTravel guides: hotel & holiday accommodation guides
Use for: ‘where to stay’ guides, recommendations of specific establishments
1.3
WTHH1Travel guides: caravan & camp-site guides
WTHKTravel guides: beaches & coastal areas
Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate
1.3
WTHMTravel guides: museums, historic sites, galleries etc
WTHRTravel guides: restaurants & cafes
Class here: Inns, bars, pubs, bistros for food / drink. Use for: ‘where to eat/ drink’ guides, recommendations of specific establishments
See also: WTHD Travel guides: food & drink regions
1.3
WTHTTravel guides: theme parks & funfairs
WTHWTravel guides: routes & ways
Class here: guides to long distance routes, such as footpaths, trails, cycleways, waterways, highways, bridleways, etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate plus subject codes, such as SZ*, where appropriate
1.3
WTHXTravel guides: cruises
Class here: river & sea cruises. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifier codes as appropriate
1.3
WTKLanguage phrasebooks
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifier 2* as appropriate
See also: CJBT Language self-study
WTLTravel writing
WTLCClassic travel writing
Use for: travel writing published at least 50 years ago or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.3
WTLPExpeditions: popular accounts
Class here: popular accounts of expeditions & exploration
See also: RGR Geographical discovery & exploration
WTMPlaces & peoples: general & pictorial works
Use for: illustrated and inspirational travel books, books about places to visit, etc, that are NOT primarily guidebooks. Use with: the most specific PLACE 1* Qualifiers available plus INTEREST 5* qualifier or another subject code when the title has a specialised theme
See also: AJC Photographs: collections
1.3
WTRTravel maps & atlases
See also: RGX* Geographical reference works
WTRDRoad atlases & maps
WTRMTravel maps
Use for: all folded maps, other than city street maps & motorists’ road maps, for general & travel use
WTRSStreet maps & city plans
Class here: maps & books of maps of cities, towns & streets for general use
WZMiscellaneous items
WZGGift books
Use for: small books, typically of a decorative, humorous or inspirational nature, intended to be given as gifts rather than read by the purchaser
See also: YZG Children’s gift books
WZSStationery items
Use for: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc. Use with: another code indicating subject where possible
WZSNBlank stationery items
Class here: blank notebooks, autograph books and other content-free items
1.1
XGraphic novels, Comic books, Cartoons
Use with: a ‘type’ from XA*, followed where possible & appropriate, with a ‘genre’ from XQ* for graphic novels & comic books
XAGraphic novel & Comic book: types
XABEuropean tradition graphic novels
Use for: In the European tradition, graphic novels are typically one-off publications, rather than part of a series, generally for an adult audience, often with distinctive graphics & more literary textual content, usually serious rather than humorous; they are works published originally as graphic novels, not adaptations of textual works
XADEuropean tradition comic books, Bandes dessinées
Use for: In the European tradition, comic books or ‘bandes dessinées’ are typically published in ongoing series, often featuring the same characters, as distinct from ‘one-off’ graphic novels
XADCEuropean comic books: general, classic, all ages
Class here: ‘bandes dessinées tout public’, classic comic books for all ages
XAKAmerican / British style comic books & graphic novels
Use for: graphic novels & comic books in the American / British tradition
XAKCAmerican comic books: classic, Golden Age
Class here: early & classic ‘Golden Age’ characters for all ages
XAMManga & Asian style comics
Use for: This sequence includes all Japanese comic books (Manga) plus those from other Asian countries including Korean (Manhwa) & Chinese (Manhua)
XAMCManga: Kodomo
Use for: Manga for children, boys & girls, age around 6 to 10
XAMFManga: Shōjo
Use for: Manga designed for young & teenage girls, age around 10 to 15
XAMGManga: Shōnen
Use for: Manga designed primarily for young & teenage boys, age around 10 to 15
XAMLManga: Seinen
Use for: Manga designed for young adult men, from about 15 to 30 years old. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
1.3
XAMRManga: Josei
Use for: Manga designed specifically for young adult women
XAMTManga: Yaoi
Class here: boys‘ love (BL). Use for: Manga featuring young male homosexual relationships but for a young female readership
XAMVManga: Bara
Class here: Men’s Love (ML) manga. Use for: manga focusing on male same-sex love, usually created by gay men for a gay audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
1.3
XAMXManga: adult (erotic, extreme violence)
Use for: Manga designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly adult nature only suitable for an aware and mature audience. Use with: other XAM* codes if appropriate & Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: XAMX2 Manga: hentai manga
1.3
XAMX2Manga: hentai manga
Use for: Manga designed for adults (over 18 years), of an extreme erotic or pornographic nature. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate
See also: XAML Manga: Seinen
1.3
XAMYManga: Yuri
Class here: girls‘ Love. Use for: Manga featuring young female homosexual relationships often (but not exclusively) for a young female readership
1.2
XQGraphic novel & Comic book: genres
XQAGraphic novel / Comic book: memoirs, true stories & non-fiction
Class here: ‘bandes dessinées d’auteur’, Slice of life, biographies, politics, travel
1.3
XQBGraphic novel / Comic book: literary adaptations
Use for: adaptations of pre-existing literary works into graphic form
XQCGraphic novel / Comic book: inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, for example story books based on a popular film franchise, an online game or a TV series. Do NOT use for titles that were subsequently made into films etc
1.3
XQDGraphic novel / Comic book: crime, mystery & thrillers
XQGGraphic novel / Comic book: action & adventure
XQGWGraphic novel / Comic book: Westerns
XQHGraphic novel / Comic book: horror
XQKGraphic novel / Comic book: super-heroes & super-villains
XQLGraphic novel / Comic book: science fiction
XQMGraphic novel / Comic book: fantasy, esoteric
Use for comic books featuring traditions of mythical, secret or esoteric knowledge
XQNGraphic novel / Comic book: anthropomorphic / animal stories1.3
XQRGraphic novel / Comic book: romance
XQSGraphic novel / Comic book: school / college life
Use with: 5LJ code as appropriate
1.3
XQTGraphic novel / Comic book: humorous
XQVGraphic novel / Comic book: historical
XQXGraphic novel / Comic book: adult
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly adult nature or dealing with graphic themes only suitable for an aware, mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XQXEGraphic novel / Comic book: adult – erotic
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly erotic nature or dealing with graphic sexual themes only suitable for an aware mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XQXVGraphic novel / Comic book: adult – extreme violence / gore
Use for: comic books designed for adults featuring scenes of an overtly violent or gory nature or dealing with graphic or disturbingly violent themes only suitable for an aware mature audience. Use with: Qualifier 5X plus other X* codes as appropriate
1.3
XRGraphic novel & comic books: guides & reviews
See also: DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XRMManga guides & reviews
See also: DSR Literary reference works, FZ Fiction companions
XYStrip cartoons
Use for: collections of typically humorous cartoons, in 3–5 panels, usually originally published in newspapers or magazines
YChildren’s, Teenage & Educational
Use with: (all Y* codes) 5A* values from INTEREST AGE / LEVEL Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YBBooks for very young children, children’s picture books & activity books
Use with: (all YB* codes) 5A* values from INTEREST AGE / LEVEL Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YBCChildren’s picture books
Use with: other codes from Y* sections as appropriate (especially YF*, YX*, YN*)
1.3
YBCBBaby books
Use for: small format, board book or rag book picture books with little or no text, and no early learning content
YBCHPicture books: character books
Use for: all books based on TV or film characters, and all books featuring established pictorially-represented characters used in several books and or other products
YBCSPicture storybooks
Use for: picture books with a strong narrative text
YBCS1Picture storybooks: bedtime stories & dreams1.1
YBCS2Picture storybooks: imagination & play
Use for: picture books featuring use of imagination and/or play, for example with toys, often to create an imaginary world
1.1
YBGChildren’s interactive & activity books & packs
Use for: children’s activity & interactive items, such as kit books, sticker books, etc, for any age group
1.1
YBGCColouring books1.2
YBGHChildren’s activity books: hidden object
Class here: ‘magic eye’ books & books where aim is to find item or character in pictures
1.1
YBLEarly years / early learning concepts
Use for: (all YBL* codes) pre-school material only
1.1
YBLAEarly years: letters & words
Class here: ABC books, first word books etc
1.1
YBLBEarly years: verse, rhymes & wordplay
Class here: nursery rhymes & simple verse for very young children, tongue-twisters etc
See also: YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YBLCEarly years: numbers & counting1.1
YBLDEarly years: colours1.1
YBLFEarly years: opposites1.1
YBLHEarly years: size, shapes & patterns1.1
YBLJEarly years: time & seasons
Class here: telling the time, day & night, days of the week, seasons of the year, etc
1.1
YBLLEarly years: nature & animals1.1
YBLMEarly years: daily routine
Class here: elements of daily life for very young children: washing, bedtime, potty training, etc
1.1
YBLNEarly years: first experiences1.1
YBLN1Early years: the body & the senses1.3
YBLPEarly years: people who help us1.1
YBLQEarly years: family
Use with: YXF* codes as appropriate
1.3
YBLTEarly years: things that go
Class here: books on ships, planes, trains, trucks, cars, bikes, buses and other moving vehicles for the very young
1.3
YDChildren’s / Teenage poetry, anthologies, annuals
Use with: (all YD* codes) 5A* values from INTEREST AGE / LEVEL Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YDAChildren’s / Teenage: Annuals
Use for: all annuals. Use with: second code indicating type or subject area where possible
YDCChildren’s / Teenage: Anthologies
Use with: other code denoting literary form where appropriate, eg with a YF* code for fiction anthologies, with YDP for poetry anthologies. Use alone for anthologies of various literary forms
YDPChildren’s / Teenage: Poetry
See also: YBLB Early years: verse, rhymes & wordplay, YFV Children’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
YFChildren’s / Teenage fiction & true stories
Use with: (all YF* codes) ALWAYS with appropriate 5A* Reading Age/Level Qualifier, and 5X where appropriate, to indicate explicit material for older readers; YF* codes may be used with PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers where these aspects are particularly pertinent and significant; use with & before relevant YN* codes for fiction with specific themes or topics not sufficiently indicate in YF*; use with YDC for fiction anthologies; use with & before appropriate YX* code for fiction dealing with specific social or personal issues; use X* codes for comic book fiction
See also: XADC European comic books: general, classic, all ages, XAKC American comic books: classic, Golden Age, XAMC Manga: Kodomo, XAMF Manga: Shōjo, XAMG Manga: Shōnen
1.1
YFAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Classic fiction
Use for: children’s & teenage novels published at least 50 years ago or widely regarded as ‘classic’
1.3
YFBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: General fiction
Use for: all contemporary non-genre fiction for children & teenagers
YFCChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Action & adventure stories1.1
YFCAChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Interactive adventure stories
Use for: books, physical or digital, where the reader can select from options to alter the narrative outcome. Use with: and after, other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFCBChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Thrillers
YFCFChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Crime & mystery fiction
YFCWChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Military & war fiction1.1
YFDChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Horror & ghost stories, chillers
See also: YNXW Children’s / Teenage general interest: Witches, wizards & magicians
YFEChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Speculative, dystopian & utopian fiction
Class here: fiction set in dystopian or utopian societies, alternative history fiction. Use with: YFG or other YF* codes if possible
1.1
YFGChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Science fiction
YFGSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Steampunk1.2
YFHChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Fantasy1.3
YFHDChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Magical realism1.3
YFHRChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Fantasy romance
Class here: vampire romance, paranormal romance etc; Use for: Fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of romance but that is primarily a fantasy novel. Use with: 5X code if content is more explicit and 5A* values from INTEREST AGE / LEVEL Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YFJChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories
Class here: myths & legends, folk & fairy tales or fables told in a story form. Use for: modern retellings in story form or collections of these type of traditional stories aimed at children/ teenagers
1.3
YFKChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Religious fiction
YFMChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Romance, love & relationships stories1.3
YFNChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Family & home stories
Use with: codes from YXF* sequence for fiction specifically designed to address family issues
1.1
YFPChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Nature & animal stories
Use with: YNN* codes to indicate what type of animal or nature story
1.3
YFQChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Humorous stories
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFRChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Sporting stories
YFSChildren’s / Teenage fiction: School stories
Use with: values from 5L* to indicate what school level if appropriate
1.3
YFTChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Historical fiction
Use for: stories set in the past (usually before the writer’s lifetime), where the time period is a significant or essential part of the story and that portray the spirit, manners, and social conditions of that time with realistic detail. Use with: other F* codes as appropriate. Use with: PLACE 1* and/or TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers to indicate setting as appropriate
1.3
YFUChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Short stories
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
YFVChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Stories in verse
Use with: other YF* code indicating genre if possible
See also: YDP Children’s / Teenage: Poetry
1.1
YFXChildren’s / Teenage fiction: Biographical fiction
Use for: highly fictionalised biographies or autobiographies of real people
1.1
YFYChildren’s / Teenage: True stories told as fiction
Class here: true stories, eg of survival, discovery, conflict etc, told in strong narrative from, as if fiction
YFZChildren’s / Teenage fiction: special features & related items1.3
YFZRChildren’s / Teenage category fiction
Class here: ranobe (Japanese-style light novels). Use for: genre fiction, usually published on a monthly basis, short, in clearly delineated lines and with a certain number published every month. Use with: other YF* code indicating genre or type. YFZR codes should never be the main subject code
1.3
YFZVChildren’s / Teenage fiction: inspired by or adapted from
Use for: stories that were published as spin-offs or companions to pre-existing non-book media or merchandise, for example story books based on a popular film franchise, toy, an online game or a TV series. Do NOT use for titles that were subsequently made into films etc. Use with: other YF* code indicating genre or type. YFZV codes should never be the main subject code
1.3
YFZZChildren’s / Teenage fiction: companion works
Use for: companion works to popular children’s or teenage fiction series or titles, typically uncritical, such as an atlas of a mythical world, a compendium of characters, a guide to the series, etc. Use with: other Y* codes or on its own as appropriate
1.3
YNChildren’s / Teenage: general interest
Use for: (all YN* codes) all general interest material not covered elsewhere & not designed specifically for school use. Use YN* codes alone for non-fiction works, or after relevant YF* code for fiction on specific topics, as appropriate. Use with: 5A* values from INTEREST AGE / LEVEL Qualifiers as appropriate and any other Qualifier as applicable
1.3
YNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Art & artists
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
1.1
YNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography1.1
YNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Music
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6* as appropriate
1.1
YNCSSongbooks for children1.2
YNDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Drama & performing1.1
YNDBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dance, ballet1.1
YNDSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Playscripts1.1
YNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Television, video & film
Class here: titles about making of a film, TV, series, etc
1.3
YNGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: General knowledge & interesting facts1.3
YNGLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Information resources
Class here: titles about libraries, museums, schools, etc. Use for: informative books about museums, galleries, libraries other cultural centres, and their content
1.3
YNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: History & the past
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate. Use with: YNB for biographies of specific people from the past
See also: YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography
1.3
YNHAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Adventurers & outlaws
Class here: treasure hunters
See also: YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography
1.11.3
YNHA1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pirates1.3
YNHDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Discovery & exploration
Class here: explorers, travellers, expedition, first contacts with other continents and peoples, exploring interiors, the seas, etc
See also: YNB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Biography & autobiography
1.11.3
YNHPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Lives of children in the past
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.11.3
YNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Warfare, battles, armed forces
Use with: PLACE 1* and TIME PERIOD 3* Qualifiers as appropriate
See also: YXZW Children’s / Teenage social issues: War & conflict issues
1.3
YNJCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Castles & knights
Class here: medieval warfare
1.3
YNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Work & society1.1
YNKAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Politics
Use with: YNB & YNH, as appropriate, for books about political figures
1.11.3
YNKCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Law, police & crime1.1
YNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Literature, books & writers1.1
YNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Places & peoples
Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YNMCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Countries, cultures & national identity
Class here: national symbols, monuments, dress, flags, customs etc. Use with: PLACE 1* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.11.3
YNMDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Celebrations, holidays, festivals & special events
Use with: values from 5H* INTEREST Qualifiers as appropriate, also use with YNR* codes if appropriate
See also: YNR* Children’s / Teenage general interest: Religion & beliefs, 5H* Holidays, events & seasonal interest
1.3
YNMFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Girls & women
Use for: books where girlhood / womanhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Boys & men
Use for: books where boyhood / manhood is a central theme
1.1
YNMKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: City & town life1.1
YNMLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rural & farm life1.1
YNMWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Queens, kings, princesses, princes etc
Class here: royalty. Use for: titles about royals or featuring a royal character
1.11.3
YNNChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Nature, animals, the natural world1.1
YNNAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Dinosaurs & prehistoric world1.1
YNNBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats
See also: YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
1.1
YNNB1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Oceans & seas1.1
YNNB2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Jungles & tropical forests
Class here: rainforests
1.1
YNNB3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Deserts1.1
YNNB9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Wildlife & habitats: Ice, snow & tundra
Class here: Polar regions and high mountain habitats
1.1
YNNCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ecosystems
Class here: works on whole ecosystems
See also: YXZG Children’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
1.1
YNNFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Farm animals
Use for: general works that include multiple farm animals or for farm animals that do not have their own code
1.3
YNNHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care1.1
YNNH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: dogs
See also: YNNJ21 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dogs & wolves
1.1
YNNH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: cats
See also: YNNJ22 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cats including big cats
1.1
YNNH3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: rabbits & rodents
Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, rats etc, as pets
See also: YNNJ31 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Rodents & rabbits
1.3
YNNH4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: horses & ponies1.1
YNNH5Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: birds
Class here: parrots, canaries, budgerigars etc as pets
1.3
YNNJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mammals1.1
YNNJ1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Freshwater & marine mammals
Use for: mammals that live most of the time in water
See also: YNNS Children’s / Teenage general interest: Fish & marine life
1.11.3
YNNJ14Children’s / Teenage general interest: Whales, dolphins & porpoises
Use for: mammals that live permanently in water
1.3
YNNJ2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Large land mammals
Class here: camels, elephants, giraffes, rhinoceros, deer, etc. Use for: any work featuring or about large mammals that does not have its own code or note
1.11.3
YNNJ21Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dogs & wolves
Class here: hyenas, foxes etc. Use for: any work featuring or about any type of dog (canid), that is not specifically about pet care
See also: YNNH1 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: dogs
1.11.3
YNNJ22Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cats including big cats
Class here: lions, tigers, etc. Use for: any work featuring or about any type of cat (felid), that is not specifically about pet care
See also: YNNH2 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: cats
1.11.3
YNNJ23Children’s / Teenage general interest: Bears
Class here: giant pandas
1.11.3
YNNJ24Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ponies & horses
Class here: donkeys, asses, zebras
1.11.3
YNNJ25Children’s / Teenage general interest: Cows & cattle
Class here: buffalo, bison, yaks
1.11.3
YNNJ26Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pigs, hogs & boars1.3
YNNJ27Children’s / Teenage general interest: Sheep & goats1.3
YNNJ29Children’s / Teenage general interest: Apes, monkeys & lemurs
Class here: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, gibbons
1.11.3
YNNJ3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Small land mammals
Class here: bats, hedgehogs, racoons, etc Use for: any work featuring or about small mammals that does not have its own code or note
1.11.3
YNNJ31Children’s / Teenage general interest: Rodents & rabbits
Class here: mice, rats, squirrels, hares, porcupines, capybaras etc, not as pets
See also: YNNH3 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Pets & pet care: rabbits & rodents
1.11.3
YNNJ9Children’s / Teenage general interest: Marsupials, platypuses & echidnas
Class here: kangaroos, koalas, possums, wombats, wallabies etc
1.11.3
YNNKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Birds1.1
YNNLChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Insects, spiders, minibeasts1.1
YNNMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Reptiles & amphibians
Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, tortoises, turtles, frogs, toads, etc. Use with: YNNH for titles about pet care
1.11.3
YNNSChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Fish & marine life
See also: YNNJ1 Children’s / Teenage general interest: Freshwater & marine mammals
1.11.3
YNNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Plants & trees1.1
YNNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Rocks, weather & physical world
Class here: rocks, fossils, minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, geology, the atmosphere, weather systems, storms, tornados etc
1.1
YNNZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Space, stars & the solar system
Class here: constellation guides, space exploration, planets etc
1.1
YNPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Practical interests1.1
YNPCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cooking & food
Class here: nutrition, eating well
1.3
YNPGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Gardening1.2
YNPHChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Handicrafts1.1
YNPH1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Woodworking, model-making1.1
YNPH2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Needlecraft & fabric crafts1.1
YNPJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Clothing & fashion1.1
YNPKChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Money1.1
YNQChildren’s / Teenage: Youth clubs, societies, groups & organisations
Class here: Scouts, Guides & similar youth organisations
1.3
YNRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Religion & beliefs
See also: YXZR Children’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues, YPJN* Educational: Religious studies
1.1
YNRDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
See also: YPJN1 Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
1.1
YNRFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
See also: YPJN2 Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
1.1
YNRJChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
See also: YPJN3 Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
1.1
YNRMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
See also: YPJN4 Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
1.1
YNRPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
See also: YPJN5 Educational: Religious studies: Islam
1.1
YNRRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: other religions
See also: YPJN9 Educational: Religious studies: other religions
1.1
YNRUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: ancient religions & mythologies
Class here: Greek, Norse, Roman, Egyptian, Celtic, etc religions & myths. Use for: works about the legends
See also: YFJ Children’s / Teenage fiction: Traditional stories, YNXB Children’s / Teenage general interest: Supernatural & mythological creatures
1.21.3
YNRXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Religious texts, prayers & devotional material
Use for: editions of sacred texts, including simplified versions & stories based on sacred texts, prayerbooks & all devotional material, designed for children. Use with: other YNR* code indicating religion
1.1
YNTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science & technology
Use for: general works on science, including project ideas, experiments etc
1.3
YNTAChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Science: the human body
Class here: general descriptive, scientific approaches
See also: YXA* Children’s / Teenage personal & social topics: body & health
1.1
YNTCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computing & Information Technology1.2
YNTC1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Programming & scripting languages
Class here: coding for children
1.3
YNTC2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Social media1.3
YNTDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Inventors, inventions & experiments1.1
YNTGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Machines & how things work1.1
YNTMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mathematics & numbers
Use for: Non-educational books about math and numbers
1.3
YNTPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Buildings & construction1.1
YNTRChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Transport & vehicles1.1
YNTTChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Time travel
Use with: YF* codes as appropriate
1.3
YNUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Humour & jokes1.1
YNUCChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cartoons & comic strips
See also: XADC European comic books: general, classic, all ages, XAKC American comic books: classic, Golden Age, XAMC Manga: Kodomo
1.1
YNVChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Hobbies, quizzes, toys & games1.1
YNVDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Toys
Use for: books about toys, or featuring toys. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* if appropriate
1.11.3
YNVD1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dolls, figures & similar toys
Class here: puppets, action figures, toy soldiers, etc. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* if appropriate
1.3
YNVD2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Stuffed or soft toys
Class here: Teddy bears. Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* if appropriate
1.3
YNVD3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Building bricks, blocks & construction toys
Use with: YB*, YF*, YNP* if appropriate
1.3
YNVPChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Puzzle books1.1
YNVUChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Computer & video games
Class here: gameplay guides
1.3
YNWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports & outdoor recreation
Class here: sporting events. Use with: other YNW* codes as appropriate
1.3
YNWDChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports
Class here: all ball games not listed below
1.1
YNWD1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Association football (Soccer)1.11.2
YNWD2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: American Football1.11.2
YNWD3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Baseball & Softball1.1
YNWD4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Basketball1.1
YNWD6Children’s / Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Volleyball1.2
YNWD8Children’s/Teenage general interest: Ball games & sports: Handball1.1
YNWGChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Athletics & gymnastics1.1
YNWMChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports1.3
YNWM1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Skiing1.2
YNWM2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Winter sports: Ice hockey1.2
YNWWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Swimming & water sports1.1
YNWYChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Cycling, rollerskating & skateboarding1.3
YNWZChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Sports teams & clubs
Use with: other YNW* code indicating sport
1.1
YNXChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Mysteries & the unexplained1.1
YNXBChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Supernatural & mythological creatures
Class here: monsters & legendary beings
1.3
YNXB1Children’s / Teenage general interest: Dragons1.3
YNXB2Children’s / Teenage general interest: Vampires, werewolves & shapeshifters1.3
YNXB3Children’s / Teenage general interest: Zombies, ghosts & the undead
Class here: mummies, skeletons, ghouls, poltergeists etc
1.3
YNXB4Children’s / Teenage general interest: Fairies, elves, etc1.3
YNXFChildren’s / Teenage general interest: UFOs & extraterrestrial beings
Class here: aliens
1.3
YNXWChildren’s / Teenage general interest: Witches, wizards & magicians
See also: YFD Children’s / Teenage fiction: Horror & ghost stories, chillers
1.3
YPEducational material
Use for: (all YP* codes) all primary and secondary educational material & schoolbooks up to and including at least minimum school leaving age. For further or higher education and adult vocational qualifications, prefer subject code as appropriate. Use with: EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifier as appropriate
See also: JNU Teaching of a specific subject, JNUM Teachers’ classroom resources & material
1.3
YPAEducational: Arts, general
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPABEducational: Art & design
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPADEducational: Music
Use with: STYLE Qualifiers 6 * where appropriate
YPAFEducational: Drama & performance arts
Class here: playscripts for schools, dance
YPAGEducational: Fashion & textile1.3
YPAKEducational: Handicrafts
Class here: Sloyd, traditional arts & crafts in the classroom
1.3
YPCEducational: Language, literature & literacy1.2
YPCAEducational: first/native language
YPCA1Educational: first/native language: basic literacy
Use for: books aimed at teaching or encouraging primary skills such as letter & word recognition and formation
1.3
YPCA2Educational: first/native language: reading & writing skills
Use for: books aimed at teaching or encouraging independent reading & writing
1.3
YPCA21Educational: first/native language: readers & reading schemes
Use for: books that are part of a structured ‘learning to read’ scheme suitable for school and/or home use, usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE (4*) Qualifiers, and other Children’s & Teenage subject codes to indicate if they are stories (YF*) or general interest
1.3
YPCA22Educational: first/native language: handwriting skills
YPCA23Educational: first/native language: spelling & vocabulary1.3
YPCA4Educational: first/native language: grammar & punctuation
YPCA5Educational: first/native language: speaking skills
YPCA9Educational: first/native language: literature studies
YPCA91Educational: first/native language: school editions of literature texts
YPCKEducational: modern (non-native) languages
Use with: (all YPCK* codes) LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
YPCK2Educational: modern (non-native) languages: language learning
Use for: language teaching & learning material & coursework
YPCK21Educational: modern (non-native) languages: language learning: grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation1.3
YPCK22Educational: modern (non-native) languages: language learning: readers
Use for: purpose-written or simplified versions of texts for language learners, usually graded by language level and breadth of vocabulary. Use with: LANGUAGE (2*) and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE (4*) Qualifiers, and other Children’s & Teenage subject codes to indicate if they are stories (YF*) or general interest
1.3
YPCK9Educational: modern (non-native) languages: literature studies
YPCK91Educational: modern (non-native) languages: school editions of literature texts
YPCSEducational: classical & ancient languages
Use with: (all YPCS* codes) LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
YPCS4Educational: classical & ancient languages: language learning
YPCS9Educational: classical & ancient languages: literature studies
YPCS91Educational: classical & ancient languages: school editions of classical texts
YPJEducational: Humanities & social sciences, general
YPJHEducational: History
Use with: PLACE 1*, TIME PERIOD 3* and EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE 4* Qualifiers as appropriate
1.3
YPJJEducational: Social sciences, social studies
YPJJ1Educational: Politics & constitution
YPJJ3Educational: Citizenship & social education
Class here: civics
1.3
YPJJ4Educational: Local / integrated studies
Use for: material for pupils that teach a mixture of subjects, often linked to the place where they are living and including its customs, history, geography, natural history etc
1.3
YPJJ5Educational: Psychology
YPJJ6Educational: Personal & health education
Class here: life skills, personal health, wellbeing, relationships, personal care, personal safety. Use with: Other YX* codes as appropriate. YXR for safety, YXAX for sex education
1.3
YPJKEducational: Media studies
Class here: schoolbooks on film studies, new media, television, electronic communication
1.3
YPJLEducational: Philosophy & ethics1.3
YPJMEducational: Law / legal studies
Use for: any material that deals with legal science, the law, specific types of law at a secondary school level
1.3
YPJNEducational: Religious studies
See also: YNR Children’s / Teenage general interest: Religion & beliefs
YPJN1Educational: Religious studies: Hinduism
See also: YNRD Children’s / Teenage general interest: Hinduism
YPJN2Educational: Religious studies: Buddhism
See also: YNRF Children’s / Teenage general interest: Buddhism
YPJN3Educational: Religious studies: Judaism
See also: YNRJ Children’s / Teenage general interest: Judaism
YPJN4Educational: Religious studies: Christianity
See also: YNRM Children’s / Teenage general interest: Christianity
YPJN5Educational: Religious studies: Islam
See also: YNRP Children’s / Teenage general interest: Islam
YPJN9Educational: Religious studies: other religions
See also: YNRR Children’s / Teenage general interest: other religions
YPJTEducational: Geography
YPJVEducational: Business studies & economics
YPJV1Educational: Economics1.3
YPJV2Educational: Business administration & office skills
Class here: workplace practices. Use for: educational material that covers any aspect of business administration
1.3
YPJV3Educational: Accounting1.3
YPMEducational: Mathematics, science & technology, general
YPMFEducational: Mathematics & numeracy
YPMF1Educational: Mathematics & numeracy: arithmetic / times tables1.3
YPMPEducational: Sciences, general science
YPMP1Educational: Biology
YPMP3Educational: Chemistry
YPMP5Educational: Physics
YPMP51Educational: Astronomy1.3
YPMP6Educational: Environmental science1.3
YPMTEducational: Technology
YPMT2Educational: Design & technology
Class here: Educational: product design
1.3
YPMT3Educational: Engineering
Class here: Educational: vehicle engineering
1.3
YPMT4Educational: Food technology, cooking skills
Class here: Educational: nutrition, food preparation
1.3
YPMT5Educational: Electronics
Class here: Educational: electronic products,systems & technology, electricity
1.3
YPMT6Educational: IT & computing, ICT
Class here: coding or programming classes
1.3
YPMT7Educational: Technical drawing1.3
YPMT8Educational: Woodwork, metalwork, etc1.3
YPWEducational: Vocational & other subjects
YPWBEducation: Family & consumer sciences / domestic management
Use for: material for pupils that deal with the economics and management of the home, the family and relationships with the wider community
1.3
YPWCEducational: Other vocational education & training
Use for: all vocational subjects taught at school not listed separately. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate, for example from the T* section
1.3
YPWC1Educational: Health & social care
Use for: material for pupils about professions linked to health & social care
1.3
YPWC2Educational: Child care / Child development
Use for: material for pupils about professions linked to child care
1.3
YPWC3Educational: Sales & retail skills
Use for: material for pupils about sales / retail sector
1.3
YPWC4Educational: Hospitality
Use for: material for pupils about the leisure industry, travel, tourism, hotels
1.3
YPWC5Educational: Hairdressing, salon & beauty therapy skills1.3
YPWC9Educational: Work experience / Careers
Use for: material for pupils about the world of work, the skills needed, placements
1.3
YPWFEducational: Physical education
Class here: Sports studies, gym class, physical training (PT). Use for: material for pupils related to maintaining the human body through physical exercises & sports
1.3
YPWLEducational: General studies / study skills general
YPZEducational: study & revision guides
Use for: ALL study & revision guides, or supplementary workbook / exercise books, for primary and secondary education. Use with: relevant YP* code above indicating subject where possible
1.3
YPZNEducation: Non-Verbal reasoning1.3
YPZPEducation: Verbal reasoning1.3
YRChildren’s / Teenage reference material
YRDChildren’s / Teenage reference: Dictionaries and language reference
Class here: monolingual dictionaries for school or home use. Use with: (all YRD*) LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2*, as appropriate
1.3
YRDCChildren’s / Teenage reference: Picture dictionaries1.3
YRDLChildren’s / Teenage reference: Bilingual / multilingual dictionaries1.3
YRDMChildren’s / Teenage reference: non-native language study and reference
Class here: self-study language learning, titles on second languages for home learning, word books etc
1.3
YREChildren’s / Teenage reference: Encyclopaedias, general reference
Use for: non-subject-specific works only; for subject-specific reference works, use YRG
YRGChildren’s / Teenage reference: Subject-specific reference
Use with: another Y* code indicating the subject or scope of the reference work
YRWChildren’s / Teenage reference: Atlases & maps
Use with: PLACE Qualifiers 1*, as appropriate
YXChildren’s / Teenage: Personal & social topics
Use for: (all YX* codes) alone or with other Y* codes indicating type of book. Use with: appropriate YF* code for fiction dealing with these topics or issues
1.3
YXAChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: body & health1.3
YXABChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: fitness, exercise & healthy eating1.3
YXAXChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: sex education & the facts of life1.3
YXBChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: LGBT
Use with: INTEREST Qualifiers 5PSG, 5PSL, 5PT as appropriate
1.3
YXCChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: gender identity
Use for: titles that deal with anything to do with gender for young people, for example what it means to be a girl or boy or questions about identity. Use with: other codes as appropriate to give more information
See also: YNMF Children’s / Teenage general interest: Girls & women, YNMH Children’s / Teenage general interest: Boys & men
1.3
YXDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: self-awareness & self-esteem
Class here: self-discovery
1.3
YXEChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: emotions, moods & feelings
Class here: understanding fears, happiness, solidarity, sadness, empathy, alienation, frustration, anger, etc
1.3
YXFChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: families & family issues
Class here: parents & step-parents, siblings, grandparents, relatives, blended families etc
1.3
YXFDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: divorce, separation, family break-up1.3
YXFFChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: adoption / fostering
Class here: orphans
1.3
YXFSChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: new baby
Class here: new brother, new sister
1.3
YXGChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: death & bereavement1.3
YXGSChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: suicide1.21.3
YXHChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: relationships (non-family)
Use for: relationships within peer or social groups
1.3
YXHBChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: friends & friendship issues1.3
YXHLChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: dating, relationships & love1.3
YXHYChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: teenage pregnancy1.3
YXJChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: drugs & addiction1.3
YXKChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: disability & special needs1.3
YXLChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: physical & mental health conditions
Use for: titles aimed either at young people who are suffering themselves or dealing with someone else suffering from one of these conditions
1.21.3
YXLBChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: illness & specific physical health conditions
Class here: living with disease & long-term physical conditions, injuries
1.3
YXLB1Children’s / Teenage personal & social topics: cancer1.3
YXLDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: mental health
Class here: mental disorders
1.3
YXLD1Children’s / Teenage personal & social topics: eating disorders1.3
YXLD2Children’s / Teenage personal & social topics: anxiety, depression & self-harm
Class here: panic attacks
1.3
YXLD6Children’s / Teenage personal & social topics: positive / good mental health
Class here: mindfulness
1.3
YXNChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: racism & multiculturalism1.3
YXPChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: diversity / inclusivity
Use for: books that deal with these topics and stories with a particularly diverse cast of characters, or which illustrate inclusivity within the context of the story without necessarily being the subject of the story. Use with: YF* codes for stories and values from 5P* INTEREST Qualifiers if appropriate
1.3
YXPBChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: prejudice & intolerance
Class here: discrimination
1.3
YXQChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: bullying, violence, abuse & peer pressure1.3
YXQDChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: abuse
Class here: physical, mental, emotional or sexual abuse
1.3
YXQFChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: bullying & harassment
Class here: cyber bullying, trolling
1.3
YXRChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: personal safety
Class here: dealing with strangers, road safety, safety in the home etc
1.11.3
YXSChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: runaways
Class here: homelessness
1.11.3
YXTChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: truancy & school problems1.3
YXVTeenage personal & social topics: advice on careers & further education, leaving school
Use for: titles about work, jobs, careers, professions aimed at a young audience but not educational
See also: YPJV2 Educational: Business administration & office skills, YPWC9 Educational: Work experience / Careers
1.3
YXWChildren’s / Teenage personal & social topics: first experiences & growing up1.3
YXZChildren’s / Teenage: Social issues
YXZGChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Environment & green issues
YXZMChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Migration & refugees1.2
YXZRChildren’s / Teenage social issues: Religious issues
YXZWChildren’s / Teenage social issues: War & conflict issues
YZChildren’s / Teenage stationery & miscellaneous items
Use for: stationery & non-book items for children not able to be classified with any other Y* code
YZGChildren’s gift books
Use for: small books, typically decorative or humorous, intended to be given as gifts to children
YZSChildren’s stationery items
Class here: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc intended for children; assign also another code indicating subject where possible
See also: WZS Stationery items
1.1
YZSNBlank children’s stationery items
Class here: blank exercise books, autograph books and other content-free items for children
See also: WZSN Blank stationery items
1.1
1Place qualifiers
DO NOT USE “1” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 1* as appropriate
1.2
1AWorld
Use for: indicating a specifically global context
1.2
1DEurope
1DDWestern Europe
1DDBBelgium
1DDB‑BE‑BBrussels201608
1DDB‑BE‑FFlanders201704
1DDB‑BE‑FAAntwerp (Province)201704
1DDB‑BE‑FAAAntwerp201704
1DDB‑BE‑FBFlemish Brabant201704
1DDB‑BE‑FBALeuven
1DDB‑BE‑FCLimburg (BE)201710
1DDB‑BE‑FCAHasselt
1DDB‑BE‑FDEast Flanders201704
1DDB‑BE‑FDAGhent201704
1DDB‑BE‑FEWest Flanders201704
1DDB‑BE‑FEABruges201704
1DDB‑BE‑WWallonia / Wallonie201704
1DDB‑BE‑WAWallonian Brabant201704
1DDB‑BE‑WAAWavre
1DDB‑BE‑WBHainaut201704
1DDB‑BE‑WBAMons201704
1DDB‑BE‑WBBCharleroi
1DDB‑BE‑WCLiège (Province)201704
1DDB‑BE‑WCALiège201704
1DDB‑BE‑WDLuxembourg (Province)201704
1DDB‑BE‑WDAArlon / Arlen201704
1DDB‑BE‑WENamur (Province)201704
1DDB‑BE‑WEANamur201704
1DDFFrance
1DDF‑FR‑XRegions of France201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes201704
1DDF‑FR‑CAuvergne
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑CAAllier
1DDF‑FR‑CAAMoulins
1DDF‑FR‑CABMontluçon201704
1DDF‑FR‑CACVichy201704
1DDF‑FR‑CBCantal
1DDF‑FR‑CBAAurillac
1DDF‑FR‑CBBMauriac201704
1DDF‑FR‑CBCSaint-Flour201704
1DDF‑FR‑CCHaute-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑CCALe Puy-en-Velay
Class here: Velay
201704
1DDF‑FR‑CCBBrioude201704
1DDF‑FR‑CCCYssingeaux201704
1DDF‑FR‑CDPuy-de-Dôme
Class here: Chaîne des Puys
201704
1DDF‑FR‑CDAClermont-Ferrand
1DDF‑FR‑CDBAmbert201704
1DDF‑FR‑CDCIssoire201704
1DDF‑FR‑CDDRiom201704
1DDF‑FR‑CDEThiers201704
1DDF‑FR‑VRhône-Alpes201704
1DDF‑FR‑VAAin
1DDF‑FR‑VAABourg-en-Bresse
Class here: Bresse
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VABBelley201704
1DDF‑FR‑VACGex201704
1DDF‑FR‑VADNantua201704
1DDF‑FR‑VBArdèche
Class here: Vivarais
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VBAPrivas
1DDF‑FR‑VBBLargentière201704
1DDF‑FR‑VBCTournon-sur-Rhône201704
1DDF‑FR‑VCDrôme
1DDF‑FR‑VCAValence
1DDF‑FR‑VCBDie201704
1DDF‑FR‑VCCNyons201704
1DDF‑FR‑VDIsère
1DDF‑FR‑VDAGrenoble
1DDF‑FR‑VDBLa Tour-du-Pin201704
1DDF‑FR‑VDCVienne (Isère)201704
1DDF‑FR‑VELoire
See also: 1DDF-FR-ZL The Loire & the Loire Valley
1DDF‑FR‑VEASaint-Étienne
1DDF‑FR‑VEBMontbrison201704
1DDF‑FR‑VECRoanne201704
1DDF‑FR‑VFRhône
1DDF‑FR‑VFALyon
Class here: Lyonnais
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VFBVillefranche-sur-Saône201704
1DDF‑FR‑VGSavoy
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VGAChambéry
1DDF‑FR‑VGBAlbertville201704
1DDF‑FR‑VGCSaint-Jean-de-Maurienne201704
1DDF‑FR‑VHHaute-Savoie
1DDF‑FR‑VHAAnnecy
Class here: Lake Annecy
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VHBBonneville201704
1DDF‑FR‑VHCChamonix
See also: 1DZTA-FR-B Mont Blanc Massif
201704
1DDF‑FR‑VHDSaint-Julien-en-Genevois201704
1DDF‑FR‑VHEThonon-les-Bains201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZBBourbonnais
Class here: Bourbon
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZFForez / Livradois201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZGBeaujolais201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZHDauphiné / Dauphiny201704
1DDF‑FR‑XAZKChablais201704
1DDF‑FR‑XBBourgogne-Franche-Comté201704
1DDF‑FR‑EBurgundy201704
1DDF‑FR‑EACôte-d’Or
1DDF‑FR‑EAADijon
1DDF‑FR‑EABBeaune201704
1DDF‑FR‑EACMontbard201704
1DDF‑FR‑EBNièvre
Class here: Nivernais
201704
1DDF‑FR‑EBANevers
1DDF‑FR‑EBBChâteau-Chinon & the Morvan201704
1DDF‑FR‑EBCClamecy201704
1DDF‑FR‑EBDCosne-Cours-sur-Loire201704
1DDF‑FR‑ECSaône-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑ECAMâcon & the Mâconnais
Class here: Cluny
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ECBAutun201704
1DDF‑FR‑ECCChalon-sur-Saône & the Chalonnais201704
1DDF‑FR‑ECDCharolles & the Charolais201704
1DDF‑FR‑ECELouhans201704
1DDF‑FR‑EDYonne
1DDF‑FR‑EDAAuxerre
1DDF‑FR‑EDBAvallon201704
1DDF‑FR‑JFranche-Comté
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑JADoubs
1DDF‑FR‑JAAMontbéliard201704
1DDF‑FR‑JABBesançon
1DDF‑FR‑JACPontarlier201704
1DDF‑FR‑JBJura (39)
See also: 1DZT-FR-J Jura Mountains
1DDF‑FR‑JBALons-le-Saunier
1DDF‑FR‑JBBDole201704
1DDF‑FR‑JBCSaint-Claude201704
1DDF‑FR‑JCHaute-Saône
1DDF‑FR‑JCAVesoul
1DDF‑FR‑JCBLure201704
1DDF‑FR‑JDTerritoire de Belfort
1DDF‑FR‑JDABelfort
1DDF‑FR‑XCOccitanie201704
1DDF‑FR‑MLanguedoc-Roussillon201704
1DDF‑FR‑MAAude
1DDF‑FR‑MAACarcassonne
1DDF‑FR‑MABLimoux201704
1DDF‑FR‑MACNarbonne201704
1DDF‑FR‑MADRennes-le-Château201704
1DDF‑FR‑MBGard
1DDF‑FR‑MBANîmes
Class here: Pont du Gard
201704
1DDF‑FR‑MBBAlès201704
1DDF‑FR‑MBCLe Vigan201704
1DDF‑FR‑MCHérault
1DDF‑FR‑MCAMontpellier
1DDF‑FR‑MCBBéziers201704
1DDF‑FR‑MCCLodève201704
1DDF‑FR‑MDLozère
1DDF‑FR‑MDAMende
1DDF‑FR‑MDBFlorac Trois Rivières201704
1DDF‑FR‑MEPyrénées-Orientales
1DDF‑FR‑MEAPerpignan
1DDF‑FR‑MEBCéret201704
1DDF‑FR‑MECPrades201704
1DDF‑FR‑PMidi-Pyrénées201704
1DDF‑FR‑PAAriège
1DDF‑FR‑PAAFoix
Class here: County of Foix
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PABPamiers201704
1DDF‑FR‑PACSaint-Girons
Class here: Couserans
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PBAveyron
Class here: Rouergue
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PBARodez
1DDF‑FR‑PBBMillau201704
1DDF‑FR‑PBCVillefranche-de-Rouergue201704
1DDF‑FR‑PCHaute-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑PCAToulouse
Class here: Toulousain
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PCBMuret201704
1DDF‑FR‑PCCSaint-Gaudens
Class here: Comminges
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PDGers
1DDF‑FR‑PDAAuch
1DDF‑FR‑PDBCondom201704
1DDF‑FR‑PDCMirande201704
1DDF‑FR‑PELot
1DDF‑FR‑PEACahors
1DDF‑FR‑PEBFigeac201704
1DDF‑FR‑PECGourdon201704
1DDF‑FR‑PFHautes-Pyrénées
Class here: Bigorre, Lavedan, vallées des Gaves
201704
1DDF‑FR‑PFATarbes
1DDF‑FR‑PFBArgelès-Gazost201704
1DDF‑FR‑PFCBagnères-de-Bigorre201704
1DDF‑FR‑PFDLourdes201704
1DDF‑FR‑PGTarn
1DDF‑FR‑PGAAlbi
1DDF‑FR‑PGBCastres201704
1DDF‑FR‑PHTarn-et-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑PHAMontauban
1DDF‑FR‑PHBCastelsarrasin201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZOccitanie: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZAArmagnac201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZBAubrac201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZCCévennes201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZGGévaudan201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZLLanguedoc201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZMCanal du Midi201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZNCausses
Class here: Grandes Causses
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZQQuercy201704
1DDF‑FR‑XCZRRoussillion201704
1DDF‑FR‑XEGrand-Est201704
1DDF‑FR‑AAlsace
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑AABas-Rhin
1DDF‑FR‑AAAStrasbourg
1DDF‑FR‑AABHaguenau201704
1DDF‑FR‑AACMolsheim201704
1DDF‑FR‑AADSaverne201704
1DDF‑FR‑AAESélestat201704
1DDF‑FR‑ABHaut-Rhin
1DDF‑FR‑ABAColmar
1DDF‑FR‑ABBAltkirch201704
1DDF‑FR‑ABCMulhouse201704
1DDF‑FR‑ABDThann201704
1DDF‑FR‑HChampagne-Ardenne201704
1DDF‑FR‑HAArdennes
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑HAASedan201704
1DDF‑FR‑HABCharleville-Mézières
Class here: Givet
201704
1DDF‑FR‑HACRethel201704
1DDF‑FR‑HADVouziers201704
1DDF‑FR‑HBAube
1DDF‑FR‑HBATroyes
1DDF‑FR‑HBBBar-sur-Aube201704
1DDF‑FR‑HBCNogent-sur-Seine201704
1DDF‑FR‑HCMarne
1DDF‑FR‑HCAChâlons-en-Champagne
1DDF‑FR‑HCBÉpernay201704
1DDF‑FR‑HCCReims201704
1DDF‑FR‑HCDSainte-Menehould201704
1DDF‑FR‑HCEVitry-le-François201704
1DDF‑FR‑HDHaute-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑HDAChaumont
1DDF‑FR‑HDBLangres201704
1DDF‑FR‑HDCSaint-Dizier201704
1DDF‑FR‑OLorraine
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑OAMeurthe-et-Moselle
1DDF‑FR‑OAANancy
1DDF‑FR‑OABLunéville201704
1DDF‑FR‑OACToul201704
1DDF‑FR‑OADVal-de-Briey201704
1DDF‑FR‑OBMeuse
1DDF‑FR‑OBABar-le-Duc
1DDF‑FR‑OBBCommercy201704
1DDF‑FR‑OBCVerdun201704
1DDF‑FR‑OCMoselle
1DDF‑FR‑OCAMetz
1DDF‑FR‑OCBThionville201704
1DDF‑FR‑OCCSarreguemines201704
1DDF‑FR‑OCDSarrebourg201704
1DDF‑FR‑OCEForbach201704
1DDF‑FR‑ODVosges
1DDF‑FR‑ODAÉpinal
1DDF‑FR‑ODBNeufchâteau201704
1DDF‑FR‑ODCSaint-Dié-des-Vosges201704
1DDF‑FR‑XEZGrand-Est: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XEZCChampagne201704
1DDF‑FR‑XEZVVosges Mountains201704
1DDF‑FR‑FBrittany
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑FACôtes-d’Armor
1DDF‑FR‑FAASaint-Brieuc
1DDF‑FR‑FABDinan201704
1DDF‑FR‑FACGuingamp201704
1DDF‑FR‑FADLannion201704
1DDF‑FR‑FBFinistère
1DDF‑FR‑FBAQuimper
1DDF‑FR‑FBBBrest201704
1DDF‑FR‑FBCChâteaulin201704
1DDF‑FR‑FBDMorlaix201704
1DDF‑FR‑FCIlle-et-Vilaine
1DDF‑FR‑FCARennes
1DDF‑FR‑FCBFougères201704
1DDF‑FR‑FCCRedon201704
1DDF‑FR‑FCDSaint-Malo201704
1DDF‑FR‑FDMorbihan
1DDF‑FR‑FDAVannes
1DDF‑FR‑FDBLorient201704
1DDF‑FR‑FDCPontivy201704
1DDF‑FR‑FDDCarnac201704
1DDF‑FR‑FZBrittany: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑FZCCornouaille201704
1DDF‑FR‑GCentre-Val de Loire201704
1DDF‑FR‑GACher
1DDF‑FR‑GAASaint-Amand-Montrond201704
1DDF‑FR‑GABBourges
1DDF‑FR‑GACVierzon201704
1DDF‑FR‑GADSancerre
Class here: Sancerrois
201704
1DDF‑FR‑GBEure-et-Loir
1DDF‑FR‑GBAChartres
1DDF‑FR‑GBBChâteaudun
Class here: Dunois
201704
1DDF‑FR‑GBCDreux201704
1DDF‑FR‑GBDNogent-le-Rotrou201704
1DDF‑FR‑GCIndre
1DDF‑FR‑GCAChâteauroux
1DDF‑FR‑GCBLe Blanc201704
1DDF‑FR‑GCCLa Châtre201704
1DDF‑FR‑GCDIssoudun201704
1DDF‑FR‑GDIndre-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑GDATours
1DDF‑FR‑GDBChinon201704
1DDF‑FR‑GDCLoches201704
1DDF‑FR‑GELoir-et-Cher
1DDF‑FR‑GEABlois
Class here: Blesois
201704
1DDF‑FR‑GEBRomorantin-Lanthenay201704
1DDF‑FR‑GECVendôme201704
1DDF‑FR‑GFLoiret
1DDF‑FR‑GFAOrléans
Class here: Orléanais
201704
1DDF‑FR‑GFBMontargis201704
1DDF‑FR‑GFCPithiviers201704
1DDF‑FR‑GZCentre-Val de Loire: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑GZBBerry201704
1DDF‑FR‑GZSSologne201704
1DDF‑FR‑GZTTouraine201704
1DDF‑FR‑XHHauts-de-France201704
1DDF‑FR‑QNord-Pas-de-Calais201704
1DDF‑FR‑QANord
1DDF‑FR‑QAALille
1DDF‑FR‑QABAvesnes-sur-Helpe201704
1DDF‑FR‑QACCambrai201704
1DDF‑FR‑QADDouai201704
1DDF‑FR‑QAEDunkirk201704
1DDF‑FR‑QAFValenciennes201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBPas-de-Calais
1DDF‑FR‑QBAArras
1DDF‑FR‑QBBBéthune201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBCBoulogne
Class here: Boulogne-sur-Mer
201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBDCalais201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBELens201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBFMontreuil201704
1DDF‑FR‑QBGSaint-Omer201704
1DDF‑FR‑SPicardy
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑SAAisne
1DDF‑FR‑SAALaon
1DDF‑FR‑SABChâteau-Thierry201704
1DDF‑FR‑SACSaint-Quentin201704
1DDF‑FR‑SADSoissons201704
1DDF‑FR‑SAEVervins201704
1DDF‑FR‑SBOise
1DDF‑FR‑SBABeauvais
1DDF‑FR‑SBBClermont201704
1DDF‑FR‑SBCCompiègne201704
1DDF‑FR‑SBDSenlis201704
1DDF‑FR‑SCSomme
1DDF‑FR‑SCAAmiens
1DDF‑FR‑SCBAbbeville201704
1DDF‑FR‑SCCMontdidier201704
1DDF‑FR‑SCDPéronne201704
1DDF‑FR‑XHZHauts-de-France: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XHZAArtois201704
1DDF‑FR‑ICorsica
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑IACorse-du-Sud
1DDF‑FR‑IAAAjaccio
1DDF‑FR‑IABSartène201704
1DDF‑FR‑IBHaute-Corse
1DDF‑FR‑IBABastia
1DDF‑FR‑IBBCalvi201704
1DDF‑FR‑IBCCorte201704
1DDF‑FR‑LÎle-de-France
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑LAParis (75)
1DDF‑FR‑LAAParis
1DDF‑FR‑LBSeine-et-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑LBAMelun
1DDF‑FR‑LBBFontainebleau201704
1DDF‑FR‑LBCMeaux201704
1DDF‑FR‑LBDProvins201704
1DDF‑FR‑LBETorcy201704
1DDF‑FR‑LCYvelines
1DDF‑FR‑LCAVersailles
1DDF‑FR‑LCBMantes-la-Jolie201704
1DDF‑FR‑LCCRambouillet201704
1DDF‑FR‑LCDSaint-Germain-en-Laye201704
1DDF‑FR‑LDEssonne
1DDF‑FR‑LDAÉvry
1DDF‑FR‑LDBÉtampes201704
1DDF‑FR‑LDCPalaiseau201704
1DDF‑FR‑LEHauts-de-Seine
1DDF‑FR‑LEANanterre
1DDF‑FR‑LEBAntony201704
1DDF‑FR‑LECBoulogne-Billancourt201704
1DDF‑FR‑LFSeine-Saint-Denis
1DDF‑FR‑LFABobigny
1DDF‑FR‑LFBLe Raincy201704
1DDF‑FR‑LFCSaint-Denis201704
1DDF‑FR‑LGVal-de-Marne
1DDF‑FR‑LGACréteil
1DDF‑FR‑LGBL’Haÿ-les-Roses201704
1DDF‑FR‑LGCNogent-sur-Marne201704
1DDF‑FR‑LHVal-d’Oise
1DDF‑FR‑LHAPontoise
1DDF‑FR‑LHBArgenteuil201704
1DDF‑FR‑LHCSarcelles201704
1DDF‑FR‑LZÎle-de-France: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑LZBBrie201704
1DDF‑FR‑LZVVexin201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNNormandy
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBasse-Normandie201704
1DDF‑FR‑DACalvados
1DDF‑FR‑DAACaen
1DDF‑FR‑DABBayeux201704
1DDF‑FR‑DACLisieux201704
1DDF‑FR‑DADVire-Normandie201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBManche
Class here: Contentin / Cherbourg Peninsula
201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBASaint-Lô
1DDF‑FR‑DBBAvranches201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBCCherbourg-en-Cotentin201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBDCoutances201704
1DDF‑FR‑DBEMont Saint-Michel201704
1DDF‑FR‑DCOrne
1DDF‑FR‑DCAAlençon
1DDF‑FR‑DCBArgentan201704
1DDF‑FR‑DCCMortagne-au-Perche201704
1DDF‑FR‑KHaute-Normandie201704
1DDF‑FR‑KAEure
1DDF‑FR‑KAAÉvreux
1DDF‑FR‑KABLes Andelys201704
1DDF‑FR‑KACBernay201704
1DDF‑FR‑KBSeine-Maritime
1DDF‑FR‑KBARouen
1DDF‑FR‑KBBDieppe201704
1DDF‑FR‑KBCLe Havre201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNZNormandy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNZBNormandy Beaches201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNZDPerche201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNZFPays d’Auge201704
1DDF‑FR‑XNZHPays de Caux201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQNouvelle-Aquitaine201704
1DDF‑FR‑BAquitaine
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑BADordogne
See also: 1DDF-FR-Z France: Places of interest
1DDF‑FR‑BAAPérigueux
1DDF‑FR‑BABBergerac201704
1DDF‑FR‑BACNontron201704
1DDF‑FR‑BADSarlat-la-Canéda201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBGironde
1DDF‑FR‑BBABordeaux
1DDF‑FR‑BBBArcachon201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBCBlaye201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBDLangon201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBELesparre-Médoc201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBFLibourne201704
1DDF‑FR‑BBGSaint-Émilion201704
1DDF‑FR‑BCLandes
1DDF‑FR‑BCAMont-de-Marsan
1DDF‑FR‑BCBDax201704
1DDF‑FR‑BDLot-et-Garonne
1DDF‑FR‑BDAAgen
1DDF‑FR‑BDBMarmande201704
1DDF‑FR‑BDCNérac201704
1DDF‑FR‑BDDVilleneuve-sur-Lot201704
1DDF‑FR‑BEPyrénées-Atlantiques
1DDF‑FR‑BEAPau
1DDF‑FR‑BEBBayonne201704
1DDF‑FR‑BECBiarritz201704
1DDF‑FR‑BEDOloron-Sainte-Marie201704
1DDF‑FR‑NLimousin
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑NACorrèze
1DDF‑FR‑NAATulle
1DDF‑FR‑NABBrive-la-Gaillarde201704
1DDF‑FR‑NACUssel201704
1DDF‑FR‑NBCreuse
1DDF‑FR‑NBAGuéret
1DDF‑FR‑NBBAubusson201704
1DDF‑FR‑NCHaute-Vienne
1DDF‑FR‑NCALimoges
1DDF‑FR‑NCBBellac201704
1DDF‑FR‑NCCRochechouart201704
1DDF‑FR‑TPoitou-Charentes201704
1DDF‑FR‑TACharente
1DDF‑FR‑TAAAngoulême
Class here: Angoumois
201704
1DDF‑FR‑TABCognac201704
1DDF‑FR‑TACConfolens201704
1DDF‑FR‑TBCharente-Maritime
1DDF‑FR‑TBALa Rochelle
Class here: Aunis
201704
1DDF‑FR‑TBBJonzac201704
1DDF‑FR‑TBCRochefort201704
1DDF‑FR‑TBDSaint-Jean-d’Angély201704
1DDF‑FR‑TBESaintes
Class here: Saintonge
201704
1DDF‑FR‑TCDeux-Sèvres
1DDF‑FR‑TCANiort
1DDF‑FR‑TCBBressuire201704
1DDF‑FR‑TCCParthenay201704
1DDF‑FR‑TDVienne (86)
1DDF‑FR‑TDAPoitiers
1DDF‑FR‑TDBChâtellerault201704
1DDF‑FR‑TDCMontmorillon201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZNouvelle-Aquitaine: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZBBéarn201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZDGascony201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZGGuyenne201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZHNavarre (Lower)201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZJPérigord201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZKPoitou201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZLLascaux
Class here: Prehistoric sites and caves of the Vézère Valley
201704
1DDF‑FR‑XQZMLa Marche (Province)201704
1DDF‑FR‑RPays de la Loire201704
1DDF‑FR‑RALoire-Atlantique
1DDF‑FR‑RAASaint-Nazaire201704
1DDF‑FR‑RABNantes
Class here: pays Nantais
201704
1DDF‑FR‑RACChâteaubriant201704
1DDF‑FR‑RBMaine-et-Loire
1DDF‑FR‑RBAAngers
1DDF‑FR‑RBBSaumur201704
1DDF‑FR‑RBCCholet201704
1DDF‑FR‑RBDSegré201704
1DDF‑FR‑RCMayenne
1DDF‑FR‑RCALaval
1DDF‑FR‑RCBChâteau-Gontier201704
1DDF‑FR‑RDSarthe
1DDF‑FR‑RDALe Mans
1DDF‑FR‑RDBLa Flèche201704
1DDF‑FR‑RDCMamers201704
1DDF‑FR‑REVendée
Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑REALa Roche-sur-Yon
1DDF‑FR‑REBFontenay-le-Comte201704
1DDF‑FR‑RECLes Sables-d’Olonne201704
1DDF‑FR‑RZPays de la Loire: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑RZAAnjou201704
1DDF‑FR‑RZMMaine (province)201704
1DDF‑FR‑UProvence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur201704
1DDF‑FR‑UAAlpes-de-Haute-Provence
1DDF‑FR‑UAADigne-les-Bains
1DDF‑FR‑UABBarcelonnette201704
1DDF‑FR‑UACCastellane201704
1DDF‑FR‑UADForcalquier201704
1DDF‑FR‑UBHautes-Alpes
1DDF‑FR‑UBAGap
1DDF‑FR‑UBBBriançon201704
1DDF‑FR‑UCAlpes-Maritimes
1DDF‑FR‑UCANice
1DDF‑FR‑UCBGrasse201704
1DDF‑FR‑UCCCannes201704
1DDF‑FR‑UDBouches-du-Rhône
1DDF‑FR‑UDAMarseille
1DDF‑FR‑UDBAix-en-Provence201704
1DDF‑FR‑UDCArles201704
1DDF‑FR‑UDDIstres201704
1DDF‑FR‑UEVar
1DDF‑FR‑UEAToulon
1DDF‑FR‑UEBBrignoles201704
1DDF‑FR‑UECSaint-Tropez201704
1DDF‑FR‑UEDDraguignan201704
1DDF‑FR‑UFVaucluse
1DDF‑FR‑UFAAvignon
1DDF‑FR‑UFBApt201704
1DDF‑FR‑UFCCarpentras
Class here: Comtat Venaissin
201704
1DDF‑FR‑UFDOrange
Class here: principality of Orange. Use for: historical & cultural contexts as well as administrative
201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZProvence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZCFrench Riviera / Côte d’Azur201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZDThe Luberon201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZFMercantour201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZGCamargue201704
1DDF‑FR‑UZPProvence201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZFrance: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZBThe Seine
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZDThe Dordogne
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZLThe Loire & the Loire Valley
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZRThe Rhône
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201704
1DDF‑FR‑ZSMassif Central201704
1DDLLuxembourg
1DDMMonaco
Class here: Monte Carlo
201704
1DDNNetherlands
1DDN‑NL‑AAmsterdam
1DDN‑NL‑BNorth Brabant201710
1DDN‑NL‑BBBreda201710
1DDN‑NL‑BEEindhoven201710
1DDN‑NL‑BHs-Hertogenbosch201710
1DDN‑NL‑BTTilburg201710
1DDN‑NL‑DDrenthe201710
1DDN‑NL‑DAAssen201710
1DDN‑NL‑DEEmmen201710
1DDN‑NL‑FFlevoland
1DDN‑NL‑FAAlmere201710
1DDN‑NL‑FLLelystad201710
1DDN‑NL‑GGelderland
1DDN‑NL‑GAArnhem201710
1DDN‑NL‑GDApeldoorn201710
1DDN‑NL‑GEEde201710
1DDN‑NL‑GNNijmegen201710
1DDN‑NL‑HNorth Holland201710
1DDN‑NL‑HHHaarlem201710
1DDN‑NL‑HMAlkmaar201710
1DDN‑NL‑LLimburg (NL)201710
1DDN‑NL‑LMMaastricht201710
1DDN‑NL‑LVVenlo201710
1DDN‑NL‑NGroningen (province)201710
1DDN‑NL‑NGGroningen201710
1DDN‑NL‑RFriesland
1DDN‑NL‑RLLeeuwarden201710
1DDN‑NL‑SSouth Holland201710
1DDN‑NL‑SAAlphen aan den Rijn201710
1DDN‑NL‑SCDordrecht201710
1DDN‑NL‑SDDelft201710
1DDN‑NL‑SHThe Hague201710
1DDN‑NL‑SLLeiden201710
1DDN‑NL‑SRRotterdam201710
1DDN‑NL‑SZZoetermeer201710
1DDN‑NL‑UUtrecht (province)201710
1DDN‑NL‑UAAmersfoort201710
1DDN‑NL‑UUUtrecht201710
1DDN‑NL‑VOverijssel
1DDN‑NL‑VEEnschede201710
1DDN‑NL‑VZZwolle201710
1DDN‑NL‑ZZeeland
1DDN‑NL‑ZGGoes201710
1DDN‑NL‑ZMMiddelburg201710
1DDN‑NL‑ZVVlissingen201710
1DDRIreland
1DDR‑IE‑CConnaught201704
1DDR‑IE‑CGCounty Galway201704
1DDR‑IE‑CGCConnemara201704
1DDR‑IE‑CGDThe Twelve Bens201704
1DDR‑IE‑CGGGalway201704
1DDR‑IE‑CLLeitrim201704
1DDR‑IE‑CMMayo201704
1DDR‑IE‑CRRoscommon201704
1DDR‑IE‑CSSligo201704
1DDR‑IE‑LLeinster201704
1DDR‑IE‑LCCarlow201704
1DDR‑IE‑LDCounty Dublin201704
1DDR‑IE‑LDDDublin201704
1DDR‑IE‑LHLouth201704
1DDR‑IE‑LIWicklow201704
1DDR‑IE‑LIMThe Wicklow Mountains201704
1DDR‑IE‑LKKildare201704
1DDR‑IE‑LLLaois201704
1DDR‑IE‑LMMeath201704
1DDR‑IE‑LMNNewgrange
Class here: Brú na Bóinne, Knowth, Dowth
201704
1DDR‑IE‑LNLongford201704
1DDR‑IE‑LOOffaly201704
1DDR‑IE‑LWWestmeath201704
1DDR‑IE‑LXWexford201704
1DDR‑IE‑LYKilkenny201704
1DDR‑IE‑MMunster201704
1DDR‑IE‑MCCounty Cork201704
1DDR‑IE‑MCCCork201704
1DDR‑IE‑MKKerry201704
1DDR‑IE‑MKDDingle Penninsula201704
1DDR‑IE‑MKKKillarney201704
1DDR‑IE‑MKRRing of Kerry201704
1DDR‑IE‑MKSMacgillycuddy’s Reeks201704
1DDR‑IE‑MLClare201704
1DDR‑IE‑MLBThe Burren201704
1DDR‑IE‑MMCounty Limerick201704
1DDR‑IE‑MMLLimerick201704
1DDR‑IE‑MTTipperary201704
1DDR‑IE‑MWWaterford201704
1DDR‑IE‑UUlster
Use for: Refers to the nine counties of Ulster: three in Ireland and six in the U.K.
See also: 1DDU-GB-N Northern Ireland
2017041.3
1DDR‑IE‑UCCavan201704
1DDR‑IE‑UDDonegal201704
1DDR‑IE‑UMMonaghan201704
1DDR‑IE‑ZIreland: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201704
1DDR‑IE‑ZAAtlantic Coast of Ireland201704
1DDR‑IE‑ZSThe Shannon
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the valley & estuary
201704
1DDUUnited Kingdom, Great Britain
1DDU‑GB‑EEngland
1DDU‑GB‑EAEast Anglia
1DDU‑GB‑EACCambridgeshire
1DDU‑GB‑EACDCambridge201704
1DDU‑GB‑EANNorfolk
1DDU‑GB‑EASSuffolk
1DDU‑GB‑EAXEssex
1DDU‑GB‑EAZEast Anglia: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EAZFThe Fens & the Wash201704
1DDU‑GB‑EAZNNorfolk Broads201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMMidlands
1DDU‑GB‑EMDDerbyshire
See also: 1DDU-GB-EMZD The Peak District
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMDDDerby201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMFHerefordshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMHLeicestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EMHLLeicester201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMLLincolnshire
Class here: South Humberside
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMLLLincoln (UK)201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMMNorthamptonshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMNNottinghamshire
Class here: Sherwood Forest
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMNNNottingham201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMPShropshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMRRutland
1DDU‑GB‑EMSStaffordshire
1DDU‑GB‑EMSPStoke-on-Trent & The Potteries201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMTWorcestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EMWWarwickshire, West Midlands
1DDU‑GB‑EMWBBirmingham (UK)
1DDU‑GB‑EMWCCoventry201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMWSStratford-upon-Avon201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMWWWolverhapton & the Black Country201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMZMidlands: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMZDThe Peak District201704
1DDU‑GB‑EMZMWelsh Marches
Class here: Offa’s Dyke, Wye Valley, Shropshire Hills, Forest of Dean. Use with: a code from 1DDU-GB-W Wales if necessary
201704
1DDU‑GB‑ENNorth West England
1DDU‑GB‑ENCCheshire
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLancashire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside
1DDU‑GB‑ENLBBlackpool201704
1DDU‑GB‑ENLLLiverpool
1DDU‑GB‑ENLMManchester
1DDU‑GB‑ENMCumbria
See also: 1DDU-GB-ENZL The Lake District
201704
1DDU‑GB‑ENZNorth West England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑ENZLThe Lake District
Class here: the Lakeland Fells
201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESSouth & South East England
1DDU‑GB‑ESBBerkshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESBRReading201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESBWWindsor201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESDBedfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESFOxfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESFXOxford201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESHHampshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESHSSouthampton & the Solent201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESKKent
1DDU‑GB‑ESKCCanterbury201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESLLondon, Greater London
1DDU‑GB‑ESLCCentral London201510
1DDU‑GB‑ESLCWWestminster201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESLFCity of London201510
1DDU‑GB‑ESRSurrey
1DDU‑GB‑ESTHertfordshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESUBuckinghamshire
1DDU‑GB‑ESUBBletchley Park201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESWIsle of Wight
1DDU‑GB‑ESXSussex
1DDU‑GB‑ESXBBrighton & Hove201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESZSouth & South East England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESZDNorth & South Downs, the Weald201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESZFThe New Forest201704
1DDU‑GB‑ESZTThe Thames
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the valley & the estuary
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWSouth West England
1DDU‑GB‑EWCCornwall
1DDU‑GB‑EWCSIsles of Scilly201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWDDevon
1DDU‑GB‑EWDPPlymouth201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWGGloucestershire
1DDU‑GB‑EWSSomerset
1DDU‑GB‑EWSBBristol201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWSGGlastonbury201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWSHBath201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWTDorset
1DDU‑GB‑EWTBBournemouth & Poole
Class here: Christchurch
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWWWiltshire
1DDU‑GB‑EWWSSalisbury
See also: 1DDU-GB-EWZS Stonehenge
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWZSouth West England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWZCThe Cotswolds
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-GB-C
2017041.3
1DDU‑GB‑EWZDJurassic Coast & Purbeck
Class here: Dorset & East Devon Coast
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWZMDartmoor, Exmoor & Bodmin Moor201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWZSStonehenge
Class here: Avebury, Silbury Hill & other prehistoric sites on Salisbury Plain
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EWZWWessex201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYNorth & North East England
1DDU‑GB‑EYDDurham
1DDU‑GB‑EYKYorkshire
Class here: North Humberside
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYKHHull201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYKKYork201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYKLLeeds, Bradford1.1
1DDU‑GB‑EYKMMiddlesborough & Teesside201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYKSSheffield & Rotherham201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYNNorthumberland, Tyne & Wear
1DDU‑GB‑EYNCNewcastle
1DDU‑GB‑EYNSSunderland & Wearside201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZNorth & North East England: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZBThe Pennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-GB-P
2017041.3
1DDU‑GB‑EYZFNorth York Moors201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZHYorkshire Dales201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZLFarne Islands & Lindisfarne (Holy Island)201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZNNorthumberland National Park
Class here: The Cheviots
201704
1DDU‑GB‑EYZWHadrian’s Wall201704
1DDU‑GB‑NNorthern Ireland
1DDU‑GB‑NBBelfast
1DDU‑GB‑NCAntrim201704
1DDU‑GB‑NDArmagh201704
1DDU‑GB‑NECounty Derry / County Londonderry201704
1DDU‑GB‑NECDerry / Londonderry201704
1DDU‑GB‑NGDown201704
1DDU‑GB‑NJFermanagh201704
1DDU‑GB‑NTTyrone201704
1DDU‑GB‑NZNorthern Ireland: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201704
1DDU‑GB‑NZAGiant’s Causeway, North Antrim Coast & the Glens201704
1DDU‑GB‑NZMMourne Mountains201704
1DDU‑GB‑NZSSperrin Mountains201704
1DDU‑GB‑SScotland
1DDU‑GB‑SBLowland Scotland & Borders
Class here: Dumfries & Galloway, Southern Uplands
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SBRRhinn of Kells & Galloway Hills
Class here: Galloway Forest Park
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SCCentral Scotland
1DDU‑GB‑SCDDundee & Fife201704
1DDU‑GB‑SCEEdinburgh
1DDU‑GB‑SCGGlasgow
1DDU‑GB‑SCSStirling201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHNorthern Scotland, Highlands & Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHAAberdeen & Deeside201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHGThe Grampians
Class here: Cairngorms, Aviemore, Ben Nevis, Glencoe, Rannoch, Speyside etc
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHNLoch Ness & the Great Glen201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHVInverness201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHWNorthwest Highlands
Class here: Torridon Hills, Ross, Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, Lochalsh, Cape Wrath etc
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHFOrkney Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHJShetland Islands
1DDU‑GB‑SHLWestern Isles, Outer Hebrides
Class here: Lewis, Harris, Uist, Benbecula, Barra, etc
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHPInner Hebrides
Class here: Coll, Colonsay, Eigg, Islay, Jura, Rùm, Tiree etc
201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHPMIsle of Mull & Iona201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHQIsle of Skye201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHRIsle of Arran201704
1DDU‑GB‑SHTLoch Lomond & the Trossachs201704
1DDU‑GB‑WWales
1DDU‑GB‑WCMid Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WNNorth Wales
Class here: Anglesey
201704
1DDU‑GB‑WNSSnowdonia201704
1DDU‑GB‑WSSouth Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WSCCardiff
1DDU‑GB‑WSGSwansea & the Gower201704
1DDU‑GB‑WSYBrecon Beacons
Class here: Black Mountain, Black Mountains & Fforest Fawr
201704
1DDU‑GB‑WVSouthwest Wales
1DDU‑GB‑WVPPembrokeshire Coast201704
1DDU‑GB‑XChannel Islands
1DDU‑GB‑XGGuernsey201704
1DDU‑GB‑XJJersey201704
1DDU‑GB‑ZIsle of Man
1DFCentral Europe
1DFAAustria
1DFA‑AT‑BBurgenland
1DFA‑AT‑KCarinthia
1DFA‑AT‑MStyria
1DFA‑AT‑NLower Austria
1DFA‑AT‑RUpper Austria
1DFA‑AT‑SSalzburg
1DFA‑AT‑TTyrol
1DFA‑AT‑VVorarlberg
1DFA‑AT‑WVienna
1DFGGermany
1DFG‑DE‑BNortheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑BEBerlin
1DFG‑DE‑BGBrandenburg
1DFG‑DE‑BKGerman Baltic Sea coast & islands
1DFG‑DE‑BKARügen1.1
1DFG‑DE‑BMMecklenburg-Western Pomerania
1DFG‑DE‑BSSaxony-Anhalt
1DFG‑DE‑FEast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑FSSaxony
1DFG‑DE‑FSALeipzig1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FSBDresden1.1
1DFG‑DE‑FTThuringia
1DFG‑DE‑TSoutheast Germany
1DFG‑DE‑TBBavaria
1DFG‑DE‑TBALower Bavaria1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBBUpper Bavaria1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBCMunich1.1
1DFG‑DE‑TBDNuremburg1.1
1DFG‑DE‑USouthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑UBBaden-Württemberg
1DFG‑DE‑UBAStuttgart1.1
1DFG‑DE‑UHHesse
1DFG‑DE‑UHAFrankfurt1.1
1DFG‑DE‑URRhineland-Palatinate
1DFG‑DE‑URAPalatinate1.1
1DFG‑DE‑USSaarland
1DFG‑DE‑VNorthwest Germany
1DFG‑DE‑VAGerman North Sea coast & islands
1DFG‑DE‑VBBremen
1DFG‑DE‑VHHamburg
1DFG‑DE‑VNLower Saxony
1DFG‑DE‑VNAHanover1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRNorth Rhine-Westphalia
1DFG‑DE‑VRBDüsseldorf1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRCCologne1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRDDortmund1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VREEssen1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VRRRuhr district1.1
1DFG‑DE‑VSSchleswig-Holstein
1DFG‑DE‑XHistorical areas within Germany1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XAUpper Lusatia1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XBSwabia1.1
1DFG‑DE‑XCAllgäu1.1
1DFHSwitzerland
1DFH‑CH‑CEspace Mittelland
1DFH‑CH‑CBBern201704
1DFH‑CH‑CFFreiburg201704
1DFH‑CH‑CJJura201704
1DFH‑CH‑CNNeuchâtel201704
1DFH‑CH‑CSSolothurn201704
1DFH‑CH‑GLake Geneva Region201704
1DFH‑CH‑GGGeneva201704
1DFH‑CH‑GVVaud201704
1DFH‑CH‑GVLLausanne201710
1DFH‑CH‑GWValais201704
1DFH‑CH‑NNorthwest Switzerland201704
1DFH‑CH‑NAAargau / Argovie / Argovia
1DFH‑CH‑NBBasel-Landschaft201704
1DFH‑CH‑NDBasel201704
1DFH‑CH‑PEastern Switzerland201704
1DFH‑CH‑PCAppenzell Innerrhoden / Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures / Appenzello Interno /Appenzell dadens
1DFH‑CH‑PDAppenzell Ausserrhoden / Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures / Appenzello Esterno / Appenzell dador
1DFH‑CH‑PGGlarus / Glaris / Glarona / Glaruna
1DFH‑CH‑PKGraubünden / Grisons / Grigioni / Grischun
1DFH‑CH‑PNSt. Gallen / Saint-Gall / San Gallo / Son Gagl
1DFH‑CH‑PPSchaffhausen / Schaffhouse / Sciaffusa / Schaffusa
1DFH‑CH‑PRThurgau / Thurgovie / Turgovia / Thurgovia
1DFH‑CH‑RTessin / Ticino
1DFH‑CH‑UCentral Switzerland201704
1DFH‑CH‑ULLucerne201704
1DFH‑CH‑UNNidwalden / Nidwald / Nidvaldo / Sutsilvania
1DFH‑CH‑UOObwalden / Obwald / Obvaldo / Sursilvania
1DFH‑CH‑USSchwyz / Schwytz / Svitto / Sviz
1DFH‑CH‑UUUri
1DFH‑CH‑UVZug / Zoug / Zugo
1DFH‑CH‑XZurich201704
1DFLLiechtenstein
1DNNorthern Europe, Scandinavia
1DNCIceland
1DNC‑IS‑RReykjavík201710
1DNDDenmark
1DNDFFaroe Islands
1DNDF‑FO‑TThorshavn201510
1DND‑DK‑BBornholm201510
1DND‑DK‑FFunen and islands201510
1DND‑DK‑FOOdense201510
1DND‑DK‑JJutland201510
1DND‑DK‑JEEsbjerg201510
1DND‑DK‑JLAlborg201510
1DND‑DK‑JRArhus201510
1DND‑DK‑LLolland-Falster201510
1DND‑DK‑SZealand201510
1DND‑DK‑SKCopenhagen201510
1DND‑DK‑SRRoskilde201510
1DNFFinland
1DNNNorway
1DNN‑NO‑DNorthern Norway
1DNN‑NO‑DFFinnmark
1DNN‑NO‑DFVVadsø201704
1DNN‑NO‑DLNordland
1DNN‑NO‑DLBBodø201704
1DNN‑NO‑DLNNarvik
1DNN‑NO‑DTTroms
1DNN‑NO‑DTRTromsø201704
1DNN‑NO‑JSørlandet201704
1DNN‑NO‑JAAust-Agder
1DNN‑NO‑JALArendal
1DNN‑NO‑JGVest-Agder
1DNN‑NO‑JGFFarsund
1DNN‑NO‑JGKKristiansand
1DNN‑NO‑JGLLillesand
1DNN‑NO‑TTrøndelag201704
1DNN‑NO‑TDNord-Trøndelag201704
1DNN‑NO‑TDSSteinkjer
1DNN‑NO‑TRSør-Trøndelag201704
1DNN‑NO‑TRHTrondheim
1DNN‑NO‑VVestlandet
1DNN‑NO‑VHHordaland
1DNN‑NO‑VHBBergen
1DNN‑NO‑VMMøre og Romsdal201704
1DNN‑NO‑VMAÅlesund
1DNN‑NO‑VMKKristiansund
1DNN‑NO‑VMLMolde
1DNN‑NO‑VRRogaland
1DNN‑NO‑VRSStavanger
1DNN‑NO‑VWSogn og Fjordane
1DNN‑NO‑XØstlandet201704
1DNN‑NO‑XAAkershus
1DNN‑NO‑XBBuskerud
1DNN‑NO‑XBDDrammen
1DNN‑NO‑XFOslofjorden
1DNN‑NO‑XHHedmark
1DNN‑NO‑XHRHamar
1DNN‑NO‑XPOppland
1DNN‑NO‑XPLLillehammer
1DNN‑NO‑XSOslo
1DNN‑NO‑XTTelemark
1DNN‑NO‑XTKSkien
1DNN‑NO‑XVVestfold
1DNN‑NO‑XVLLarvik
1DNN‑NO‑XVNSandefjord
1DNN‑NO‑XVRTønsberg201704
1DNN‑NO‑XZØstfold201704
1DNN‑NO‑XZFFredrikstad
1DNN‑NO‑XZHHalden
1DNN‑NO‑XZMMoss
1DNN‑NO‑XZSSarpsborg
1DNSSweden
1DNS‑SE‑ASvealand
1DNS‑SE‑AAStockholm
1DNS‑SE‑AAAStockholm archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ABUppland
1DNS‑SE‑ABAUppsala1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ACSödermanland
1DNS‑SE‑ACANyköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑ADNärke
1DNS‑SE‑ADAÖrebro1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AEVästmanland
1DNS‑SE‑AEAVästerås1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AFDalarna
1DNS‑SE‑AFAFalun1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AGVärmland
1DNS‑SE‑AGAKarlstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑AHBergslagen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGötaland
1DNS‑SE‑BASkåne
1DNS‑SE‑BAAMalmö
1DNS‑SE‑BABÖsterlen1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BBHalland
1DNS‑SE‑BBAHalmstad1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BCBlekinge
1DNS‑SE‑BCAKarlskrona1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDSmåland
1DNS‑SE‑BDAVäxjö1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BDBKalmar1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BEÖland
1DNS‑SE‑BFGotland
1DNS‑SE‑BFAVisby1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BGÖstergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BGALinköping1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BHVästergötland
1DNS‑SE‑BJGothenburg
1DNS‑SE‑BJAGothenburg archipelago1.2
1DNS‑SE‑BKBohuslän
1DNS‑SE‑BLDalsland
1DNS‑SE‑CNorrland
1DNS‑SE‑CAGästrikland
1DNS‑SE‑CAAGävle1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CBHälsingland
1DNS‑SE‑CCJämtland
1DNS‑SE‑CCAÖstersund1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CDHärjedalen
1DNS‑SE‑CEMedelpad
1DNS‑SE‑CFÅngermanland
1DNS‑SE‑CFAHärnösand1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CGVästerbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CGAUmeå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CHNorrbotten
1DNS‑SE‑CHALuleå1.2
1DNS‑SE‑CJLapland
1DNS‑SE‑CKTornedalen
Class here: Meänmaa
1.2
1DSSouthern Europe
1DSESpain
1DSE‑ES‑AAndalusia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑AAAlmeria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AAAAlmeria (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ABCadiz (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ABACadiz (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ACCordoba (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ACACordoba (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ADGranada (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ADAGranada (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑ADXGranada: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201707201710
1DSE‑ES‑ADXASierra Nevada201707
1DSE‑ES‑AEHuelva (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AEAHuelva (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AFJaen (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AFAJaen (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AGMalaga (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AGAMalaga (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AGXMalaga: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201707201710
1DSE‑ES‑AGXACosta del Sol201707
1DSE‑ES‑AHSeville (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑AHASeville (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BBalearic Islands
1DSE‑ES‑BABaleares (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BAAMallorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BAABPalma de Mallorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BABMenorca201701
1DSE‑ES‑BABAMahon201701
1DSE‑ES‑BACIbiza (Island)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BACAIbiza (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑BADFormentera201701
1DSE‑ES‑CAragon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑CAHuesca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CAAHuesca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CBTeruel (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CBATeruel (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CCZaragoza (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑CCAZaragoza (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑DAsturias, Principality of
1DSE‑ES‑DAAsturias (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑DAAOviedo201701
1DSE‑ES‑DABGijon201701
1DSE‑ES‑ECanary Islands
Use for: political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MTANC for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
See also: 1MTANC The Canary Islands
1DSE‑ES‑EALas Palmas (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EAAGran Canaria201701
1DSE‑ES‑EAAALas Palmas de Gran Canaria201701
1DSE‑ES‑EABFuerteventura201701
1DSE‑ES‑EACLanzarote201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBSanta Cruz de Tenerife (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBATenerife201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBAASanta Cruz de Tenerife (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBBEl Hierro201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBCLa Gomera201701
1DSE‑ES‑EBDLa Palma201701
1DSE‑ES‑FCantabria, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑FACantabria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑FAASantander201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCastile-La Mancha, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑GAAlbacete (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GAAAlbacete (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GBCiudad Real (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GBACiudad Real (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCCuenca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GCACuenca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GDGuadalajara (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GDAGuadalajara (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GEToledo (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑GEAToledo (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCastile and Leon, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑HAAvila (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HAAAvila (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HBBurgos (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HBABurgos (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCLeon (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HCALeon (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HDPalencia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HDAPalencia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HESalamanca (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HEASalamanca (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HFSegovia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HFASegovia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HGSoria (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HGASoria (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HHValladolid (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HHAValladolid (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HJZamora (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑HJAZamora (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JCatalonia
1DSE‑ES‑JABarcelona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JAABarcelona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JBGirona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JBAGirona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JBXGirona: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201707201710
1DSE‑ES‑JBXACosta Brava201707
1DSE‑ES‑JCLerida / Lleida (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JCALerida / Lleida (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JDTarragona (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑JDATarragona (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KExtremadura, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑KACaceres (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KAACaceres (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KBBadajoz (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑KBABadajoz (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LGalicia, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑LACorunna (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LAACorunna (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LABSantiago de Compostela201707
1DSE‑ES‑LBLugo (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LBALugo (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LCOrense (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LCAOrense (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LDPontevedra (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑LDAPontevedra (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑MMadrid, Community of
1DSE‑ES‑MAMadrid (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑MAAMadrid (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑NMurcia, Region of
1DSE‑ES‑NAMurcia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑NAAMurcia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑QNavarre, Chartered Community of
1DSE‑ES‑QANavarre201701
1DSE‑ES‑QABPamplona201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBasque Autonomous Community
1DSE‑ES‑RAAlava201701
1DSE‑ES‑RAAVitoria201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBGuipuzcoa201701
1DSE‑ES‑RBASan Sebastian201701
1DSE‑ES‑RCBiscay201701
1DSE‑ES‑RCABilbao201701
1DSE‑ES‑SLa Rioja, Autonomous Community of
1DSE‑ES‑SALogroño (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑SAALogroño (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TValencian Community
1DSE‑ES‑TAAlicante (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TAAAlicante (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TAXAlicante: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201707201710
1DSE‑ES‑TAXACosta Blanca201707
1DSE‑ES‑TBCastellon (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TBACastellon (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TCValencia (Province)201701
1DSE‑ES‑TCAValencia (City)201701
1DSE‑ES‑UCeuta, Autonomous City of
1DSE‑ES‑VMelilla, Autonomous City of
1DSE‑ES‑XSpain: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201707201710
1DSE‑ES‑XAWay of St. James
Class here: The pilgrim trail, El Camino de Santiago
201707
1DSE‑ES‑XBLa Mancha201707
1DSE‑ES‑XCCantabrian Mountains201707
1DSGGibraltar
1DSMMalta
1DSM‑MT‑GGozo201710
1DSNAndorra
1DSPPortugal
1DSP‑PT‑BNorte (Northern Portugal)201710
1DSP‑PT‑BPPorto201710
1DSP‑PT‑CCentro (Central Portugal)201710
1DSP‑PT‑LLisboa (Region)201710
1DSP‑PT‑LLLisbon201710
1DSP‑PT‑LSSintra201710
1DSP‑PT‑NAlentejo201710
1DSP‑PT‑PAlgarve201710
1DSP‑PT‑PFFaro201710
1DSP‑PT‑RMadeira - Autonomous Region
Use for: political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MTANM for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
201710
1DSP‑PT‑RFFunchal201710
1DSP‑PT‑TAzores - Autonomous Region
Use for: political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MTANZ for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
201710
1DSTItaly
1DST‑IT‑NNorthern Italy
1DST‑IT‑NAAosta Valley201710
1DST‑IT‑NFFriuli Venezia Giulia
1DST‑IT‑NFGGorizia
1DST‑IT‑NFPPordenone
1DST‑IT‑NFTTrieste
1DST‑IT‑NFUUdine
1DST‑IT‑NGLiguria
1DST‑IT‑NGAGenoa
1DST‑IT‑NGMImperia
1DST‑IT‑NGSSavona
1DST‑IT‑NGZLa Spezia
1DST‑IT‑NLLombardy201710
1DST‑IT‑NLAVarese
1DST‑IT‑NLBBergamo
1DST‑IT‑NLCComo
1DST‑IT‑NLDLodi
1DST‑IT‑NLELecco
1DST‑IT‑NLMMilan
1DST‑IT‑NLNSondrio
1DST‑IT‑NLRCremona
1DST‑IT‑NLSBrescia
1DST‑IT‑NLTMantua201710
1DST‑IT‑NLVPavia
1DST‑IT‑NLZMonza & Brianza201710
1DST‑IT‑NPPiedmont201710
1DST‑IT‑NPAAlessandria
1DST‑IT‑NPLBiella
1DST‑IT‑NPNNovara
1DST‑IT‑NPRVercelli
1DST‑IT‑NPSAsti
1DST‑IT‑NPTTurin
1DST‑IT‑NPUCuneo
1DST‑IT‑NPVProvince of Verbano Cusio Ossola201710
1DST‑IT‑NTTrentino Alto Adige
Class here: South Tyrol
201710
1DST‑IT‑NTRTrento
1DST‑IT‑NTZBolzano
1DST‑IT‑NVVeneto
1DST‑IT‑NVDPadua
1DST‑IT‑NVEVenice
1DST‑IT‑NVNVerona
1DST‑IT‑NVRRovigo
1DST‑IT‑NVSTreviso
1DST‑IT‑NVUBelluno
1DST‑IT‑NVZVicenza
1DST‑IT‑NZNorthern Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1DST‑IT‑NZBThe Northern Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-A
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑NZDThe Dolomites201710
1DST‑IT‑NZLThe Italian lakes region
Class here: Lakes Orta, Lugano, Idro
201710
1DST‑IT‑NZLCLake Como201710
1DST‑IT‑NZLGLake Garda201710
1DST‑IT‑NZLMLake Maggiore201710
1DST‑IT‑NZLQLake Iseo201710
1DST‑IT‑NZPThe Po River & its tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-A
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑TCentral Italy
1DST‑IT‑TGEmilia Romagna
1DST‑IT‑TGBBologna
1DST‑IT‑TGCForlì-Cesena
1DST‑IT‑TGFFerrara
1DST‑IT‑TGMModena
1DST‑IT‑TGNRimini
1DST‑IT‑TGPParma
1DST‑IT‑TGRReggio Emilia201710
1DST‑IT‑TGVRavenna
1DST‑IT‑TGZPiacenza
1DST‑IT‑TMMarche
1DST‑IT‑TMAAncona
1DST‑IT‑TMFFermo
1DST‑IT‑TMPPesaro & Urbino201710
1DST‑IT‑TMSAscoli Piceno
1DST‑IT‑TMTMacerata
1DST‑IT‑TRUmbria
1DST‑IT‑TRPPerugia
Class here: Assisi
201710
1DST‑IT‑TRPTLake Trasimeno201710
1DST‑IT‑TRTTerni
1DST‑IT‑TSTuscany
1DST‑IT‑TSAArezzo
1DST‑IT‑TSESiena
1DST‑IT‑TSEBVal d’Orcia
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-N
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑TSFFlorence
1DST‑IT‑TSGGrosseto
1DST‑IT‑TSLLivorno
1DST‑IT‑TSLBElba201710
1DST‑IT‑TSMMassa-Carrara
1DST‑IT‑TSPPisa
1DST‑IT‑TSRPrato
1DST‑IT‑TSTPistoia
1DST‑IT‑TSULucca
1DST‑IT‑TZLazio
1DST‑IT‑TZFFrosinone
1DST‑IT‑TZLLatina
1DST‑IT‑TZRRome
1DST‑IT‑TZTRieti
1DST‑IT‑TZVViterbo
1DST‑IT‑TXCentral Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1DST‑IT‑TXAThe Arno river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, and mouth. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-C
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑TXCThe Tiber river and tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, marshes and mouth. Preferred code: use instead of 1DZA-IT-E
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑TXFThe Central Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-B
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑TXMMaremma
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-L
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑USouthern Italy & Islands
1DST‑IT‑UAAbruzzo
1DST‑IT‑UAHChieti
1DST‑IT‑UAPPescara
1DST‑IT‑UAQL’Aquila
1DST‑IT‑UATTeramo
1DST‑IT‑UCCalabria
1DST‑IT‑UCKCrotone
1DST‑IT‑UCRReggio Calabria
1DST‑IT‑UCSCosenza
1DST‑IT‑UCVVibo Valentia
1DST‑IT‑UCZCatanzaro
1DST‑IT‑UDSardinia
1DST‑IT‑UDCCagliari
1DST‑IT‑UDGProvince of Ogliastra201710
1DST‑IT‑UDMProvince of Medio Campidano201710
1DST‑IT‑UDNCarbonia-Iglesias
1DST‑IT‑UDROristano
1DST‑IT‑UDSSassari
1DST‑IT‑UDSDCosta Smeralda
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-T
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑UDTOlbia Tempio
1DST‑IT‑UDUNuoro
1DST‑IT‑UEMolise
1DST‑IT‑UECCampobasso
1DST‑IT‑UESIsernia
1DST‑IT‑ULSicily
1DST‑IT‑ULAAgrigento
1DST‑IT‑ULCCaltanissetta
1DST‑IT‑ULEEnna
1DST‑IT‑ULMMessina
1DST‑IT‑ULMEAeolian Islands
Class here: Stromboli, Lipari, Vulcano, Panarea, Alicudi, Filicudi
201710
1DST‑IT‑ULNTrapani
1DST‑IT‑ULPPalermo
1DST‑IT‑ULRRagusa
1DST‑IT‑ULSSyracuse
1DST‑IT‑ULTCatania
1DST‑IT‑ULTEMount Etna201710
1DST‑IT‑UMCampania
1DST‑IT‑UMLAvellino
1DST‑IT‑UMNNaples
1DST‑IT‑UMNCCapri / Ischia201710
1DST‑IT‑UMNPPompeii / Herculaneum201710
1DST‑IT‑UMNVMount Vesuvius201710
1DST‑IT‑UMSSalerno
1DST‑IT‑UMSCThe Amalfi coast
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-R
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑UMTCaserta
1DST‑IT‑UMVBenevento
1DST‑IT‑UPApulia
Class here: Puglia
201710
1DST‑IT‑UPABari
1DST‑IT‑UPGFoggia
1DST‑IT‑UPGBTavoliere delle Puglie
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-P
1.3
1DST‑IT‑UPLLecce
1DST‑IT‑UPRBarletta Andria Trani
1DST‑IT‑UPSBrindisi
1DST‑IT‑UPTTaranto
1DST‑IT‑USBasilicata
1DST‑IT‑USMMatera
1DST‑IT‑USPPotenza
1DST‑IT‑UZSouthern Italy: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1DST‑IT‑UZCThe Southern Apennines
Preferred code: use instead of 1DZT-IT-C
2017101.3
1DST‑IT‑UZCEMonte Gran Sasso201710
1DST‑IT‑UZCPMonte Pollino201710
1DST‑IT‑UZDSila201710
1DST‑IT‑XHistorical and cultural areas within Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHistorical and cultural areas: Northern Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNALanghe1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNCMonferrat1.1201710
1DST‑IT‑XNECanavese1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNFCinque Terre1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNHTigullio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNLFranciacorta1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNNLomellina1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNPPolesine1.1
1DST‑IT‑XNRCarnia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTHistorical and cultural areas: Central Italy1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTALunigiana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTCGarfagnana1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTEChianti1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTGMugello1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTLVersilia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XTNCiociaria1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUHistorical and cultural areas: Southern Italy & islands1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUACilento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUCIrpinia1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUESannio1.1
1DST‑IT‑XUGSalento1.1
1DST‑IT‑XULGallura1.1
1DSUSan Marino
1DSVVatican
1DTEastern Europe
1DTARussia
1DTA‑RU‑BRussia: Central District201710
1DTA‑RU‑BKKursk201710
1DTA‑RU‑BMMoscow201710
1DTA‑RU‑BSSmolensk201710
1DTA‑RU‑DRussia: Southern District201710
1DTA‑RU‑DBVolgograd
Class here: Stalingrad
201710
1DTA‑RU‑DDRostov-on-Don201710
1DTA‑RU‑FRussia: Northwestern District201710
1DTA‑RU‑FAArchangel / Arkhangelsk201710
1DTA‑RU‑FCKaliningrad201710
1DTA‑RU‑FDNovgorod201710
1DTA‑RU‑FPSaint Petersburg
Class here: Leningrad
201710
1DTA‑RU‑HRussia: Far Eastern District201710
1DTA‑RU‑JRussia: Siberian District201710
1DTA‑RU‑JZSiberia: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1DTA‑RU‑JZBSiberia: Lake Baikal201710
1DTA‑RU‑LRussia: Ural District201710
1DTA‑RU‑NRussia: Volga District201710
1DTA‑RU‑NNNizhny Novgorod201710
1DTA‑RU‑PRussia: North Caucasus District201710
1DTA‑RU‑PCChechen Republic (Chechnya)201710
1DTBBelarus (Belorussia)
1DTB‑BY‑MMinsk201710
1DTDLatvia
1DTD‑LV‑RRiga201710
1DTEEstonia
1DTE‑EE‑TTallinn201710
1DTFLithuania
1DTF‑LT‑VVilnius201710
1DTGGeorgia
1DTG‑GE‑TTbilisi201710
1DTHHungary
1DTH‑HU‑BCentral Hungary201710
1DTH‑HU‑BBBudapest201710
1DTH‑HU‑DTransdanubia201710
1DTH‑HU‑DBLake Balaton201710
1DTH‑HU‑DDLake Neusiedl / Ferto201710
1DTH‑HU‑DFMecsek Mountains201710
1DTH‑HU‑DGTransdanubian Mountains
Class here: Bakony mountains
201710
1DTH‑HU‑DHLittle Hungarian Plain201710
1DTH‑HU‑DPEsztergom201710
1DTH‑HU‑DQGyőr201710
1DTH‑HU‑DRPécs201710
1DTH‑HU‑DSSopron201710
1DTH‑HU‑DTSzékesfehérvár201710
1DTH‑HU‑DVVeszprém201710
1DTH‑HU‑FGreat Plain & the North201710
1DTH‑HU‑FDNorth Hungarian Mountains
Class here: Mátra, Bükk mountains
201710
1DTH‑HU‑FDEEger201710
1DTH‑HU‑FPGreat Hungarian plain
Class here: Great Alfold
201710
1DTH‑HU‑FPDHortobágy National Park201710
1DTH‑HU‑FPJDebrecen201710
1DTH‑HU‑FPKSzeged201710
1DTH‑HU‑FPWLake Tisza201710
1DTH‑HU‑ZHungary: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201710
1DTH‑HU‑ZDDanube–Tisza Interfluve201710
1DTH‑HU‑ZTTranstisza / Tiszántúl201710
1DTJCzechia
Class here: Czech Republic
201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑APrague201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑BSouth Moravian Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑CSouth Bohemian Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑EPardubice Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑HHradec Kralove Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑JVysocina Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑KKarlovy Vary Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑LLiberec Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑MOlomouc Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑PPilsen Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑SCentral Bohemian Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑TMoravian-Silesian Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑UUsti nad Labem Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑ZZlin Region201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XCzechia: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBBohemia201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBFBohemian Forest201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBGKrkonoše / Giant Mountains201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XBVVltava river & tributaries
Class here:Berounka, Luznice, Otava, Sazava rivers
201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XMMoravia201710
1DTJ‑CZ‑XSCzech Silesia201710
1DTKSlovakia
1DTK‑SK‑BBratislava (region)2017101.3
1DTK‑SK‑BBBratislava1.3
1DTK‑SK‑KKosice Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑NNitra Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑PPresov Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑SBanska Bystrica Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑TTrencin Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑VTrnava Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑YZilina Region1.3
1DTK‑SK‑ZSlovakia: places of interest
Use for:physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
1.3
1DTK‑SK‑ZVThe Vah & tributaries
Class here: Nitra, Orava rivers
1.3
1DTMMoldova (Moldavia)
1DTNUkraine
1DTN‑UA‑KKiev201710
1DTPPoland
1DTP‑PL‑MMasovian Voivodeship201710
1DTP‑PL‑MAWarsaw201710
1DTP‑PL‑PLesser Poland Voivodeship201710
1DTP‑PL‑PKKrakow201710
1DTTTurkey
1DTT‑TR‑AIstanbul1.3
1DTVArmenia
1DTV‑AM‑YYerevan201710
1DTXAzerbaijan
1DTX‑AZ‑BBaku201710
1DTZKazakhstan
1DXSoutheast Europe
1DXAAlbania
1DXA‑AL‑TTirana201710
1DXBBulgaria
1DXB‑BG‑SSofia201710
1DXCCroatia
1DXC‑HR‑AZagreb201710
1DXC‑HR‑CCentral Croatia201710
1DXC‑HR‑DDalmatia201710
1DXC‑HR‑DDDubrovnik201710
1DXC‑HR‑DKŠibenik201710
1DXC‑HR‑DSSplit201710
1DXC‑HR‑DYZadar201710
1DXC‑HR‑JIstria201710
1DXC‑HR‑KKvarner & the Highlands201710
1DXC‑HR‑LLika - Karlovac
Class here: Northern Croatia
201710
1DXC‑HR‑SSlavonia201710
1DXDMacedonia (FYR)201710
1DXD‑MK‑SSkopje201710
1DXGGreece
1DXG‑GR‑ECentral Greece201710
1DXG‑GR‑EAAttica
Class here: Mount Parnes / Parnithia, Marathon
201710
1DXG‑GR‑EAAAthens201710
1DXG‑GR‑EAEEleusis201710
1DXG‑GR‑EAPPiraeus201710
1DXG‑GR‑EEEuboea201710
1DXG‑GR‑EECChalcis201710
1DXG‑GR‑EFPhocis
Class here: Mount Parnassus
201710
1DXG‑GR‑EFDDelphi201710
1DXG‑GR‑EKAetolia-Acarnania201710
1DXG‑GR‑EKMMissolonghi201710
1DXG‑GR‑ETPhthiotis
Class here: Thermopylae, Phthia
201710
1DXG‑GR‑ETAAtalanti201710
1DXG‑GR‑EVBoeotia201710
1DXG‑GR‑EVTThebes201710
1DXG‑GR‑HEpirus201710
1DXG‑GR‑LThessaly201710
1DXG‑GR‑MMacedonia201710
1DXG‑GR‑MCChalkidiki
Class here: Mount Athos
201710
1DXG‑GR‑MEPella201710
1DXG‑GR‑MPPieria
Class here: Mount Olympus
201710
1DXG‑GR‑MTThessaloniki (region)201710
1DXG‑GR‑MTHThessaloniki201710
1DXG‑GR‑PPeloponnese201710
1DXG‑GR‑PAAchaea201710
1DXG‑GR‑PAPPatras201710
1DXG‑GR‑PDArcadia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PHElis / Ilia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PHOAncient Olympia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PKCorinthia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PKKCorinth201710
1DXG‑GR‑PLLaconia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PLSSparta201710
1DXG‑GR‑PLYMystras201710
1DXG‑GR‑PMMessenia201710
1DXG‑GR‑PRArgolis201710
1DXG‑GR‑PRAArgos201710
1DXG‑GR‑PRMMycenae201710
1DXG‑GR‑SGreek Islands201710
1DXG‑GR‑SANorth Aegean Islands201710
1DXG‑GR‑SACChios201710
1DXG‑GR‑SAHLemnos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SALLesbos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SASSamos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SCCrete201710
1DXG‑GR‑SCHHeraklion
Class here: Knossos
201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDDodecanese (Islands)201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDHKarpathos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDKKos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDLLeros201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDPPatmos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SDRRhodes201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFIonian Islands201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFCCorfu201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFFPaxos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFKCephalonia / Kefalonia201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFLLefkada201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFPIthaca201710
1DXG‑GR‑SFRZakynthos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKCyclades (Islands)201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKKMykonos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKMMilos
Class here: Kimolos
201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKNNaxos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKPParos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKSSantorini
Class here: Thera
201710
1DXG‑GR‑SKYSyros201710
1DXG‑GR‑SRSaronic Islands
Class here: Agistri
201710
1DXG‑GR‑SRAAegina201710
1DXG‑GR‑SRSSalamis201710
1DXG‑GR‑SSSporades (Islands)201710
1DXG‑GR‑SSAAlonnisos201710
1DXG‑GR‑SSKSkiathos201710
1DXG‑GR‑STOther Greek Islands201710
1DXG‑GR‑STKKythira201710
1DXG‑GR‑STMSamothrace201710
1DXG‑GR‑STSSkyros201710
1DXG‑GR‑TThrace201710
1DXHBosnia-Herzegovina
1DXH‑BA‑SSarajevo201710
1DXKKosovo
1DXNMontenegro
1DXN‑ME‑PPodgorica201710
1DXRRomania
1DXR‑RO‑BBucharest201710
1DXR‑RO‑ZRomania: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201710
1DXR‑RO‑ZTTransylvania201710
1DXSSerbia
1DXS‑RS‑BBelgrade201710
1DXVSlovenia
1DXV‑SI‑CCarniola201710
1DXV‑SI‑CLLjubljana201710
1DXYCyprus
1DXY‑CY‑CNicosia201710
1DZEurope: physical features
1DZAEurope: rivers, lakes etc
1DZADDanube river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201710
1DZADTRiver Tisza & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries & its valley
1.3
1DZARRhine river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth or delta
201710
1DZARCLake Constance1.1
1DZAVVolga river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta
201710
1DZA‑DE‑EElbe river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and estuary or mouth
1.1201710
1DZA‑DE‑NOder and Neisse rivers & tributaries
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, their vallies, the basin and estuary, mouth or delta
1.1201710
1DZA‑DE‑WWeser river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, and mouth
1.1201710
1DZA‑IT‑APo river & tributaries
Prefer code in Northern Italy:Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-NZP The Po River & its tributaries
1.1201710
1DZA‑IT‑CArno river & tributaries
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-TXA The Arno river & tributaries
1.1201710
1DZA‑IT‑ETiber river and tributaries
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-TXC The Tiber river and tributaries
1.1201710
1DZTEurope: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1DZTAThe Alps
1DZTAPPennine Alps
Class here: Valais Alps
1.3
1DZTAPMMatterhorn
Class here: Mount Cervin
1.3
1DZTAPRMont Rosa Massif
Class here: Dufourspitze
1.3
1DZTA‑FR‑BMont Blanc Massif201704
1DZTA‑FR‑BMMont Blanc201704
1DZTA‑SI‑CJulian Alps1.3
1DZTBThe Caucasus
Use for: the mountains and region
1.3
1DZTCCarpathian mountains
1DZTCTTatra Mountains1.3
1DZTHThe Balkans
Use for: the mountains and region
1.3
1DZTPThe Pyrenees
1DZTSScandinavian Mountains1.2
1DZTUUral mountains
1DZT‑DE‑AHarz mountains1.1
1DZT‑DE‑BRhön mountains1.1
1DZT‑DE‑CEifel region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑DBlack Forest region1.1
1DZT‑DE‑ERhineland1.1
1DZT‑FR‑JJura Mountains201704
1DZT‑GB‑CCotswolds
Prefer code in South west England: Places of interest
See also: 1DDU-GB-EWZC The Cotswolds
201510201704
1DZT‑GB‑PPennines
Prefer code in North and northeast England: Places of interest
See also: 1DDU-GB-EYZB The Pennines
201510201704
1DZT‑IT‑ANorthern Apennines
Prefer code in Northern Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-NZB The Northern Apennines
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑BCentral Apennines
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-TXF The Central Apennines
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑CSouthern Apennines
Prefer code in Southern Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-UZC The Southern Apennines
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑GKarst plateau1.1
1DZT‑IT‑LMaremma
Prefer code in Central Italy: Places of interest
See also: 1DST-IT-TXM Maremma
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑NVal d’Orcia
Prefer code in Italy – Tuscany – Siena
See also: 1DST-IT-TSEB Val d’Orcia
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑PTavoliere delle Puglie
Prefer code in Italy – Apulia – Foggia
See also: 1DST-IT-UPGB Tavoliere delle Puglie
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑RAmalfi coast
Prefer code in Italy – Campania – Salerna
See also: 1DST-IT-UMSC The Amalfi coast
1.1201710
1DZT‑IT‑TCosta Smeralda
Prefer code in Italy – Sardinia – Sassari
See also: 1DST-IT-UDSD Costa Smeralda
1.1201710
1FAsia
1FBMiddle East
1FBGJerusalem1.3
1FBHIsrael
1FBH‑IL‑ATel-Aviv
Class here: Jaffa
201710
1FBH‑IL‑HHaifa
Class here: Mount Carmel
201710
1FBJJordan
1FBJ‑JO‑PPetra201710
1FBLLebanon
1FBL‑LB‑BBeirut201710
1FBNIran
1FBN‑IR‑ATehran201710
1FBN‑IR‑SShiraz
Class here: Persepolis
201710
1FBPPalestine
1FBP‑PS‑GGaza201710
1FBQIraq
1FBQ‑IQ‑BBaghdad201710
1FBSSyria
1FBS‑SY‑AAleppo201710
1FBS‑SY‑DDamascus201710
1FBS‑SY‑PPalmyra201710
1FBXArabian peninsula
1FBXBBahrain
1FBXKKuwait
1FBXMOman
1FBXQQatar
1FBXSSaudi Arabia
1FBXS‑SA‑HHejaz /Hijaz201710
1FBXS‑SA‑HJJeddah201710
1FBXS‑SA‑HMMecca / Makkah201710
1FBXS‑SA‑HNMedina201710
1FBXS‑SA‑RRiyadh201710
1FBXUUnited Arab Emirates
1FBXU‑AE‑AAbu Dhabi201710
1FBXU‑AE‑DDubai201710
1FBXYYemen
1FBZMiddle East: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
1.3
1FBZBTigris & Euphrates rivers
Class here: the rivers, their tributaries, the valleys & marshes
1.3
1FBZJJordan River
Class here: the river, its tributaries, the Jordan Valley
1.3
1FBZJDDead Sea1.3
1FCCentral Asia
1FCAAfghanistan
1FCA‑AF‑KKabul201710
1FCDTajikistan (Tadzhikistan)
1FCKKyrgyzstan (Kirghizstan, Kirghizia)
1FCK‑KG‑BBishkek201710
1FCSSiberia
1FCTTurkmenistan
1FCUUzbekistan
1FKSouth Asia (Indian sub-continent)201710
1FKAIndia
1FKA‑IN‑ANorthern India201710
1FKA‑IN‑ABChandigarh201710
1FKA‑IN‑ADNational Capital Territory of Delhi201710
1FKA‑IN‑ADNNew Delhi201710
1FKA‑IN‑AGHaryana201710
1FKA‑IN‑AHHimachal Pradesh201710
1FKA‑IN‑AHSShimla / Simla201710
1FKA‑IN‑AJJammu & Kashmir
Class here: Ladakh
201710
1FKA‑IN‑APPunjab201710
1FKA‑IN‑APBAmritsar201710
1FKA‑IN‑ARRajasthan201710
1FKA‑IN‑ARBJaipur201710
1FKA‑IN‑ARDJodhpur201710
1FKA‑IN‑ARFUdaipur201710
1FKA‑IN‑CCentral India201710
1FKA‑IN‑CBChhattisgarh201710
1FKA‑IN‑CDMadhya Pradesh201710
1FKA‑IN‑CFUttar Pradesh201710
1FKA‑IN‑CFAAgra
Class here: Taj Mahal
201710
1FKA‑IN‑CFCVaranasi / Benares201710
1FKA‑IN‑CHUttarakhand201710
1FKA‑IN‑EEastern India201710
1FKA‑IN‑EBBihar201710
1FKA‑IN‑EDJharkhand201710
1FKA‑IN‑EFOdisha201710
1FKA‑IN‑EHWest Bengal201710
1FKA‑IN‑EHCKolkata
Class here: Calcutta
201710
1FKA‑IN‑EHDDarjeeling201710
1FKA‑IN‑GNorth East India201710
1FKA‑IN‑GAAssam201710
1FKA‑IN‑GCArunachal Pradesh201710
1FKA‑IN‑GEManipur201710
1FKA‑IN‑GHMeghalaya201710
1FKA‑IN‑GJMizoram201710
1FKA‑IN‑GLNagaland201710
1FKA‑IN‑GNTripura201710
1FKA‑IN‑JWestern India201710
1FKA‑IN‑JBDadra & Nagar Haveli201710
1FKA‑IN‑JDDaman & Diu201710
1FKA‑IN‑JFGoa201710
1FKA‑IN‑JGGujarat201710
1FKA‑IN‑JMMaharashtra201710
1FKA‑IN‑JMMMumbai
Class here: Bombay
201710
1FKA‑IN‑LSouthern India201710
1FKA‑IN‑LAAndhra Pradesh201710
1FKA‑IN‑LCKarnataka201710
1FKA‑IN‑LCBBengaluru
Class here: Bangalore
201710
1FKA‑IN‑LEKerala201710
1FKA‑IN‑LECKochi
Class here: Cochin
201710
1FKA‑IN‑LGPuducherry201710
1FKA‑IN‑LGBPondicherry201710
1FKA‑IN‑LJTamil Nadu201710
1FKA‑IN‑LJCChennai
class here: Madras
201710
1FKA‑IN‑LKTelangana201710
1FKA‑IN‑LKHHyderabad201710
1FKA‑IN‑LNAndaman & Nicobar Islands201710
1FKA‑IN‑LPLakshadweep201710
1FKBBangladesh
1FKB‑BD‑DDhaka201710
1FKHBhutan
1FKNNepal
1FKN‑NP‑KKathmandu201710
1FKPPakistan
1FKP‑PK‑BBalochistan201710
1FKP‑PK‑DKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
Class here: North-West Frontier Province, Khyber Pass
201710
1FKP‑PK‑FPunjab (PK)201710
1FKP‑PK‑FBLahore201710
1FKP‑PK‑HSindh201710
1FKP‑PK‑HBKarachi201710
1FKP‑PK‑LIslamabad201710
1FKSSri Lanka
Class here: Ceylon
201710
1FKS‑LK‑CColombo201710
1FMSouth East Asia
1FMBMyanmar
Class here: Burma
201710
1FMCCambodia
1FMC‑KH‑APhnom Penh201710
1FMC‑KH‑BSiem Reap201710
1FMC‑KH‑BAAngkor
Class here: Angkor Wat
201710
1FMLLaos
1FMMMalaysia
1FMM‑MY‑BKuala Lumpur201710
1FMM‑MY‑MMelaka / Malacca201710
1FMM‑MY‑PPenang201710
1FMM‑MY‑SSarawak201710
1FMM‑MY‑TSabah201710
1FMNIndonesia
1FMNBBali
1FMN‑ID‑BSumatra201710
1FMN‑ID‑DJava201710
1FMN‑ID‑DJJakarta201710
1FMN‑ID‑FKalimantan
Class here: Indonesian Borneo
201710
1FMN‑ID‑KSulawesi201710
1FMN‑ID‑MMaluku201710
1FMN‑ID‑PPapua
See also: 1MKLP New Guinea
201710
1FMN‑ID‑SLesser Sunda Islands
Class here: East Nusa Tenggara, West Timor
201710
1FMN‑ID‑SLLombok201710
1FMNTEast Timor / Timor-Leste201710
1FMNXBorneo
Use for: whole island
201710
1FMPPhilippines
1FMP‑PH‑AManila201710
1FMRBrunei
1FMSSingapore
1FMTThailand
1FMT‑TH‑BBangkok201710
1FMT‑TH‑CChiang Mai201710
1FMT‑TH‑KKrabi201710
1FMT‑TH‑KLKo Lanta201710
1FMT‑TH‑PPhuket201710
1FMT‑TH‑QSurat Thani201710
1FMT‑TH‑QBKo Samui / Koh Samui201710
1FMT‑TH‑YAyutthaya201710
1FMVVietnam
1FMV‑VN‑BHo Chi Minh City
Class here: Saigon
201710
1FMV‑VN‑DHanoi201710
1FPEast Asia, Far East
1FPCChina
1FPC‑CN‑DNorth China201608
1FPC‑CN‑DBBeijing201608
1FPC‑CN‑DDTianjin201608
1FPC‑CN‑DFHebei201608
1FPC‑CN‑DHShanxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑DJInner Mongolia
Class here: Nei Mongol
201608
1FPC‑CN‑FNortheast China201608
1FPC‑CN‑FBLiaoning201608
1FPC‑CN‑FDJilin201608
1FPC‑CN‑FFHeilongjiang201608
1FPC‑CN‑HEast China201608
1FPC‑CN‑HBShanghai201608
1FPC‑CN‑HDJiangsu201608
1FPC‑CN‑HFZhejiang201608
1FPC‑CN‑HHAnhui201608
1FPC‑CN‑HJFujian201608
1FPC‑CN‑HLJiangxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑HNShandong201608
1FPC‑CN‑JCentral China201608
1FPC‑CN‑JBHenan201608
1FPC‑CN‑JDHubei201608
1FPC‑CN‑JFHunan201608
1FPC‑CN‑LSouth China201608
1FPC‑CN‑LBGuangdong201608
1FPC‑CN‑LDGuangxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑LFHainan201608
1FPC‑CN‑NSouthwest China201608
1FPC‑CN‑NBChongqing201608
1FPC‑CN‑NDSichuan201608
1FPC‑CN‑NFGuizhou201608
1FPC‑CN‑NHYunnan201608
1FPCTTibet
Class here: Xizang
1FPC‑CN‑PNorthwest China201608
1FPC‑CN‑PBShaanxi201608
1FPC‑CN‑PDGansu201608
1FPC‑CN‑PFQinghai201608
1FPC‑CN‑PHNingxia201608
1FPC‑CN‑PJXinjiang201608
1FPCWTaiwan
1FPCHHong Kong
1FPCMMacao
1FPJJapan
1FPJ‑JP‑AHokkaido (region)1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑AAHokkaido1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BTohoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BAAomori1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BBIwate1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BCMiyagi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BDAkita1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BEYamagata1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑BFFukushima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CKanto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CAIbaraki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CBTochigi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CCGunma1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CDSaitama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CEChiba1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CFTokyo1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑CGKanagawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DChubu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DANiigata1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DBToyama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DCIshikawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DDFukui1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DEYamanashi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DFNagano1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DGGifu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DHShizuoka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑DJAichi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EKinki / Kansai1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EAMie1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EBShiga1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑ECKyoto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EDOsaka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EEHyogo1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EFNara1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑EGWakayama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FChugoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FATottori1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FBShimane1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FCOkayama1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FDHiroshima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑FEYamaguchi1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GShikoku1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GATokushima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GBKagawa1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GCEhime1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑GDKochi (JP)1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HKyushu1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HAFukuoka1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HBSaga1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HCNagasaki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HDKumamoto1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HEOita1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HFMiyazaki1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HGKagoshima1.3
1FPJ‑JP‑HHOkinawa1.3
1FPKKorea
1FPKNNorth Korea
1FPKSSouth Korea
1FPKS‑KR‑BSeoul201710
1FPMMongolia
1FZAsia: physical features
1FZAAsia: rivers, lakes etc
1FZAGGanges river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
201710
1FZAJIndus river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
201710
1FZAMMekong river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
201710
1FZAXYangtze river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and delta
201710
1FZAYYellow river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth
201710
1FZTAsia: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1FZTAAltai mountains
1FZTGGobi desert
1FZTHThe Himalayas
1FZTHAAnnapurna1.3
1FZTHKKarakoram1.3
1FZTHKKK2
Class here: Godwin-Austen or Chhogori
1.3
1FZTHMMahalangur Himal
Class here: Makalu, Lhotse, Cho Oyu
1.3
1FZTHMEMount Everest
Class here: Chomolungma
1.3
1HAfrica
1HBNorth Africa
1HBAAlgeria
1HBA‑DZ‑AAlgiers201710
1HBCChad
1HBEEgypt
1HBE‑AA‑DNile Valley and Delta
1HBE‑AA‑DAAlexandria
1HBE‑AA‑DBAswan
Class here: Abu Simbel
201710
1HBE‑AA‑DCCairo
1HBE‑AA‑DDBeheira
1HBE‑AA‑DFBeni Suef
1HBE‑AA‑DGDakahlia
1HBE‑AA‑DHDamietta
1HBE‑AA‑DJGharbia
1HBE‑AA‑DKGiza
Class here: Memphis, Great Pyramids
201710
1HBE‑AA‑DLKafr el-Sheikh
1HBE‑AA‑DNMinya
1HBE‑AA‑DPMonufia
1HBE‑AA‑DQQalyubia
1HBE‑AA‑DSSharqia
1HBE‑AA‑DWSohag
1HBE‑AA‑DXLuxor
Class here: Thebes, Valley of the Kings
201710
1HBE‑AA‑JEgypt: Western Desert
1HBE‑AA‑JFFaiyum
1HBE‑AA‑JMMatruh
1HBE‑AA‑JVNew Valley (Governorate of Egypt)
1HBE‑AA‑MEgypt: Eastern Desert
1HBE‑AA‑MAAsyut
1HBE‑AA‑MQQena
1HBE‑AA‑MRRed Sea (Governorate of Egypt)
See also: 1QSL Red Sea
1HBE‑AA‑SSinai Peninsula
1HBE‑AA‑SLIsmailia
1HBE‑AA‑SNNorth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SPPort Said
1HBE‑AA‑SSSouth Sinai
1HBE‑AA‑SZSuez
1HBLLibya
1HBL‑LY‑CCyrenaica201710
1HBL‑LY‑CBBenghazi201710
1HBL‑LY‑TTripolitania201710
1HBL‑LY‑TTTripoli201710
1HBMMorocco
1HBM‑MA‑BTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima201710
1HBM‑MA‑BCTangier201710
1HBM‑MA‑FFès-Meknès201710
1HBM‑MA‑FEFez201710
1HBM‑MA‑HRabat-Salé-Kenitra201710
1HBM‑MA‑HRRabat201710
1HBM‑MA‑LCasablanca-Settat201710
1HBM‑MA‑LCCasablanca201710
1HBM‑MA‑MMarrakesh-Safi201710
1HBM‑MA‑MEEssaouira201710
1HBM‑MA‑MMMarrakesh / Marrakech201710
1HBM‑MA‑PDrâa-Tafilalet201710
1HBM‑MA‑POOuarzazate201710
1HBM‑MA‑RSouss-Massa201710
1HBM‑MA‑RAAgadir201710
1HBSSudan
1HBS‑SD‑BKhartoum201710
1HBTTunisia
1HBT‑TN‑ATunis
Class here: Carthage
201710
1HBT‑TN‑DDjerba / Jerba201710
1HBWWestern Sahara
1HBZSouth Sudan
1HFSub-Saharan Africa
1HFDWest Africa
1HFDAMauritania
1HFDBBenin
1HFDESierra Leone
1HFDFBurkina Faso
1HFDGGambia
1HFDHGhana
1HFDH‑GH‑AAccra201710
1HFDLLiberia
1HFDL‑LR‑AMonrovia201710
1HFDMMali
1HFDM‑ML‑ATimbuktu201710
1HFDNNigeria
1HFDN‑NG‑ALagos201710
1HFDRNiger
1HFDSSenegal
1HFDS‑SN‑ADakar201710
1HFDTTogo
1HFDUGuinea
1HFDU‑GN‑AConakry201710
1HFDVCape Verde
1HFDXGuinea-Bissau
1HFDYIvory Coast
1HFDY‑CI‑AAbidjan201710
1HFGEast Africa
1HFGAEthiopia
1HFGA‑ET‑AAddis Ababa201710
1HFGDDjibouti
1HFGEEritrea
1HFGKKenya
1HFGK‑KE‑ANairobi201710
1HFGK‑KE‑MMombasa201710
1HFGQBurundi
1HFGRRwanda
1HFGR‑RW‑AKigali201710
1HFGSSomalia
1HFGSRRepublic of Somaliland
1HFGTTanzania
1HFGT‑TZ‑BDar es Salaam201710
1HFGT‑TZ‑CZanzibar
Class here: Zanzibar Archipelago
201710
1HFGT‑TZ‑ENorthern Tanzania201710
1HFGT‑TZ‑EBKilimanjaro201710
1HFGT‑TZ‑EDSerengeti201710
1HFGUUganda
1HFGU‑UG‑AKampala201710
1HFJCentral Africa
1HFJACameroon
1HFJCCongo (Congo-Brazzaville)
Class here: Republic of the Congo
201710
1HFJC‑CG‑ABrazzaville201710
1HFJGGabon
1HFJQEquatorial Guinea
1HFJRCentral African Republic
1HFJSSao Tome & Principe
1HFJZDemocratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire)
Class here: Congo-Kinshasa
201710
1HFJZ‑CD‑AKinshasa201710
1HFMSouthern Africa
1HFMAAngola
1HFMBBotswana
1HFMB‑BW‑AGaborone201710
1HFMB‑BW‑VOkavango River & Delta
Class here: the river, its tributaries &its valley
201710
1HFMKSwaziland
Class here: Kingdom of Eswatini
201710
1HFMLLesotho
1HFMMMalawi
1HFMNNamibia
1HFMQMozambique
1HFMQ‑MZ‑AMaputo201710
1HFMSRepublic of South Africa
1HFMS‑ZA‑AEastern Cape201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑BFree State201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑BBBloemfontein201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑DGauteng201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑DBJohannesburg201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑DDPretoria201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑FKwaZulu-Natal201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑FBDurban201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑HLimpopo201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑JMpumalanga
Class here: Eastern Transvaal
201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑KNorth West Province201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑MNorthern Cape201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑NWestern Cape201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑NBCape Town201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZSouth Africa: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZDDrakensberg201710
1HFMS‑ZA‑ZKKruger National Park201710
1HFMWZimbabwe
1HFMW‑ZW‑AHarare201710
1HFMZZambia
1HFMZ‑ZM‑ALusaka201710
1HSSouth Indian Ocean Islands
1HSCComoros
1HSMMadagascar
1HSUMauritius
1HSU‑MU‑BRodrigues201710
1HSVMaldives
1HSYSeychelles
1HS‑FR‑LLa Réunion
1HS‑FR‑LASaint-Denis (Réunion)201704
1HS‑FR‑LBSaint-Benoît201704
1HS‑FR‑LCSaint-Paul201704
1HS‑FR‑LDSaint-Pierre (Réunion)201704
1HS‑FR‑MMayotte
1HS‑FR‑MADzaoudzi
1HZAfrica: physical features
1HZAAfrica: rivers, lakes etc
1HZACCongo river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth or delta
201710
1HZAGNiger river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
201710
1HZAMLake Nyasa / Lake Malawi201710
1HZANNile river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and delta
See also: 1HBE-AA-D Nile Valley and Delta
201710
1HZASSuez canal
1HZATLake Tanganyika
1HZAVLake Victoria201710
1HZAZZambesi river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth or delta
201710
1HZAZVMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls1.3
1HZTAfrica: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1HZTAAtlas mountains
1HZTKKalahari desert
1HZTRGreat Rift Valley
1HZTSThe Sahara
1HZTTThe Sahel
1KThe Americas
1KBNorth America (USA & Canada)1.1
1KBBUnited States of America, USA
1KBB‑US‑MUS Midwest
1KBB‑US‑MLUS Midwest: East North Central (Great Lakes) States
1KBB‑US‑MLCIllinois
1KBB‑US‑MLCCChicago
1KBB‑US‑MLCSSpringfield (IL)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLDIndiana
1KBB‑US‑MLDDIndianapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLGMichigan
1KBB‑US‑MLGDDetroit1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOhio
1KBB‑US‑MLOLCleveland1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLONCincinnati1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLOOColumbus1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLTMinnesota
1KBB‑US‑MLTMMinneapolis-St. Paul1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWisconsin
1KBB‑US‑MLWMMilwaukee1.2
1KBB‑US‑MLWWMadison1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPUS Midwest: West North Central (Great Plains) States
1KBB‑US‑MPAIowa
1KBB‑US‑MPKKansas
1KBB‑US‑MPMMissouri
1KBB‑US‑MPMKKansas City (MO)1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPMLSt. Louis1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNNebraska
1KBB‑US‑MPNLLincoln1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPNOOmaha1.2
1KBB‑US‑MPRNorth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTSouth Dakota
1KBB‑US‑MPTRMount Rushmore National Memorial1.2
1KBB‑US‑NUS Northeast
1KBB‑US‑NAUS Northeast: Mid-Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑NAJNew Jersey
1KBB‑US‑NAJAAtlantic City1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJHHoboken1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJNNewark1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAJSJersey Shore1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNew York
1KBB‑US‑NAKAAlbany1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKBBuffalo1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCNew York City
1KBB‑US‑NAKCBBrooklyn1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMManhattan1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMGGreenwich Village1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKCMHHarlem1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKLLong Island1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAKNNiagara Falls (City)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPPennsylvania
1KBB‑US‑NAPDPennsylvania Dutch Country1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPGGettysburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑NAPHPhiladelphia
1KBB‑US‑NAPTPittsburgh1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEUS Northeast: New England
1KBB‑US‑NECConnecticut
1KBB‑US‑NECHHartford1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIMaine
1KBB‑US‑NEIAAcadia National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEIPPortland (ME)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMassachusetts
1KBB‑US‑NEMBBoston
1KBB‑US‑NEMCCape Cod1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCMMartha’s Vineyard1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMCNNantucket1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMMCambridge (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEMSSalem (MA)1.2
1KBB‑US‑NENNew Hampshire
1KBB‑US‑NERRhode Island
1KBB‑US‑NERNNewport1.2
1KBB‑US‑NERPProvidence1.2
1KBB‑US‑NEVVermont
1KBB‑US‑SUS South
1KBB‑US‑SCUS South: East South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SCAAlabama
1KBB‑US‑SCAMMontgomery1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCKKentucky
1KBB‑US‑SCKLLouisville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCMMississippi
1KBB‑US‑SCTTennessee
1KBB‑US‑SCTMMemphis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SCTNNashville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEUS South: South Atlantic States
1KBB‑US‑SECDistrict of Columbia (Washington D.C.)
1KBB‑US‑SEDDelaware
1KBB‑US‑SEFFlorida
1KBB‑US‑SEFASt. Augustine1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFEEverglades1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFHTallahassee1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFJJacksonville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFKFlorida Keys1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFMMiami
1KBB‑US‑SEFOOrlando1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEFPTampa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGGeorgia (US State)
1KBB‑US‑SEGSSavannah1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEGTAtlanta
1KBB‑US‑SEMMaryland
1KBB‑US‑SEMAAnnapolis1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEMBBaltimore1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENNorth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SENAAsheville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENBOuter Banks1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENCCharlotte1.2
1KBB‑US‑SENRRaleigh1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESSouth Carolina
1KBB‑US‑SESCCharleston (SC)1.2
1KBB‑US‑SESMMyrtle Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVirginia
1KBB‑US‑SEVCCharlottesville1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVRRichmond1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVVVirginia Beach1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEVWWilliamsburg1.2
1KBB‑US‑SEWWest Virginia
1KBB‑US‑SGGreat Smoky Mountains National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWUS South: West South Central States
1KBB‑US‑SWAArkansas
1KBB‑US‑SWAHHot Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWALLittle Rock1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLLouisiana
1KBB‑US‑SWLBBaton Rouge1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWLNNew Orleans
1KBB‑US‑SWOOklahoma
1KBB‑US‑SWOCOklahoma City1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWOTTulsa1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTTexas
1KBB‑US‑SWTAAustin1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTDDallas1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTHHouston
1KBB‑US‑SWTNSan Antonio1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTPEl Paso1.2
1KBB‑US‑SWTWFort Worth1.2
1KBB‑US‑WUS West
1KBB‑US‑WMUS West: Mountain States
1KBB‑US‑WMAArizona
1KBB‑US‑WMAFFlagstaff1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAGGrand Canyon National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMAPPhoenix1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMASSedona1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMATTucson1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCColorado
1KBB‑US‑WMCAAspen1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCBBoulder1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCDDenver1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMCRRocky Mountain National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMDIdaho
1KBB‑US‑WMDBBoise1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMMMontana
1KBB‑US‑WMMGGlacier National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNNevada
1KBB‑US‑WMNRReno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMNVLas Vegas
1KBB‑US‑WMTNew Mexico
1KBB‑US‑WMTAAlbuquerque1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTFSanta Fe1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMTTTaos1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUUtah
1KBB‑US‑WMUSSalt Lake City1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMUZZion National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWWyoming
1KBB‑US‑WMWCCheyenne1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWJJackson Hole1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMWTGrand Teton National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WMYYellowstone National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPUS West: Pacific States
1KBB‑US‑WPCCalifornia
1KBB‑US‑WPCALos Angeles
1KBB‑US‑WPCABBeverly Hills1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCAHHollywood1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCDSan Diego1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCFSan Francisco
1KBB‑US‑WPCJSan Jose1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCMMonterey1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCNNapa & Sonoma1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCPPalm Springs1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCRFresno1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCSSacramento1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPCYYosemite National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHHawaii
Use for: political & social aspects; prefer/add 1MKPH for geophysical, natural history & travel aspects
See also: 1MKPH Hawaiian Islands
1KBB‑US‑WPHHHawaii (Big Island)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHKKauai1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHMMaui1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOOahu1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPHOHHonolulu
Class here: Waikiki
1.2201710
1KBB‑US‑WPNUS Pacific Northwest
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAlaska
1KBB‑US‑WPNAAAnchorage1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNAJJuneau1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNROregon
1KBB‑US‑WPNRPPortland (OR)1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWWashington (US State)
1KBB‑US‑WPNWOOlympic National Park1.2
1KBB‑US‑WPNWSSeattle
1KBCCanada
1KBC‑CA‑AAlberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANNorthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ANBNorthern Alberta: Wood Buffalo and Waterton Lakes National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ANDNorthern Alberta: Peace River Country (AB)
1KBC‑CA‑ANGNorthern Alberta: Alberta’s Rockies & Banff and Jasper National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑ASSouthern Alberta
1KBC‑CA‑ASCSouthern Alberta: Calgary Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASFSouthern Alberta: Edmonton Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑ASJSouthern Alberta: Elk Island National Park
1KBC‑CA‑ASNSouthern Alberta: Waterton Lakes National Park
1KBC‑CA‑BBritish Columbia
1KBC‑CA‑BDBritish Columbia Interior
1KBC‑CA‑BDABritish Columbia Interior: Atlin District
1KBC‑CA‑BDBBritish Columbia Interior: Stikine Country
1KBC‑CA‑BDCBritish Columbia Interior: Peace River Country
1KBC‑CA‑BDDBritish Columbia Interior: Nechako
1KBC‑CA‑BDEBritish Columbia Interior: Bulkley
1KBC‑CA‑BDFBritish Columbia Interior: Cariboo
1KBC‑CA‑BDGBritish Columbia Interior: Chilcotin
1KBC‑CA‑BDHBritish Columbia Interior: Omineca-Prince George
1KBC‑CA‑BDJBritish Columbia Interior: Robson Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BDKBritish Columbia Interior: Kootenays
1KBC‑CA‑BDKABritish Columbia Interior: Kootenays National Parks (Mount Revelstoke, Kootenay, Glacier and Yoho)
1KBC‑CA‑BDLBritish Columbia Interior: Okanagan
1KBC‑CA‑BDMBritish Columbia Interior: Boundary
1KBC‑CA‑BDNBritish Columbia Interior: Similkameen
1KBC‑CA‑BDPBritish Columbia Interior: Thompson
1KBC‑CA‑BDQBritish Columbia Interior: Shuswap
1KBC‑CA‑BDRBritish Columbia Interior: Lillooet-Fraser Canyon
1KBC‑CA‑BFBritish Columbia South Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BFBBritish Columbia South Coast: Lower Mainland
1KBC‑CA‑BFDBritish Columbia South Coast: Greater Vancouver
1KBC‑CA‑BFFBritish Columbia South Coast: Fraser Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BFJBritish Columbia South Coast: Sea-to-Sky Corridor
1KBC‑CA‑BFMBritish Columbia South Coast: Gulf Islands & Gulf Islands National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑BFRBritish Columbia South Coast: Sunshine Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BLBritish Columbia Vancouver Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLCBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Greater Victoria
1KBC‑CA‑BLKBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Mid-Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLNBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: North Island
1KBC‑CA‑BLSBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: West Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BLWBritish Columbia Vancouver Island: Juan de Fuca region & Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑BPBritish Columbia Central Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BPDBritish Columbia Central Coast: Queen Charlotte Strait
1KBC‑CA‑BPLBritish Columbia Central Coast: Bella Coola Valley
1KBC‑CA‑BTBritish Columbia North Coast
1KBC‑CA‑BTEBritish Columbia North Coast: Haida Gwaii & Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site
1KBC‑CA‑BTMBritish Columbia North Coast: Skeena
1KBC‑CA‑BTRBritish Columbia North Coast: Nass
1KBC‑CA‑BTYBritish Columbia North Coast: Stewart Country
1KBC‑CA‑CManitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CNNorthern Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CNBNorthern Manitoba: Wapusk National Park
1KBC‑CA‑CPInterlake and Central Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CPRInterlake and Central Manitoba: Riding Mountain National Park
1KBC‑CA‑CSSouthern Manitoba
1KBC‑CA‑CSWSouthern Manitoba: Winnipeg Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑DNew Brunswick
1KBC‑CA‑DFNew Brunswick: Fundy National Park
1KBC‑CA‑DKNew Brunswick: Greater Saint John
1KBC‑CA‑DNNew Brunswick: Greater Fredericton
1KBC‑CA‑FNewfoundland & Labrador
1KBC‑CA‑FLLabrador
1KBC‑CA‑FLTLabrador: Torngat Mountains National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNNewfoundland
1KBC‑CA‑FNANewfoundland: Avalon Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNAJNewfoundland: Avalon Peninsula: St John’s
1KBC‑CA‑FNCNewfoundland: Burin Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNENewfoundland: Bonavista Peninsula & Terra Nova National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNHNewfoundland: South Coast
1KBC‑CA‑FNKNewfoundland: West Coast & Gros Morne National Park
1KBC‑CA‑FNMNewfoundland: Great Northern Peninsula
1KBC‑CA‑FNRNewfoundland: Northeast Coast
1KBC‑CA‑HNorthwest Territories
1KBC‑CA‑HLNorthwest Territories: Inuvik Region & Tuktut Nogait National Park
1KBC‑CA‑HPNorthwest Territories: Sahtu Region
1KBC‑CA‑HTNorthwest Territories: Dehcho Region & Nahanni and Naats’ihch’oh National Park Reserves
1KBC‑CA‑HVNorthwest Territories: North Slave Region
1KBC‑CA‑HWNorthwest Territories: Yellowknife
1KBC‑CA‑HXNorthwest Territories: South Slave Region
1KBC‑CA‑JNova Scotia
1KBC‑CA‑JANova Scotia: Annapolis Valley
1KBC‑CA‑JBNova Scotia: Cape Breton Island & Cape Breton Highlands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑JCCentral Nova Scotia
1KBC‑CA‑JDNova Scotia: Eastern Shore & Sable Island National Park Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑JHNova Scotia: Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM)
1KBC‑CA‑JKNova Scotia: North Shore
1KBC‑CA‑JMNova Scotia: South Shore & Kejimkujik National Park
1KBC‑CA‑KNunavut
1KBC‑CA‑KCNunavut: Kitikmeot Region
1KBC‑CA‑KNNunavut: Kivalliq Region & Ukkusiksalik National Park
1KBC‑CA‑KQNunavut: Qikiqtaaluk Region & Auyuittuq, Sirmilik and Quttinirpaaq National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑KQTNunavut: Qikiqtaaluk Region: Iqaluit
1KBC‑CA‑OOntario
1KBC‑CA‑OBNorthwestern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OBPNorthwestern Ontario: Pukaskwa National Park
1KBC‑CA‑ODNortheastern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OGCentral Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OGCCentral Ontario: Haliburton and Algonquin Park
1KBC‑CA‑OGFCentral Ontario: Kawartha Lakes
1KBC‑CA‑OGJCentral Ontario: Muskoka
1KBC‑CA‑OGQCentral Ontario: Bay of Quinte
1KBC‑CA‑OMEastern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OMCEastern Ontario: Ottawa / National Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑OMLEastern Ontario: Ottawa Valley
1KBC‑CA‑OMTEastern Ontario: Thousand Islands & St. Lawrence Islands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSSouthwestern Ontario
1KBC‑CA‑OSBSouthwestern Ontario: Bruce Peninsula & National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSFSouthwestern Ontario: Georgian Triangle & Georgian Bay Islands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑OSMSouthwestern Ontario: Greater Toronto Area
1KBC‑CA‑OSRSouthwestern Ontario: Niagara Peninsula & Point Pelee National Park
1KBC‑CA‑PPrince Edward Island
1KBC‑CA‑PMPrince Edward Island: North Shore & Prince Edward Island National Park
1KBC‑CA‑PRPrince Edward Island: South Shore
1KBC‑CA‑PTPrince Edward Island: Summerside Area
1KBC‑CA‑PVPrince Edward Island: Charlottetown Area
1KBC‑CA‑QQuebec
1KBC‑CA‑QBQuebec: Bas-Saint-Laurent
1KBC‑CA‑QBBRimouski201704
1KBC‑CA‑QBGKamouraska201704
1KBC‑CA‑QBKReford Gardens
Class here: Jardins de Métis
201704
1KBC‑CA‑QDQuebec: Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
1KBC‑CA‑QDCSaguenay (city)201704
1KBC‑CA‑QDFSaguenay River201704
1KBC‑CA‑QDKLac Saint-Jean201704
1KBC‑CA‑QFQuebec, National Capital Region
1KBC‑CA‑QFCQuebec City201704
1KBC‑CA‑QFFOrleans Island201704
1KBC‑CA‑QFGCharlevoix201704
1KBC‑CA‑QHQuebec: Mauricie
Class here: La Mauricie National Park
201704
1KBC‑CA‑QHDTrois-Rivières201704
1KBC‑CA‑QHHShawanigan201704
1KBC‑CA‑QJQuebec: Estrie / Eastern Townships
1KBC‑CA‑QJSSherbrooke201704
1KBC‑CA‑QLQuebec: Outaouais
1KBC‑CA‑QLGGatineau201704
1KBC‑CA‑QMQuebec: Montréal (region)
1KBC‑CA‑QMMMontreal201704
1KBC‑CA‑QNQuebec: Abitibi-Témiscamingue
1KBC‑CA‑QPQuebec: Côte-Nord201704
1KBC‑CA‑QPCMingan Archipelago
Class here: Mingan Archipelago National Park
201704
1KBC‑CA‑QPDAnticosti Island201704
1KBC‑CA‑QRQuebec: Nord-du-Québec
1KBC‑CA‑QRKJames Bay201704
1KBC‑CA‑QRNNunavik
Class here: Kativik
201704
1KBC‑CA‑QRUUngava Bay201704
1KBC‑CA‑QSQuebec: Gaspésie
Class here: Forillon National Park, Gaspé Peninsula, Magdalen Islands
1KBC‑CA‑QSJChalleur Bay201704
1KBC‑CA‑QTQuebec: Chaudière-Appalaches
1KBC‑CA‑QUQuebec: Laval
1KBC‑CA‑QVQuebec: Lanaudière
1KBC‑CA‑QWQuebec: Laurentides
1KBC‑CA‑QXQuebec: Montérégie
1KBC‑CA‑QYQuebec: Centre-du-Québec
Class here: Bois-Franc
201704
1KBC‑CA‑SSaskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SDNorthern Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SGCentral Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SGACentral Saskatchewan: Saskatoon
1KBC‑CA‑SGPCentral Saskatchewan: Prince Albert National Park
1KBC‑CA‑SSSouthern Saskatchewan
1KBC‑CA‑SSACentral Saskatchewan: Regina
1KBC‑CA‑SSPCentral Saskatchewan: Grasslands National Park
1KBC‑CA‑UYukon Territory
1KBC‑CA‑UDYukon Territory: Northern Yukon, Vuntut & Ivvavik National Parks
1KBC‑CA‑UFYukon Territory: Silver Trail Region
1KBC‑CA‑UKYukon Territory: Klondike Region
1KBC‑CA‑ULYukon Territory: Kluane Region & Kluane National Park & Reserve
1KBC‑CA‑UOYukon Territory: Campbell & Watson Lakes Regions
1KBC‑CA‑UWYukon Territory: Whitehorse & Southern Lakes Regions
1KBC‑CA‑ZCanada: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201704201710
1KBC‑CA‑ZHHudson Bay201704
1KBZNorth America: physical features
1KBZANorth America: rivers, lakes etc
1KBZAAGreat Lakes
1KBZAANNiagara Falls
1KBZACColorado river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth or delta
201710
1KBZAGRio Grande & tributaries
Class here: Río Bravo del Norte. Use for the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth
201710
1KBZAKMackenzie river & tributaries
1KBZAMMississippi-Missouri river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth or delta
201710
1KBZASSt Lawrence river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and basin
201710
1KBZAS‑CA‑LGulf of St Lawrence201704
1KBZAYYukon river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, basin and mouth
201710
1KBZA‑US‑HHudson river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and mouth
1.2201710
1KBZA‑US‑LGreat Salt Lake1.2
1KBZA‑US‑OColumbia river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and mouth
1.2201710
1KBZA‑US‑PPotomac river & Chesapeake Bay
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, the mouth
1.2201710
1KBZTNorth America: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1KBZTAAppalachian Mountains
1KBZTGGrand Canyon
1KBZTPNorth America: Great Plains
1KBZTRRocky Mountains
1KBZT‑US‑DDenali1.2
1KJCaribbean islands
1KJCCuba
1KJC‑CU‑DHavana201710
1KJC‑CU‑VGuantánamo201710
1KJDDominican Republic
1KJD‑DO‑DSanto Domingo201710
1KJHHaiti
1KJH‑HT‑PPort-au-Prince201710
1KJMCayman Islands
1KJPPuerto Rico
1KJP‑PR‑CSpanish Virgin Islands
Class here: Puerto Rican Virgin Islands
201710
1KJP‑PR‑CCCulebra201710
1KJP‑PR‑CDVieques201710
1KJP‑PR‑JSan Juan
Class here: El Yunque park
1.2201710
1KJWWest Indies
1KJWBBahamas
1KJWB‑BS‑ANassau201710
1KJWJJamaica
1KJWJ‑JM‑BKingston201710
1KJWTTurks & Caicos Islands
1KJWVLeeward Islands
1KJWVAAnguilla
1KJWVBAntigua & Barbuda
1KJWVGGuadeloupe
1KJWVG‑FR‑ABasse Terre
1KJWVG‑FR‑BPointe-à-Pitre201704
1KJWVKSaint Kitts & Nevis201710
1KJWVMMontserrat
1KJWVVVirgin Islands
1KJWVVKVirgin Islands (UK)
1KJWVVSVirgin Islands (USA)
1KJWWWindward Islands
1KJWWBBarbados
1KJWWDDominica
1KJWWGGrenada
1KJWWLSaint Lucia201710
1KJWWMMartinique
1KJWWM‑FR‑AFort-De-France
1KJWWM‑FR‑BLa Trinité201704
1KJWWM‑FR‑CLe Marin201704
1KJWWM‑FR‑DSaint-Pierre201704
1KJWWTTrinidad & Tobago
1KJWWT‑TT‑PPort of Spain201710
1KJWWVSaint Vincent & the Grenadines201710
1KJXLesser Antilles
1KJXAAruba
1KJXNDutch Caribbean
Class here: Netherlands Antilles
See also: 1KJXA Aruba, 1KJX-BQ-B Bonaire, 1KJX-CW-C Curaçao, 1KJX-SX-M Sint Maarten, 1KJX-BQ-E Sint Eustatius, 1KJX-BQ-S Saba
201710
1KJX‑BL‑BSaint Barthélemy201710
1KJX‑BQ‑BBonaire201710
1KJX‑BQ‑ESint Eustatius201710
1KJX‑BQ‑SSaba201710
1KJX‑CW‑CCuraçao201710
1KJX‑MF‑MSaint Martin
Use for: French part
201710
1KJX‑SX‑MSint Maarten
Use for: Dutch part
201710
1KLLatin America - Mexico, Central America, South America201710
1KLCMexico & Central America201710
1KLCBBelize
Class here: Belize Barrier Reef & Cayes, Caracol, Xunantunich
201710
1KLCGGuatemala
1KLCG‑GT‑AGuatemala department201710
1KLCG‑GT‑ACGuatemala City201710
1KLCG‑GT‑EGuatemala: Central region201710
1KLCG‑GT‑EBSacatepéquez201710
1KLCG‑GT‑EBAAntigua Guatemala201710
1KLCG‑GT‑FGuatemala: South western region201710
1KLCG‑GT‑FBSololá
Class here: Lake Atitlan
201710
1KLCG‑GT‑HPetan department201710
1KLCG‑GT‑HFFlores
Class here: Tikal
201710
1KLCHHonduras
1KLCH‑HN‑AHonduras: Western region201710
1KLCH‑HN‑ACCopan201710
1KLCH‑HN‑CHonduras: North Eastern Region201710
1KLCH‑HN‑CJBay Islands201710
1KLCH‑HN‑EHonduras: Central Eastern Region201710
1KLCH‑HN‑EAFrancisco Morazán (Department)201710
1KLCH‑HN‑EABTegucigalpa201710
1KLCMMexico
1KLCM‑MX‑ANorthwest Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑AABaja California201710
1KLCM‑MX‑AABTijuana201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ABBaja California Sur201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ABBLos Cabos
Class here: Cabo San Lucas / Cabo José del Cabo
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ACChihuahua201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ADDurango201710
1KLCM‑MX‑AESinaloa201710
1KLCM‑MX‑AEBMazatlan201710
1KLCM‑MX‑AFSonora201710
1KLCM‑MX‑BNortheast Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑BACoahuila de Zaragoza201710
1KLCM‑MX‑BBNuevo Leon201710
1KLCM‑MX‑BCTamaulipas201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CWest Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CAColima201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CBJalisco201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CBAGuadalajara201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CBDPuerto Vallarta201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CCMichoacán de Ocampo201710
1KLCM‑MX‑CDNayarit201710
1KLCM‑MX‑DEast Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑DAHidalgo201710
1KLCM‑MX‑DBPuebla201710
1KLCM‑MX‑DCTlaxcala201710
1KLCM‑MX‑DDVeracruz201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ENorth-Central Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑EAAguascalientes201710
1KLCM‑MX‑EBGuanajuato201710
1KLCM‑MX‑EBBSan Miguel de Allende201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ECQueretaro201710
1KLCM‑MX‑EDSan Luis Potosi201710
1KLCM‑MX‑EEZacatecas201710
1KLCM‑MX‑FSouth-Central Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑FAMexico City
Class here: Mexico-Tenochtitlan
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑FBMexico State201710
1KLCM‑MX‑FBMTeotihuacan201710
1KLCM‑MX‑FCMorelos201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GSouthwest Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GAChiapas
Class here: Palenque
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GBGuerrero201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GBBAcapulco201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GBEIxtapa-Zihuatanejo201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GCOaxaca201710
1KLCM‑MX‑GCAOaxaca de Juarez201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HSoutheast Mexico201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HACampeche201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBQuintana Roo201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBBCancun201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBCCozumel201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBDPlaya del Carmen201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBMTulum201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HBNRiviera Maya201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HCTabasco201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HDYucatán
Class here: Uxmal, Mayapan
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HDAMerida201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HDMChichen Itza201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HXSoutheast Mexico: Places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑HXPYucatan Peninsula201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ZMexico: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of national interest or importance
201710
1KLCM‑MX‑ZCGulf of California / Sea of Cortes201710
1KLCNNicaragua
1KLCN‑NI‑MManagua201710
1KLCPPanama
1KLCP‑PA‑APanamá
Class here: Panama City
201710
1KLCP‑PA‑CColón201710
1KLCP‑PA‑DDarien201710
1KLCRCosta Rica
1KLCR‑CR‑ASan José201710
1KLCSEl Salvador
1KLCS‑SV‑AEl Salvador: Western201710
1KLCS‑SV‑BEl Salvador: Central201710
1KLCS‑SV‑BASan Salvador201710
1KLCS‑SV‑CEl Salvador: Eastern201710
1KLSSouth America
1KLSAArgentina
1KLSA‑AR‑ANorthwest Argentina (NOA)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑AACatamarca201710
1KLSA‑AR‑ABJujuy
Class here: Quebrada de Humahuaca
201710
1KLSA‑AR‑ACLa Rioja201710
1KLSA‑AR‑ADSalta201710
1KLSA‑AR‑AESantiago del Estero201710
1KLSA‑AR‑AFTucuman201710
1KLSA‑AR‑BNortheast Argentina (NEA)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑BACorrientes201710
1KLSA‑AR‑BBChaco201710
1KLSA‑AR‑BCFormosa (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑BDMisiones
Class here: Iguazú National Park
201710
1KLSA‑AR‑CCuyo201710
1KLSA‑AR‑CAMendoza201710
1KLSA‑AR‑CAMAconcagua201710
1KLSA‑AR‑CBSan Juan (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑CCSan Luis (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DCentro201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DABuenos Aires
Class here: Mar del Plata
201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DBCórdoba (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DCEntre Rios (Mesopotamia)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DDLa Pampa201710
1KLSA‑AR‑DESanta Fe (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EPatagonia201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EAChubut
Class here: Valdes Peninsula, Los Alerces
201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EBNeuquén201710
1KLSA‑AR‑ECRio Negro (AR)201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EDSanta Cruz (AR)
Class here: Perito Moreno, Fitz Roy / Chalten
201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EDMParque Nacional de los Glaciares201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EETierra del Fuego201710
1KLSA‑AR‑EEAUshuaia201710
1KLSBBrazil
1KLSB‑BR‑ABrazil: North Region201710
1KLSB‑BR‑AAAcre (state)201710
1KLSB‑BR‑ABAmapa201710
1KLSB‑BR‑ACAmazonas (state)201710
1KLSB‑BR‑ADPara201710
1KLSB‑BR‑AERondônia201710
1KLSB‑BR‑AFRoraima201710
1KLSB‑BR‑AGTocantins201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BBrazil: Northeast Region201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BAAlagoas201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BBBahia201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BBBSalvador de Bahia201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BCCeara201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BDMaranhão201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BEParaíba201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BFPernambuco201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BFBRecife201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BGPiaui201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BHRio Grande do Norte201710
1KLSB‑BR‑BJSergipe201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CBrazil: Central-West Region201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CADistrito Federal201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CABBrasilia201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CBGoias201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CCMato Grosso201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CDMato Grosso do Sul201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CZBrazil: Central-West Region: places of interest
Use for: physical features, historical & cultural areas or other places of regional interest or importance
201710
1KLSB‑BR‑CZPPantanal201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DBrazil: Southeast Region201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DAEspirito Santo201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DBMinas Gerais201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DCRio de Janeiro (State)201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DCARio de Janeiro201710
1KLSB‑BR‑DDSão Paulo201710
1KLSB‑BR‑EBrazil: South Region201710
1KLSB‑BR‑EAParana
Class here: Iguaçu National Park
201710
1KLSB‑BR‑EBSanta Catarina201710
1KLSB‑BR‑ECRio Grande do Sul201710
1KLSCColombia
1KLSC‑CO‑AColombia: Amazonian Region201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BColombia: Andean region201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BAAntioquia201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BAAMedellin201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BBBoyaca201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BDCundinamarca201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BDABogota201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BFNorte de Santander201710
1KLSC‑CO‑BJSantander (department)201710
1KLSC‑CO‑CColombia: Caribbean Region201710
1KLSC‑CO‑CBBolivar (department)201710
1KLSC‑CO‑CBACartagena201710
1KLSC‑CO‑CGSan Andres, Providencia & Santa Catalina201710
1KLSC‑CO‑DColombia: Orinoco Region201710
1KLSC‑CO‑EColombia: Pacific Region201710
1KLSC‑CO‑EDValle del Cauca201710
1KLSC‑CO‑EDACali201710
1KLSEEcuador
1KLSE‑EC‑AEcuador: Coastal region201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BEcuador: Andean region201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BAAzuay201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BAACuenca201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BEChimborazo201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BFCotopaxi
Class here: Quilotoa
201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BJPichincha201710
1KLSE‑EC‑BJAQuito201710
1KLSE‑EC‑CEcuador: Amazonian region
Class here: Cayambe Coca, Yasuni, Sangay
201710
1KLSFFrench Guiana
1KLSF‑FR‑ACayenne
1KLSF‑FR‑BSaint-Laurent-du-Maroni201704
1KLSGGuyana
1KLSG‑GY‑GGeorgetown201710
1KLSHChile
1KLSH‑CL‑CChile: Zona Central201710
1KLSH‑CL‑CDSantiago201710
1KLSLBolivia
1KLSL‑BO‑APando201710
1KLSL‑BO‑BLa Paz
Class here:Tiwanaku, Tiahuanaco, Sorata
201710
1KLSL‑BO‑CBeni
Class here: Rurrenabaque, Madidi
201710
1KLSL‑BO‑DOruro201710
1KLSL‑BO‑ECochabamba201710
1KLSL‑BO‑FSanta Cruz
Class here: Noel Kempff Mercado, Chiquitania, Amboro, Samaipata
201710
1KLSL‑BO‑GPotosi
Class here: Salar de Uyuni, Torotoro
201710
1KLSL‑BO‑HChuquisaca201710
1KLSL‑BO‑HASucre201710
1KLSL‑BO‑JTarija201710
1KLSPParaguay
1KLSP‑PY‑AAsunción201710
1KLSRPeru
1KLSR‑PE‑APeru: Amazon Region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑AAAmazonas region
Class here: Kuélap
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑AABChachapoyas201710
1KLSR‑PE‑ACMadre de Dios region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑ACTTambopata
Class here: Tambopata National Reserve
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BPeru: Andean Region
Class here: Peruvian Highlands
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BDCusco region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BDCCusco / Cuzco201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BDDLa Convención
Class here: Choquequirao, Wamanmarka
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BDMMachu Picchu
Class here: Sacred Valley of the Incas
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑BDVAusangate & the Cordillera Vilcanota201710
1KLSR‑PE‑CPeru: Northern coastal region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DPeru: Central coastal region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DAAncash region
Class here: Chavín de Huantar, Sechín, Pañamarca
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DABHuaraz201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DASCordillera Blanca & Huascaran National Park
Class here: Cordillera Negra
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DAYYerupaja & Huayhuash201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DCLa Libertad region
Class here: Huacas de Moche
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DDLima region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑DDLLima201710
1KLSR‑PE‑EPeru: Southern coastal region201710
1KLSR‑PE‑EAArequipa region
Class here: Colca Canyon, Cotahuasi Canyon
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑EBIca region
Class here: Huacachina
201710
1KLSR‑PE‑EBNNazca
Class here: Lines and geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana
201710
1KLSSSuriname201710
1KLSS‑SR‑PParamaribo201710
1KLSUUruguay
1KLSU‑UY‑AUruguay: North201710
1KLSU‑UY‑BUruguay: North West201710
1KLSU‑UY‑CUruguay: South West201710
1KLSU‑UY‑DUruguay: East201710
1KLSU‑UY‑EUruguay: Southern central201710
1KLSU‑UY‑EFMontevideo201710
1KLSVVenezuela
1KLSV‑VE‑CCaracas201710
1KLZSouth & Central America: physical features
1KLZASouth & Central America: rivers, lakes etc
1KLZAAAmazon river & tributaries
Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley, its basin and estuary, mouth or delta
201710
1KLZACPanama canal
1KLZAOOrinoco River
Class here: the river, its tributaries & delta
1.3
1KLZAPParaná-Río de la Plata & tributaries
Class here: The River Plate, Uruguay River. Use for: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary
201710
1KLZAPFIguazu Falls & river
Class here: the river, its tributaries & its valley
1.3
1KLZATLake Titicaca1.3
1KLZTSouth & Central America: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1KLZTAAndes mountains
1KLZTABAltiplano / Andean plateau1.3
1KLZTGGalapagos Islands
1KLZTMSierra Madre mountains
1MAustralasia, Oceania, Pacific Islands, Atlantic Islands201710
1MBAustralasia
1MBFAustralia
1MBF‑AU‑CAustralian Capital Territory (ACT)
1MBF‑AU‑CACanberra
1MBF‑AU‑NNew South Wales
1MBF‑AU‑NSSydney
1MBF‑AU‑QQueensland
1MBF‑AU‑QBBrisbane
1MBF‑AU‑SSouth Australia
1MBF‑AU‑SAAdelaide
1MBF‑AU‑TTasmania
1MBF‑AU‑THHobart
1MBF‑AU‑VVictoria
1MBF‑AU‑VMMelbourne
1MBF‑AU‑WWestern Australia
1MBF‑AU‑WPPerth
1MBF‑AU‑XNorthern Territory
1MBF‑AU‑XDDarwin
1MBNNew Zealand
1MBZAustralasia: physical features
1MBZAAustralasia: rivers, lakes etc
1MBZADMurray-Darling river & tributaries
Class here: the basin, the rivers, their tributaries & mouth
201710
1MBZTAustralasia: mountains, hills, plains, coastlines etc1.1
1MBZTBGreat Dividing Range mountains
1MBZTDGreat Barrier Reef
1MBZTUUluru & The Outback
1MKOceania
1MKCMicronesia
1MKCBPalau
Class here: Belau
201710
1MKCCCaroline Islands
1MKCFFederated States of Micronesia
1MKCGGilbert Islands
See also: 1MKPK Kiribati
1MKCMMarshall Islands
1MKCNNauru
1MKCUGuam
1MKCVNorthern Marianas
1MKLMelanesia
1MKLFFiji
1MKLNNew Caledonia
1MKLN‑FR‑NNouméa201704
1MKLPNew Guinea
Use for: the whole island of New Guinea
See also: 1FMN-ID-P Papua
201710
1MKLPNPapua New Guinea
See also: 1FMN-ID-P Papua, 1MKLP New Guinea
1.3
1MKLSSolomon Islands
1MKLVVanuatu
1MKPPolynesia
1MKPCCook Islands
1MKPCRRaratonga
1MKPEEaster Island
1MKPFFrench Polynesia
1MKPFTTahiti
1MKPFT‑FR‑PPapeete201704
1MKPHHawaiian Islands
Use for: geophysical, natural history & travel aspects; or if not using US National Extensions
See also: 1KBB-US-WPH Hawaii
1MKPKKiribati
See also: 1MKCG Gilbert Islands
1MKPNNiue
1MKPPPitcairn Island
1MKPRSamoan Islands201710
1MKPRAAmerican Samoa
1MKPRWWestern Samoa
1MKPTTonga
1MKPUTokelau1.3
1MKPVTuvalu
1MKPWWallis & Futuna
1MKPW‑FR‑MMata-Utu201704
1MTAtlantic Ocean islands / Polar regions201710
1MTAAtlantic Ocean islands
1MTANNorth Atlantic islands
1MTANBBermuda
1MTANCThe Canary Islands
Use for: geophysical, natural history & travel aspects; or if not using Spanish National Extensions
See also: 1DSE-ES-E Canary Islands
201710
1MTANMMadeira
1MTANZAzores
1MTAN‑FR‑PSaint Pierre & Miquelon201704
1MTASSouth Atlantic islands
1MTASCAscension Island
See also: 1MTASH Saint Helena, 1MTAST Tristan da Cunha
1MTASFFalklands
1MTASGSouth Georgia
Class here: South Sandwich Islands
201710
1MTASHSaint Helena
See also: 1MTASC Ascension Island, 1MTAST Tristan da Cunha
201710
1MTASTTristan da Cunha
See also: 1MTASC Ascension Island, 1MTASH Saint Helena
1MTNArctic regions
1MTNGGreenland
1MTNG‑GL‑ANorth-east Greenland (National park)201510
1MTNG‑GL‑DKommune Kujalleq201510
1MTNG‑GL‑GKommuneqarfik Sermersooq201510
1MTNG‑GL‑GNNuuk201510
1MTNG‑GL‑JQeqqata Kommunia201510
1MTNG‑GL‑JKKangerlussuaq (Søndre Strømfjord)201510
1MTNG‑GL‑MQaasuitsup Kommunia201510
1MTNG‑GL‑MPThule Air Base (Pituffik)201510
1MTN‑NO‑JJan Mayen
1MTN‑NO‑SSvalbard
Class here: Spitzbergen
1MTSAntarctica
1QOther geographical groupings: Oceans & seas, historical, political etc201710
1QBHistorical states, empires & regions
1QBAAncient World
1QBAAAssyrian Empires
1QBABBabylonia
1QBAEAncient Egypt
1QBAGAncient Greece
Class here: Classical & Hellenistic Greek worlds
1.3
1QBAG‑IT‑AMagna Grecia (Hellenic Italy)1.1
1QBAHHittite Empire
1QBALAncient / Biblical Israel
1QBAMMesopotamia
1QBAPPersian Empire
1QBARAncient Rome
Class here: Roman Republic, the Roman Empire
1.3
1QBASSumer201710
1QBATEtruria
1QBCHistorical states & empires: multi-continental
1QBCBByzantine Empire
1QBCEIslamic Caliphate
1QBCLMongol Empire
1QBCSOttoman Empire
1QBCUBritish Empire
1QBC‑FR‑CFrench Colonial Empire201704
1QBDHistorical states & empires: Europe
1QBDAAustro-Hungarian Empire
1QBDFHoly Roman Empire
1QBDKCzechoslovakia
1QBDLEast Germany, DDR
1QBDNWest Germany
1QBDPPrussia1.2
1QBDRUSSR, Soviet Union
1QBDTRussian tsarist empire1.2
1QBDYYugoslavia
1QBD‑FR‑GGaul
Class here: Celtic & Roman Gaul
201704
1QBD‑FR‑LCarolingian Empire201704
1QBD‑FR‑NNapoleonic Empire201704
1QBD‑FR‑ZFrance: Historical & cultural regions
Use with: codes for French regions
201710
1QBFHistorical states & empires: Asia
1QBHHistorical states & empires: Africa
1QBHKAshanti Kingdoms
1QBKHistorical states & empires: Americas
1QBKCConfederate States of America1.2
1QBKLInca Empire / Incas201710
1QBKMMesoamerican civilisations1.3
1QBKMAAztec Empire1.3
1QBKMMMayan states1.3
1QBK‑CA‑QNew France201704
1QBK‑CA‑QANew France: Acadia201704
1QBK‑CA‑QLNew France: French Louisiana201704
1QBMHistorical states & empires: Australasia, Oceania & other land areas
1QFPolitical, socio-economic, cultural & strategic groupings201710
1QFAArab world / Arab League
Use for: grouping of Arabic speaking countries
1.3
1QFAMMaghreb1.3
1QFCCommonwealth of Nations
Class here: The British Commonwealth
201710
1QFEEU (European Union)
1QFGDeveloping countries
1QFHIndustrialized / developed countries
1QFLSapmi1.2
1QFMIslamic countries
1QFNNATO
Class here: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
201710
1QFPOPEC
Class here: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
201710
1QFSASEAN
Class here: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
201710
1QFUUnited Nations
Class here: specialized agencies of the UN
1.3
1QFWWarsaw Pact, Eastern bloc
1QF‑CA‑AAtlantic Canada (NB, PE, NS, NL)
1QF‑CA‑CCentral Canada (ON, QC)
1QF‑CA‑EEastern Canada (ON, QC, NB, PE, NS, NL)
1QF‑CA‑MCanada Maritimes (NB, PE, NS)
1QF‑CA‑PCanadian Prairies (AB, SK, MB)
1QF‑CA‑TCanadian Territories (YT, NT, NU)
1QF‑CA‑WWestern Canada (BC, AB, SK, MB)
1QMClimatic regions
1QMPPolar regions
1QMTTropics
1QRGroupings linked by seas
1QRMMediterranean countries
1QRPPacific Rim countries
1QSOceans & seas
1QSAAtlantic Ocean
1QSANNorth Atlantic
1QSASSouth Atlantic
1QSBBaltic Sea
1QSCCaribbean Sea
1QSDGulf of Mexico
1QSEIrish Sea
1QSFNorth Sea
1QSGEnglish Channel
1QSJCaspian Sea
1QSKBlack Sea
1QSLRed Sea
1QSMMediterranean Sea
1QSMALigurian Sea
1QSMBTyrrhenian Sea
1QSMCAdriatic Sea
1QSMDIonian Sea
1QSNIndian Ocean
1QSNPPersian Gulf1.3
1QSPPacific Ocean
1QSPNNorth Pacific
1QSPSSouth Pacific
1QSRArctic Ocean
1QSSSouthern Ocean
1QSTTasman Sea
1ZSpace, planets & extraterrestrial locations
Use for: works beyond the earth where a location has meaning either in setting or subject for the majority of the work
1.2
1ZMThe Solar System1.2
1ZMAThe Sun1.2
1ZMCThe Planets1.2
1ZMCBMercury1.2
1ZMCDVenus1.2
1ZMCEEarth
Use for: works on Earth as a planet, in the context of the Solar System or space
See also: 1A World
1.2
1ZMCELThe Moon1.2
1ZMCFMars1.2
1ZMCHJupiter1.2
1ZMCKSaturn1.2
1ZMCMUranus1.2
1ZMCNNeptune1.2
1ZMGOther entities in the Solar System1.2
1ZMGPPluto & dwarf planets
Class here: Kuiper Belt
1.2201710
1ZMGRComets1.2
1ZMGTAsteroids, the Asteroid belt1.2
2Language qualifiers
DO NOT USE “2” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 2* as appropriate
2AIndo-European languages
2ACGermanic & Scandinavian languages
2ACBEnglish
Use with: PLACE Qualifier 1* if appropriate to give more precise detail
1.3
2ACBAAnglo-Saxon / Old English1.3
2ACBCMiddle English
2ACBKAmerican English
2ACBMAustralian English
2ACBRCanadian English
2ACCScots (Lallans, the Doric)
2ACCUUlster Scots (Ullans)
2ACDDutch
2ACFFlemish
2ACGGerman
2ACGHSwiss German (Alemannic)
2ACGMGerman, Middle High
2ACGPGerman, Old High
2ACKAfrikaans
2ACSScandinavian languages
2ACSCIcelandic
2ACSDDanish
2ACSFFaroese
2ACSJJutish
2ACSNNorwegian
2ACSNBNorwegian, bokmål
2ACSNKNorwegian, nynorsk
2ACSWSwedish
2ACSXOld Norse
2ACYYiddish
2ACZOther Germanic languages & dialects
2ACZFFrisian
2ADRomance, Italic & Rhaeto-Romanic languages
2ADCCatalan
2ADDValencian
2ADFFrench
2ADFPProvencal
2ADFQCanadian French201704
2ADFQ‑CA‑AAcadian French201704
2ADFQ‑CA‑CQuebec French (Quebecois)201704
2ADHCorsican
2ADLLatin
2ADPPortuguese
2ADPBBrazilian Portuguese
2ADQGalician (Gallego, Galego)
2ADRRomanian
2ADSSpanish
2ADSLLatin-American Spanish
Use with: PLACE Qualifier 1* if appropriate to give more precise detail
1.3
2ADTItalian
2ADTXItalian dialects
2ADVSardinian
2ADWLadin languages
2AD‑ES‑GAragonese201701
2AD‑ES‑NAranese201701
2AD‑ES‑TAsturian201701
2AD‑FR‑COccitan (lenga d’òc)1.3
2AFCeltic languages
2AFBBreton
2AFCCornish
2AFGGaulish
2AFMManx
2AFRIrish Gaelic
2AFSScottish Gaelic
2AFWWelsh
2AGSlavic (Slavonic) languages
2AGBBulgarian
2AGCChurch Slavic
2AGKSlovak
2AGLBelarusian (Belorussian)
2AGMMacedonian
2AGPPolish
2AGRRussian
2AGSSerbo-Croatian
2AGSCCroatian
2AGSSSerbian
2AGUUkrainian
2AGVSlovenian
2AGWWendish (Lusatian, Sorbian)
2AGZCzech
2AHHellenic languages
2AHAAncient (Classical) Greek
2AHBBiblical Greek
2AHMModern Greek
2AJBaltic & other Indo-European languages
2AJBBaltic languages
2AJBLLithuanian
2AJBVLatvian (Lettish)
2AJKOther Indo-European languages
2AJKLAlbanian
2AJKRArmenian
2BIndic, East Indo-European & Dravidian languages
2BBEarly Indic languages
2BBASanskrit
2BBPPali
2BMModern Indic languages
2BMBBengali
2BMDMarathi
2BMGGujarati
2BMHHindi
2BMJRajasthani
2BMKKashmiri
2BMNNepali
2BMPPunjabi
2BMRRomany
2BMSSinhalese
2BMSMMaldivian
2BMUUrdu
2BRDravidian languages
2BRBBrahui
2BRKKannada (Kanarese)
2BRLTelugu
2BRMMalayalam
2BRTTamil
2BXIndo-Iranian languages
2BXFPersian (Farsi)
2BXKKurdish
2BXLPashto (Pushto, Afghan)
2BXZZend Avestan
2CAfro-Asiatic languages
2CSSemitic languages
2CSAAramaic
2CSBAssyro-Babylonian (Akkadian) languages
2CSJHebrew
2CSMMaltese
2CSRArabic
2CSSSyriac
2CSTEthiopic
2CSTAAmharic
2CSTTTigrinya
2CXNon-Semitic Afro-Asiatic languages
2CXBBerber (Tuareg)
2CXCCoptic
2CXGEgyptian
2CXHHausa
2CXSSomali
2CXSROromo
2FUral-Altaic & Hyperborean languages
2FCFinno-Ugric languages
2FCDEstonian
2FCFFinnish (Suomi)
2FCLSami1.3
2FCLDSouthern Sami
2FCLFNorthern Sami
2FCLLLule Sami
2FCLNInari Sami
2FCLSSkolt Sami
2FCLXSami languages (other)
2FCMHungarian (Magyar)
2FMTurkic languages
2FMCTurkish
2FMHKirghiz
2FMKKazakh
2FMNTurkmen
2FMUUzbek
2FMZAzerbaijani
2FVMongolian
2FWTungusic languages
2FWKEvenki
2FWMManchu
2FXHyperborean & Palaeosiberian languages
2GEast & Southeast Asian languages
2GDSino-Tibetan languages
2GDBBurmese
2GDCChinese
2GDCCCantonese
2GDCKHokkien
2GDCMMandarin
2GDCWWu
2GDCYAmoy
2GDKKaren
2GDTTibetan
2GJJapanese
2GKKorean
2GROther Southeast Asian languages, Austroasiatic languages
2GRHCambodian (Khmer)
2GRLLao
2GRMHmong (Miao)
2GRSThai (Siamese)
2GRVVietnamese
2HAfrican languages
2HCNiger-Congo languages
2HCBBantu languages
2HCBABantu proper (Narrow Bantu)
2HCBBCentral Bantu languages
2HCBBCChichewa (Chewa)
2HCBBFChilomwe (Lomwe)
2HCBBHChinyanja (Cinyanja, Nyanja)
2HCBBJChitonga (Tonga)
2HCBBLChitumbuka (Tumbuka)
2HCBBNChiyao (Yao)
2HCBBPIcibemba (Bemba)
2HCBBQKiikaonde (Kaonde)
2HCBBRKongo
2HCBBSLunda
2HCBBULuvale
2HCBDkiSwahili (Swahili)
2HCBHOtjiHerero (Herero)
2HCBKKikuyu
2HCBLNyoro-Ganda group
2HCBLGLuganda (Ganda)
2HCBLRNyankore (Runyankore-Rukiga)
2HCBMFang (Yaunde-Fang)
2HCBNDuala
2HCBPTshivenda & Venda group
2HCBQShona
2HCBSSotho-Tswana group
2HCBSASesotho (Sotho, Sesotho sa Leboa, Southern Sotho)
2HCBSBSepedi (Northern Sotho)
2HCBSDSetswana (Tswana)
2HCBSFSilozi
2HCBVXiTsonga (Tsonga)
2HCBWSiswati (Swazi)
2HCBXisiXhosa (Xhosa)
2HCBYisiNdebele (Ndebele)
2HCBZisiZulu (Zulu)
2HCWWest Atlantic & Volta Congo languages
2HCWFFulani (Fulah)
2HCWVVolta-Congo languages
2HCWVBIbo (Igbo)
2HCWVDDagbani (Dagomba)
2HCWVEEwe
2HCWVGGa
2HCWVNFante
2HCWVSAsante Twi
2HCWVTAkwapim Twi
2HCWVYYoruba
2HKKhoisan languages
2HNNilo-Saharan & Chari-Nile (Macrosudanic) languages
2HNDDinka
2HNMMasai
2HNRNubian
2HNTTeso (Ateso)
2HXOther African languages
2JAmerican indigenous languages
2JNNorth & Central American indigenous languages
2JNAAleut
2JNBInuit
2JNBKInuktitut
2JNCAlgonkian (Algonquin) languages
2JNCECree
2JNCJOjibway
2JNDNa-Dene & Athapascan (Athabascan) languages
2JNGIroquoian & Siouan languages
2JNMMayan
2JNNUto-Aztecan languages
2JNZZuni
2JSSouth American & Caribbean indigenous languages
2JSCCarib (Cariban)
2JSGGuarani
2JSQQuechuan
2POceanic & Austronesian languages
2PBAustralian Aboriginal languages
2PCPapuan languages
2PCSSusuami
2PGAustronesian & Malayo-Polynesian languages
2PGBFormosan (Taiwanese)
2PGGMalagasy
2PGJTagalog (Filipino)
2PGNIndonesian languages
2PGNAIndonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
2PGNCBalinese
2PGNDJavanese
2PGNMMalay (Bahasa Malaysia)
2PGPOceanic & Polynesian languages
2PGPAMaori language
2PGPFFijian
2PGPGTongan
2PGPHTahitian
2PGPRRarotongan
2PGPSSamoan
2PGPWHawaiian
2PGPXOther Oceanic languages
2PGPXKMokilese
2PGPXMMarshallese
2PGPXNPonapean
2PGPXPPalauan
2PGPXTTokelauan
2ZOther languages
2ZBBasque
2ZCCaucasian languages
2ZCGGeorgian
2ZMSumerian
2ZPPidgins & Creoles
2ZPTTok Pisin
2ZXArtificial languages
Use for: works about constructed or invented languages
1.3
2ZXAAfrihili
2ZXCOccidental
2ZXPEsperanto
2ZXTInterlingua
3Time period qualifiers
DO NOT USE “3” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 3* as appropriate
3BPrehistory
Use for: (3B* codes) may be used for different time periods depending on the geographical area
1.1
3BDStone Age1.1
3BDFStone Age: Palaeolithic period1.11.2
3BDKStone Age: Mesolithic period1.11.2
3BDQStone Age: Neolithic period1.1
3BLBronze Age
Class here: Chalcolithic (Copper age), Early, Middle & Late Bronze Ages
1.1
3BRIron Age
Class here: Early, Middle & Late Iron Ages
1.1
3B‑AA‑EEgypt: Predynastic & Early Dynastic periods (c 5500 to c 2700 BCE)1.3
3CBCE period – Protohistory
3CDc 4000 to c 3000 BCE
3CGc 3000 to c 2000 BCE
3CJc 2000 to c 1000 BCE
3CTc 1000 BCE to start of CE period
3CT‑DE‑AGermany: the ancient / classical world (c 800 BCE to c 500 CE)
3CT‑ES‑ASpain: Ancient History (up to c 200 BCE)1.3
3CT‑ES‑BSpain: Roman History (c 200 BCE to c 400 CE)
3CT‑IT‑AAncient Italy (c 1000 to c 500 BCE)
3C‑AA‑EAncient Egypt (c 2686 BCE to c 323 BCE)
3KCE period up to c 1500
3KBc 1 CE to c 500 CE
3KBF1st century, c 1 to c 99
3KBK2nd century, c 100 to c 199
3KBN3rd century, c 200 to c 299
3KBW4th century, c 300 to c 399
3KBY5th century, c 400 to c 499
3KB‑AA‑EEgypt: Classical Antiquity (c 332 BCE to c 630 CE)
3KB‑GB‑ARoman Britain (c 43 BCE to c 410 CE)1.3
3KHc 500 CE to c 1000 CE
3KHF6th century, c 500 to c 599
3KHK7th century, c 600 to c 699
3KHN8th century, c 700 to c 799
3KHW9th century, c 800 to c 899
3KHY10th century, c 900 to c 999
3KH‑AA‑EMedieval Egypt (c 630 to c 1517)
3KH‑DK‑HDenmark: the Viking Age (c 800 to c 1050)201510
3KH‑ES‑ASpain: Germanic and visigothic invasions (c 400 to c 600)
3KH‑GB‑BAnglo-Saxon period (c 400 to c 1066)1.3
3KH‑IE‑SEarly Christian Ireland (c 400 to c 800)201704
3KH‑IE‑VViking Ireland (c 800 to c 1014)201704
3KH‑IT‑CItaly: from Germanic Kingdoms to Franks (c 500 to c 1000)
3KH‑SE‑HSweden: the Viking Age (c 800 to c 1050)
3KLc 1000 CE to c 1500
3KLF11th century, c 1000 to c 1099
3KLK12th century, c 1100 to c 1199
3KLN13th century, c 1200 to c 1299
3KLN‑GB‑EEnglish conquest of Wales (c 1277 to c 1283)1.3
3KLW14th century, c 1300 to c 1399
3KLY15th century, c 1400 to c 1499
3KLY‑GB‑FWars of the Roses (c 1455 to c 1487)1.3
3KLY‑IT‑EItaly: Renaissance (c 1400 to c 1499)
3KL‑GB‑CNorman Conquest & Norman period (1066–1154)1.3
3KL‑GB‑DThe Plantagenet & medieval period (1154–1485)1.3
3KL‑IE‑NNorman Ireland (1169 to c 1350)201704
3KL‑IT‑DItaly: Communes, ‘Signorie’ (c 1000 to c 1400)
3KL‑SE‑JSweden: Middle Ages (c 1050 to c 1520)
3K‑ES‑ASpain: Middle Ages (c 400 to c 1492)
3K‑ES‑BSpain: Arab presence (711–1492)
3K‑ES‑CSpain: ‘Reconquista’ (711–1492)
3K‑IT‑BItaly: c 500 BCE to c 1500 CE
3Mc 1500 onwards to present day
3MD16th century, c 1500 to c 1599
3MDBEarly 16th century c 1500 to c 1550
3MDBAc 1500 to c 1509
3MDBFc 1510 to c 1519
3MDBHc 1520 to c 1529
3MDBJc 1530 to c 1539
3MDBLc 1540 to c 1549
3MDQLater 16th century c 1550 to c 1599
3MDQMc 1550 to c 1559
3MDQSc 1560 to c 1569
3MDQVc 1570 to c 1579
3MDQXc 1580 to c 1589
3MDQZc 1590 to c 1599
3MD‑CA‑ANorth America: New France (1534–1763)201704
3MD‑GB‑GTudor period (1485–1603)1.3
3MD‑GB‑GEElizabethan era (1558–1603)1.3
3MD‑IE‑PPlantations of Ireland (1556–1663)201704
3MD‑SE‑LSweden: the Vasa era (c 1520 to c 1611)
3MG17th century, c 1600 to c 1699
3MGBEarly 17th century c 1600 to c 1650
3MGBAc 1600 to c 1609
3MGBFc 1610 to c 1619
3MGBHc 1620 to c 1629
3MGBJc 1630 to c 1639
3MGBLc 1640 to c 1649
3MGB‑GB‑HJacobean & Early Stuart era (1603–1649)
Class here: Caroline era
1.3
3MGQLater 17th century c 1650 to c 1699
3MGQMc 1650 to c 1659
3MGQM‑GB‑JBritish Civil Wars & Interregnum (c 1639 to 1660)
Use for: period of the English Civil War, the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
1.3
3MGQM‑IE‑CCromwellian conquest of Ireland (1649–1653)201704
3MGQSc 1660 to c 1669
3MGQS‑GB‑KThe Restoration & Later Stuart era (1660–1714)1.3
3MGQVc 1670 to c 1679
3MGQXc 1680 to c 1689
3MGQX‑GB‑MThe Glorious Revolution (1688–1689)1.3
3MGQZc 1690 to c 1699
3MG‑IT‑GItaly: Spanish domination (1559–1714)
3MG‑SE‑NThe Swedish Empire (c 1611 to c 1718)
3MG‑US‑AUSA: Colonization and Settlement ( c 1600 to c 1775)1.3
3ML18th century, c 1700 to c 1799
3MLBEarly 18th century c 1700 to c 1750
3MLBAc 1700 to c 1709
3MLBFc 1710 to c 1719
3MLBHc 1720 to c 1729
3MLBJc 1730 to c 1739
3MLBLc 1740 to c 1749
3MLQLater 18th century c 1750 to c 1799
3MLQMc 1750 to c 1759
3MLQSc 1760 to c 1769
3MLQVc 1770 to c 1779
3MLQXc 1780 to c 1789
3MLQZc 1790 to c 1799
3MLQZ‑FR‑AThe French Revolution (c 1789 to c 1799)1.3
3MLQZ‑IE‑RIrish Rebellion of 1798201704
3MLQ‑SE‑RSweden: the Gustavian Era (1772–1809)
3MLQ‑US‑BAmerican Revolution (1775–1783)1.3
3MLQ‑US‑CUSA: The New Nation (c 1783 to c 1800)1.3
3ML‑DE‑BGermany: the age of Absolutism & Enlightenment (1648–1779)
3ML‑GB‑PGeorgian era (1714–1837)1.3
3ML‑GB‑PRRegency Period (c 1811 to c 1820)1.3
3ML‑IT‑HItaly: Austrian domination (1701–1796)
3ML‑SE‑QSweden: the Age of Liberty (c 1718 to c 1772)
3MN19th century, c 1800 to c 1899
3MNBEarly 19th century c 1800 to c 1850
3MNBAc 1800 to c 1809
3MNBFc 1810 to c 1819
3MNBHc 1820 to c 1829
3MNBJc 1830 to c 1839
3MNBJ‑CA‑DLower Canada Rebellion / Patriots War (1837–1838)201704
3MNBLc 1840 to c 1849
3MNBL‑IE‑FIreland: The Great Famine (1845–1852)201704
3MNB‑DE‑CGermany: the age of the European Revolutions (1780–1848)
3MNB‑ES‑ASpain: Spanish War of Independence (1808–1813)
3MNB‑GB‑TIndustrial revolution (c 1760 to c 1840)1.3
3MNB‑IT‑MItaly: Napoleonic era, Restoration, Risorgimento uprisings (1796–1848)
3MNB‑US‑DUSA: Exploration and Expansion (c 1800 to c 1861)1.3
3MNQLater 19th century c 1850 to c 1899
3MNQMc 1850 to c 1859
3MNQSc 1860 to c 1869
3MNQVc 1870 to c 1879
3MNQXc 1880 to c 1889
3MNQZc 1890 to c 1899
3MNQZ‑DE‑DGermany: the age of Imperialism (1890–1914)
3MNQ‑GB‑VVictorian period (1837–1901)1.3
3MNQ‑IE‑GIreland: The Gaelic Revival (c 1850 to 1916)201704
3MNQ‑IT‑NItaly: National Independence & Risorgimento (1850–1861)
3MNQ‑IT‑PItaly: National Unification & first decades of the Kingdom of Italy (1861–1900)
3MNQ‑US‑EAmerican Civil War and Reconstruction (1861–1877)
3MNQ‑US‑FUSA: The Gilded Age (c 1877 to c 1893)
3MN‑DK‑GDenmark: Golden Age (c 1800 to c 1850)201510
3MN‑ES‑ASpain: Contemporary history (1808–2000)
3MP20th century, c 1900 to c 1999
3MPBEarly 20th century c 1900 to c 1950
3MPBAc 1900 to c 1909
3MPBFc 1910 to c 1919
3MPBFBWorld War One period (1914–1918)1.3
3MPBF‑IE‑RIreland: The Revolutionary Period (1916–1922)201704
3MPBGInter-war period c 1919 to c 1939
3MPBGHc 1920 to c 1929
3MPBGH‑ES‑ASpain: Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923–1930)
3MPBGH‑IE‑CThe Irish Civil War (1922–1923)201704
3MPBGH‑US‑JUSA: The Jazz Age (1919–1929)1.3
3MPBGJc 1930 to c 1939
3MPBGJ‑DE‑HGermany: National Socialist period (1933–1945)1.1
3MPBGJ‑ES‑ASpain: Second Republic (1931–1936)
3MPBGJ‑ES‑BSpain: Civil war (1936–1939)
3MPBGJ‑US‑KUSA: The Great Depression (1929–1939)1.3
3MPBG‑DE‑GGermany: Weimar Republic (1918–1933)1.1
3MPBG‑IE‑SIrish Free State (1922–1937)201704
3MPBG‑IT‑SItaly: post First World War period & Fascism (1918–1943)
3MPBLc 1940 to c 1949
3MPBLBWorld War Two period (c 1939 to c 1945)1.3
3MPBL‑DK‑BDenmark: German occupation (1940–1945)201510
3MPBL‑ES‑ASpain: Postwar period (1940–1949)
3MPBL‑IT‑TItaly: Liberation from Fascism & Resistance (1943–1945)
3MPBL‑IT‑UItaly: post Second World War period & Foundation of Italian Republic (1946–1968)
3MPB‑ES‑ASpain: End of the Monarchy (c 1900 to c 1931)201701
3MPB‑IT‑RItaly: Giolittian period (1900–1914)
3MPB‑US‑HUSA: The Progressive Era (c 1890 to c 1929)
3MPQLater 20th century c 1950 to c 1999
3MPQMc 1950 to c 1959
3MPQM‑US‑NUSA: Korean War period (1950–1953)1.3
3MPQSc 1960 to c 1969
3MPQS‑CA‑QQuebec: The Quiet Revolution (1960–1968)201704
3MPQS‑DE‑KGermany: Protest of 19681.1
3MPQS‑US‑PUSA: Era of Civil Rights Movement (c 1954 to c 1968)1.3
3MPQS‑US‑QUSA: Vietnam War period (c 1955 to c 1975)1.3
3MPQVc 1970 to c 1979
3MPQV‑DE‑LGerman Autumn, 19771.1
3MPQV‑IT‑WItaly: protest movement & ‘Anni di Piombo’ (1969–1980)
3MPQXc 1980 to c 1989
3MPQZc 1990 to c 1999
3MPQZ‑IT‑XItaly: crisis of the Nineties & so-called Second Republic (1990–1999)
3MPQ‑DE‑JGermany: the Cold War era (1945–1990)
3MPQ‑ES‑ASpain: Franco´s dictatorship (c 1940 to 1975)
3MPQ‑ES‑BSpain: Democratic transition (c 1975 to c 1982)
3MPQ‑ES‑CSpain: Democracy (c 1982 to present)
3MPQ‑IE‑TIreland: The Troubles (1968–1999)201704
3MPQ‑IT‑VItaly: reconstruction, economic miracle, social & political transformations (1950–1968)
3MP‑AA‑EModern Egypt (c 1882 to present)
3MP‑SE‑ASweden: Folkhemmet (c 1930 to 1965)1.2
3MR21st century, c 2000 to c 2100
3MRBEarly 21st century c 2000 to c 2050
3MRBAc 2000 to c 2009
3MRBFc 2010 to c 2019
3MRBHc 2020 to c 2029
3MRBJc 2030 to c 2039
3MRBLc 2040 to c 2049
3M‑AA‑EEarly Modern Egypt (c 1517 to c 1914)
3M‑ES‑ASpain: Modern history (1492–1808)
3M‑ES‑ABSpain: ‘Siglo de oro’ (1492–1690)
4Educational purpose qualifiers
DO NOT USE “4” on individual books, but select qualifiers from section 4* as appropriate
4CFor all educational levels
Use for: (all 4C* codes) titles published for educational use at the applicable level, but prefer 4Z* national extension detail wherever possible. Use with 4Z* and PLACE Qualifiers (1*) if appropriate
1.3
4CAFor pre-school learning
4CDFor primary education
4CFFor middle / preparatory school education
4CLFor mandatory secondary education
4CNFor optional / advanced secondary education
4CPFor vocational / professional education / training
Use with: 4CT for tertiary level or with 4CL or 4CN at secondary level, but prefer 4Z* national extention detail wherever possible. Use with: 4Z* and PLACE Qualidfiers (1*) if appropriate
1.3
4CPCFor vocational / professional certification / qualifications1.3
4CTFor higher / tertiary / university education
Use for: titles published for educational use in higher or university education, but prefer 4Z* national extention detail wherever possible. Use with: 4Z* and PLACE Qualifiers (1*) if appropriate
1.3
4CTBFor undergraduate education & equivalents
Use for: titles that are specifically published for educational use at undergraduate or equivalent level, eg Bachelor’s degree, but prefer 4Z* national extention detail wherever possible. Use with: 4Z* and PLACE Qualifiers (1*) if appropriate
1.3
4CTMFor graduate / post-graduate & equivalents
Use for: titles that are specifically published for educational use at post-graduate or equivalent level, eg Master’s degree, but prefer 4Z* national extention detail wherever possible. Use with: 4Z* and PLACE Qualifiers (1*) if appropriate
1.3
4CXFor adult education
4GFor international curricula & examinations
4GAFor International Baccalaureate (IB) pre-diploma level programmes1.1
4GAJFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Early Years programme1.1
4GASFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Middle Years programme1.1
4GBFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma
4GCFor International Baccalaureate (IB) Career-related Certificate1.1
4GHFor International GCSE (IGCSE)
4LFor language learning courses & examinations
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
4LBFor language proficiency tests / exams
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
4LEELT examinations & certificates
4LEACambridge English Exams
Class here: YLE, KET, PET, FCE, CAE, CPE
1.3
4LECInternational English Language Testing System (IELTS)1.1
4LEFTest of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
4LEHTest of English for International Communication (TOEIC)1.3
4LEPELT: Exams and tests of English for specific purposes
Class here: BULATS, BEC, ICFE, ILEC, TOLES
1.3
4LZFor specific language learning & courses other than ELT
Use with: LANGUAGE Qualifiers 2* as appropriate
1.3
4LZ‑ES‑DDiplomas of Spanish as a Foreign Language (DELE)201707
4LZ‑FR‑DDiplomas of French as a Foreign Language (DELF / DALF / DILF / TCF / TEF)
Use for: works preparing for exams or diplomas for French as a foreign language
1.3
4LZ‑IT‑HCertification of Italian language learning
4LZ‑IT‑HBFor Italian language learning: CELI Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HDFor Italian language learning: CIC Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HFFor Italian language learning: PLIDA Certificate
4LZ‑IT‑HHFor Italian language learning: CILS Certificate
4TFor specific educational purposes
4TCTextbook, coursework
4TMRevision & study guide
4TNFor examinations / tests / assessments
Class here: past papers, mock exam papers, model tests, exam preparation titles
1.3
4TNCFor citizenship exams / tests
Use with: appropriate PLACE Qualifier 1 * and subject code depending on contents
1.3
4TPContent and language integrated learning (CLIL)
Use for: material that is suitable to be used to teach non-linguistic subjects in a second or non-native language
1.3
4TVFor supplementary education programmes (compensatory / complementary education)
Use for: educational material intended to make up for experiences (such as cultural experiences) lacked by disadvantaged children
1.3
4TWFor specific learning difficulties
Use for: educational material designed for differentiated learning and people with specific learning difficulties
1.1
4TYFor home learning
4ZFor specific national or regional educational curricula
Use with: Appropriate PLACE Qualifier 1* if the country does not have its own specific 4Z* codes
1.3
4Z‑AA‑For Arab world educational systems
Use with: Appropriate PLACE Qualifier 1* if the country does not have its own specific 4Z* codes
1.3
4Z‑AA‑EFor Egyptian educational systems
4Z‑AA‑EAFor Al-Azhar Education System (Egypt)
4Z‑CA‑For Canadian educational curricula
4Z‑CA‑AFor Elementary Education (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑CFor Secondary Education (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑FFor College, Pre-University Programs (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑HFor College, Technical Programs (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑JFor University, Bachelor’s Degree (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑LFor University, Master’s Degree (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑MFor University, Doctorate (Canada)
4Z‑CA‑QFor Quebec educational curricula201704
4Z‑CA‑QAQuebec: for Elementary education201704
4Z‑CA‑QCQuebec: for Secondary education201704
4Z‑CA‑QFQuebec: CEGEP pre-university programme201704
4Z‑CA‑QHQuebec: CEGEP technical programme201704
4Z‑CA‑QJQuebec: for university Batchelor’s degree201704
4Z‑CA‑QKQuebec: for university Master’s degree201704
4Z‑CA‑QLQuebec: for university Doctorate201704
4Z‑CB‑For educational curricula in the Caribbean
Use with: Appropriate PLACE Qualifier 1* if the country does not have its own specific 4Z* codes and other EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE Qualifiers 4* to indicate level
1.3
4Z‑DE‑For German educational curricula
4Z‑DE‑AFor pre-school learning (Germany)201707
4Z‑DE‑BFor primary education (Germany)201707
4Z‑DE‑BAFor German elementary school201707
4Z‑DE‑CFor German common school201707
4Z‑DE‑DFor secondary education (Germany)201707
4Z‑DE‑DAFor German academic high school add on education201707
4Z‑DE‑DABFor German integrated secondary school201707
4Z‑DE‑DADFor German cooperative comprehensive school201707
4Z‑DE‑DAEFor German laboratory school201707
4Z‑DE‑DAFFor German intermediate school201707
4Z‑DE‑DAGFor German pre-intermediate school201707
4Z‑DE‑DAHFor German ten-class secondary school201707
4Z‑DE‑DAJFor German upper school college201707
4Z‑DE‑DAKFor German junior high school201707
4Z‑DE‑DALFor German combined middle & secondary school201707
4Z‑DE‑DBFor German middle school add on education201707
4Z‑DE‑DBAFor German regular school201707
4Z‑DE‑DBBFor German regional school201707
4Z‑DE‑DBCFor German orientation classes201707
4Z‑DE‑DBDFor German schools of a special kind201707
4Z‑DE‑DBEFor German secondary school201707
4Z‑DE‑DBFFor German municipality school201707
4Z‑DE‑DBGFor German craft related junior high or main school201707
4Z‑DE‑DCFor German comprehensive school201707
4Z‑DE‑DDFor German academic high school201707
4Z‑DE‑DDAFor German academic high school – eight year201707
4Z‑DE‑DDBFor German academic high school – nine year201707</